Property talk:P106

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occupation
occupation of a person; see also "field of work" (Property:P101), "position held" (Property:P39)
DescriptionOccupation of a person. See also field of work (P101).
Representsprofession (Q28640), occupation (Q12737077)
Data typeItem
Template parameterInfobox person (occupation)
Domain
According to this template: person
According to statements in the property:
person (Q215627), character that may be fictional (Q21070598), fictional character (Q95074), animal (Q729), human (Q5) and group of humans (Q16334295)
When possible, data should only be stored as statements
Allowed values
According to this template: normally that "is a(n)" occupation : instance of (P31) = occupation (Q12737077)
According to statements in the property:
When possible, data should only be stored as statements
ExampleJean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (Q42037)writer (Q36180)
Robin Williams (Q83338)actor (Q33999)
Yuri Gagarin (Q7327)astronaut (Q11631)
Andrea Bocelli (Q42402)opera singer (Q2865819)
Robot and gadget jobsDeltaBot does the following jobs: The gadget Wikidata useful lets the user choose among some common values for this property and save in one click
Tracking: usageCategory:Pages using Wikidata property P106 (Q20116994)
Tracking: local yes, WD noCategory:Articles with Template:Bio and occupation (politician) not in Wikidata, but available on Wikipedia (Q24047802), Category:Articles with Template:Bio and occupation (actor) not in Wikidata, but available on Wikipedia (Q28858515), Category:Articles with Template:Bio and ocupation (association football player) not in Wikidata, but available on Wikipedia (Q28858517)
See alsoposition held (P39), field of work (P101), base salary (P3618), members have occupation (P3989)
Lists
Proposal discussionProposal discussion
Current uses4,068,234
Search for values
[create] Create a translatable help page (preferably in English) for this property to be included here
Value type “occupation (Q12737077), fictional profession (Q17305127): This property should use items as value that contain property “instance of (P31)”. On these, the value for instance of (P31) should be an item that uses subclass of (P279) with value occupation (Q12737077), fictional profession (Q17305127) (or a subclass thereof). (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Value type Q12737077, Q17305127, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Conflicts with “instance of (P31): Wikimedia permanent duplicate item (Q21286738): this property must not be used with the listed properties and values. (Help)
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Conflicts with P31, hourly updated report, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Conflicts with “occupation (P106): actress (Q21169216): this property must not be used with the listed properties and values. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Conflicts with P106, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
None of actress (Q21169216), Sculptor (Q9286): value must not be any of the specified items. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#none of, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Contemporaries:
if [item A] has this property (occupation (P106)) linked to [item B],
then [item A] and [item B] have to coincide or coexist at some point of history. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist. Known exceptions: Otto Reedtz-Thott (Q12330605), Wilhelm Wedel-Jarlsberg (Q8002342), Wilhelm von Wedel-Piesdorf (Q113128), no label (Q4070023)
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Contemporary, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
One of politician (Q82955), association football player (Q937857), writer (Q36180), actor (Q33999), researcher (Q1650915), painter (Q1028181), journalist (Q1930187), singer (Q177220), university teacher (Q1622272), poet (Q49757): value must be one of the specified items. Please expand list if needed. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#One of, values statistics, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Item “instance of (P31): Items with this property should also have “instance of (P31)”. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Item P31, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Property “instance of (P31)” declared by target items of “occupation (P106): If [item A] has this property with value [item B], [item B] is required to have property “instance of (P31)”. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Target required claim P31, SPARQL, SPARQL (by value), SPARQL (new)
Conflicts with “instance of (P31): Wikimedia disambiguation page (Q4167410): this property must not be used with the listed properties and values. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Conflicts with P31, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)


Value actress (Q21169216) will be automatically replaced to value actor (Q33999).
Testing: TODO list

Value Sculptor (Q9286) will be automatically replaced to value sculptor (Q1281618).
Testing: TODO list

Pictogram voting comment.svg Human having received a prize for the directors but not having a statement occupation (P106) director
(Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item WHERE { VALUES ?awards { wd:Q1540553 wd:Q2111269 wd:Q4671429 wd:Q20002163 wd:Q1377755 wd:Q1390226 wd:Q16157289 wd:Q4806631 wd:Q18907804 wd:Q28836246 wd:Q5942229 wd:Q12808473 wd:Q28861585 wd:Q696972 wd:Q3404979 wd:Q1387050 wd:Q5280710 wd:Q5280671 wd:Q775028 }. ?item wdt:P31 wd:Q5. ?item wdt:P166 ?awards. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P106 wd:Q2526255. }. } ORDER BY ?item
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P106#Human having received a prize for the directors but not having a statement occupation (P106) director
Pictogram voting comment.svg Human having received a prize for the film editor but not having a statement occupation (P106) film editor
(Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item WHERE { VALUES ?awards { wd:Q281939 wd:Q609977 wd:Q28836661 wd:Q16662070 }. ?item wdt:P31 wd:Q5. ?item wdt:P166 ?awards. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P106 wd:Q7042855. }. } ORDER BY ?item
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P106#Human having received a prize for the film editor but not having a statement occupation (P106) film editor
Pictogram voting comment.svg Link to a Wikimedia disambiguation page
(Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item ?occupation WHERE { ?item wdt:P106 ?occupation. ?occupation wdt:P31 wd:Q4167410. }
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P106#Link to a Wikimedia disambiguation page
Pictogram voting comment.svg Too long time
(Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item { ?item p:P106 ?statement. ?statement ps:P106 ?occupation. ?statement pq:P2047 ?duree. FILTER (?duree > 100). ?item wdt:P31 wd:Q5. }
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P106#Too long time
This property is being used by:

Please notify projects that use this property before big changes (renaming, deletion, merge with another property, etc.)

Archived creation discussion[edit]

Occupation / Tätigkeit / Profession[edit]

as "Exploration" as it would for the English Wikipedia (explorer redirects to exploration). A multi-language string is probably a better choice. Espeso (talk) 18:47, 7 February 2013 (UTC)

    • Agreed. -- Ypnypn (talk) 15:50, 8 February 2013 (UTC)
    • Agreed, he property is very important. It should be an item, as proposed. --NaBUru38 (talk) 21:24, 8 February 2013 (UTC)
Note: see also Property:P101 (field of work). SPQRobin (talk) 23:07, 8 February 2013 (UTC)
✓ Done --ThorstenX1 (talk) 11:20, 10 February 2013 (UTC)

Create items?[edit]

It's necessary to create item for all the occupation? --ValterVB (talk) 21:28, 17 February 2013 (UTC)

I think yes. I've started a list here: Wikidata talk:Notability#Occupation. --Kolja21 (talk) 23:20, 17 February 2013 (UTC)

Professional sports people[edit]

If we use this property for professional sports people, we need items for every sport (e.g. football player, volleyball player), but Wikipedia usually has articles for the sports only. The alternative would be to link to the sport, e.g. Occupation: volleyball. How should we solve this problem? --MSchnitzler2000 (talk) 01:18, 19 February 2013 (UTC)

See thread above. --Kolja21 (talk) 03:16, 19 February 2013 (UTC)
The thread above doesn't answer my question. If we create e.g. an item "volleyball player", we don't have Wikipedia articles which we could add to this item because at least in the big Wikipedias en, de, fr, it and es, there is no such article. They only have articles for "volleyball", but not for "volleyball player". --MSchnitzler2000 (talk) 12:36, 19 February 2013 (UTC)
Yes, I was also thinking this. There is articles about for "tennis", but not for "tennis player", so we have little problem. Maybe we should make a different property for sports people. --Stryn (talk) 12:40, 19 February 2013 (UTC)
The problem isn't only for Sport people but for all the occupation --ValterVB (talk) 12:44, 19 February 2013 (UTC)
@MSchnitzler2000: Nochmal auf Deutsch, um die Analogie klar zu machen. Wir haben die Einträge Bildhauerei und Skulptur, aber der Beruf Bildhauer fehlt. Sport ist also kein Sonderfall, sondern es handelt sich um ein generelles Problem. --Kolja21 (talk) 14:35, 19 February 2013 (UTC)
We often have categories for sports person, e.g. en:Category:Fencers. Could it be reasonable to add a category as the property profession? -- Köllner (talk) 16:56, 12 April 2013 (UTC)
you can use sportsperson, and add a qualifier with the concerned sport :) --Hsarrazin (talk) 20:52, 19 January 2016 (UTC)

Field of work as qualifier[edit]

Please, take a look at this discussion here --Viscontino (talk) 10:32, 21 April 2013 (UTC)


"Saint" and "Hermit" ?[edit]

Are "Saint" and "Hermit" occupations, or are thoses "instances of" a person? Both are not professions. Saintity is a quality that is given, often posthumously. Hermit is a denominator for a self-chosen lifestyle. Longbow4u (talk) 09:09, 30 December 2013 (UTC)

Journalist[edit]

I tried to add journalist to Irene Villa but it was not able to work. --LauraHale (talk) 09:42, 24 January 2014 (UTC)

Violations[edit]

I don't understand how there can be 108k violations when the most frequent disallowed value has 300 occurrences. Maybe some of those items are marked as instances of something that is not subclass of anything? Also, what sense does it make that athlete (Q2066131) is subclass of Q13516667? AFAIK that would mean Dejen Gebremeskel (Q1672) is an instance of Q13516667, obviously incorrect; yet it's what seems to be currently checked. --Nemo 09:11, 18 July 2014 (UTC)

Constraint still valid?[edit]

I noticed the following constraint above: "Type "person (Q215627)": element must contain property instance of (P31) with class person (Q215627) or its subclasses (defined using subclass of (P279)) Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist. List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P106#Type Q215627"

Is this still true/valid? Description for Q215627 says: "being, e.g. a human, that has certain capacities or attributes constituting personhood (not for use with "instance of" [P31], instead use "human" [Q5])". So should that constraint rather check for human?  – The preceding unsigned comment was added by Bthfan (talk • contribs).

Masculine, feminine gender for slovenian language[edit]

Is there any way that we also define femine gender for occupation. Slavic languages have different words for occupations performed by female or male. For example, for Adele there should be pevka and kantavtorica instead of pevec (d:Q177220) and kantavtor (d:Q488205)? There is possibility to put this into "Other names" section, but I don't like this because other names are like synonyms and there can be a lot of them. Our Infobox Person now looks unusual for women. --Pinky sl (talk) 15:05, 14 November 2014 (UTC)

Some ideas: label pevec/pevka can be used for items. Infobox can replace it to more concrete term if sex or gender (P21) is specified. — Ivan A. Krestinin (talk) 19:19, 14 November 2014 (UTC)
Maybe a new (or already existing) monolingual string property. --- Jura 19:23, 14 November 2014 (UTC)

I prefer the second idea, because the first one needs additional work with strings, on the other hand it would be easirer to repair just labels for occupation and do some coding. --Pinky sl (talk) 09:30, 16 November 2014 (UTC)

I floated it on Wikidata:Property_proposal/Unsorted#Female_form_of_label_.28string.29. --- Jura 12:39, 18 November 2014 (UTC)
the simplest system is to manage gender words by template on the concerned wikipedia. Doing it in all languages on wikidata is really too complicated. Besides, on wikipedia, there is less risk that somebody who does not know the language will accidentally break it ;) --Hsarrazin (talk) 20:50, 19 January 2016 (UTC)
Let's see where it goes: Help:Female form of label.
--- Jura 10:55, 20 January 2016 (UTC)

Occupation is the subjects dayjob[edit]

Occupation is usually what someone has as a job, that is a regular activity performed for payment. This property is now used for any kind of activity a person has ever done, no matter if (s)he receives a payment for that activity or not. That is wrong, it should only be used to describe the persons job. Jeblad (talk) 14:26, 29 July 2015 (UTC)

Constraint on value type Q13516667 is much to broad, it should be Q268378. Jeblad (talk) 18:23, 29 July 2015 (UTC)
Given the constraint on value type Q13516667 the property could contain such things as «eating», «sexual intercourse», «singing in the rain», … basically it does not make sense. Jeblad (talk) 18:41, 29 July 2015 (UTC)

Use of slave owner (Q20956728) as value[edit]

There is some discussion about it at Topic:Uik5nvr4t1ntj0dx.
--- Jura 00:46, 11 August 2018 (UTC)

Hm, I don't think this is a suitable property for that. Rather, I would suggest using owner of (P1830)/owned by (P127) to link each of the slaveowner/slave items, and use a statement on the slave item to indicate that status (Joice Heth (Q4413239) uses social classification (P3716) enslaved person (Q12773225), which seems to fit), so that it could be queried as such. --Yair rand (talk) 07:50, 20 March 2019 (UTC)