Property talk:P509

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Documentation

cause of death
underlying or immediate cause of death. Underlying cause (e.g. car accident, stomach cancer) preferred. Use 'manner of death' (P1196) for broadest category, e.g. natural causes, accident, homicide, suicide
Representscause of death (Q1931388)
Data typeItem
Template parameter"death_cause" in en:Template:Infobox person - see Template:Infobox person (Q6249834)
Domainperson (Q215627), organism (Q7239), group of living things (Q16334298), character that may be fictional (Q21070598), group of fictional characters (Q14514600) and fictional character (Q95074)
ExampleAlexander Radishchev (Q217470)nitric acid poisoning (Q21639963)
Richard Nixon (Q9588)stroke (Q12202)
Agrafena Saburova (Q4403616)cholera (Q12090)
Theodore Roosevelt (Q33866)coronary thrombosis (Q707774)
Adolf Hitler (Q352)shot to the head (Q15824243)
Heinrich Himmler (Q43067)cyanide poisoning (Q883082)
Adolf Eichmann (Q28085)hanging (Q175111)
Albert Fish (Q507748)electrocution (Q3587621)
John Wayne Gacy (Q298252)lethal injection (Q210035) and congestive heart failure (Q19000661)
Maximilian Kolbe (Q153850)gas chamber (Q205348)
Wilt Chamberlain (Q182455)congestive heart failure (Q19000661)
Lou Gehrig (Q357444)amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Q206901)
Paul Walker (Q213864)traffic collision (Q9687)
Natalie Wood (Q180919)drowning (Q506616)
Jeffrey Dahmer (Q298364)head injury (Q2920572) and blunt trauma (Q770709)
John Lennon (Q1203)ballistic trauma (Q2140674)
Sourceen:Category:Deaths by cause (note: this information should be moved to a property statement; use property source website for the property (P1896))
Robot and gadget jobsDeltaBot does the following jobs:
Tracking: sameno label (Q42533437)
Tracking: usageCategory:Pages using Wikidata property P509 (Q22913695)
See alsomanner of death (P1196), military casualty classification (P1347)
Lists
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  • Count of items by number of sitelinks (chart)
  • Items with the most identifier properties
  • Items with no other statements
  • Items with novalue claims
  • Items with unknown value claims
  • Usage history
  • Database reports/Constraint violations/P509
  • Proposal discussionProposal discussion
    Current uses89,688
    Search for values
    [create] Create a translatable help page (preferably in English) for this property to be included here
    Single value: this property generally contains a single value. (Help)
    Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
    List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P509#Single value, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
    Item “sex or gender (P21): Items with this property should also have “sex or gender (P21)”. (Help)
    Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
    List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P509#Item P21, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
    Item “date of death (P570): Items with this property should also have “date of death (P570)”. (Help)
    Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
    List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P509#Item P570, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
    Item “date of birth (P569): Items with this property should also have “date of birth (P569)”. (Help)
    Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
    List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P509#Item P569, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
    None of suicide (Q10737), homicide (Q149086), pending investigation (Q15729048), accident (Q171558), natural causes (Q3739104), capital punishment (Q8454), murder (Q132821): value must not be any of the specified items. (Help)
    Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
    List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P509#none of, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
    Value electric chair (Q185639) will be automatically replaced to value electrocution (Q3587621).
    Testing: TODO list

    Value suicide by hanging (Q7883956) will be automatically replaced to value hanging (Q175111).
    Testing: TODO list

    Value natural causes (Q3739104) will be automatically replaced to value natural causes (Q3739104) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    Value accident (Q171558) will be automatically replaced to value accident (Q171558) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    Value suicide (Q10737) will be automatically replaced to value suicide (Q10737) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    Value homicide (Q149086) will be automatically replaced to value homicide (Q149086) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    Value pending investigation (Q15729048) will be automatically replaced to value pending investigation (Q15729048) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    Value capital punishment (Q8454) will be automatically replaced to value capital punishment (Q8454) and moved to manner of death (P1196) property.
    Testing: TODO list

    If property value equals to cancer (Q12078) then claim manner of death (P1196) = natural causes (Q3739104) will be created automatically.
    Testing: TODO list

    If property value equals to myocardial infarction (Q12152) then claim manner of death (P1196) = natural causes (Q3739104) will be created automatically.
    Testing: TODO list


    This property is being used by:

    Please notify projects that use this property before big changes (renaming, deletion, merge with another property, etc.)

    Property proposal discussions[edit]

    Values[edit]

    Currently the property combines a few different concepts in my opinion. That means that we potentially can increase the data structure. Some subgroups I noticed are:

    • Diseases
    • Life ending methods (e.g. decapitation, stoning)
    • Circumstances of death (e.g. accident, assassination, plane crash, duel)
    • Life ending tools (e.g. shell (Q318028), land mine)

    We could also add the details into the qualifier:

    • Cause of death: murder
    • circumstance of death: robbery
    • life ending device: gun
    • life ending trauma: gunshot wound

    or

    • Cause of death: disease
    • circumstance of death: contracted disease
    • disease: malaria
    • life ending trauma: multiple organ failure

    Examples are not well thought out, but its just something to think about for the future. --Tobias1984 (talk) 13:22, 2 December 2013 (UTC)

    @Emw: Can you take a look at this the next time you have time? --Tobias1984 (talk) 15:40, 21 January 2014 (UTC)
    I agree, this one has become messy. Murder is not a cause of death. There's some causes on this page: List of causes of death by rate. A new property such as circumstances of death may be useful for claiming some on was murdered, etc. Danrok (talk) 01:25, 4 February 2014 (UTC)
    @Danrok, Emw: I think Emw would suggest that the new property should be independent (and not a qualifier as in my example above). --Tobias1984 (talk) 12:27, 4 February 2014 (UTC)
    @Tobias1984, Emw: Proposal here: Wikidata:Property_proposal/Person#circumstances_of_death. Danrok (talk) 17:27, 5 February 2014 (UTC)

    Single value?[edit]

    It is quite common that a death has several causes, see for example Henrik Ibsen. Jeblad (talk) 10:07, 24 July 2015 (UTC)

    Some improvements[edit]

    I propose to change

    subject > cause of death (P509) View with SQID < execution by firing squad (Q216169) View with Reasonator View with SQID >

    with

    subject > cause of death (P509) View with SQID < ballistic trauma (Q2140674) View with Reasonator View with SQID >

    (may be to add something about Q216169 (manner of death (P1196)?). And I feel that values Armenian Genocide (Q80034), 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash (Q131311) should be changed somehow but I can't propose with what. --Infovarius (talk) 07:30, 19 June 2018 (UTC)

    Date of birth necessary?[edit]

    It says "An entity with cause of death should also have a statement date of birth." Why? This means that a person of who the date of birth is unknown, which isn't uncommon for persons who lived in the Middle Ages, cannot have a cause of death? Weird... --HRvO (talk) 09:53, 19 August 2018 (UTC)

    @HRvO: I'm not sure why that would be specified. It might mean that it's preferable, but not mandatory. - Bossanoven ( talk) 11:46, 19 August 2018 (UTC)
    I'm also getting this warning, while editing the item for a person whose date of birth is unknown. Date of birth is unrelated to cause of death. This should not be a constraint. --Infomuse (talk) 01:54, 18 November 2018 (UTC)