Wikidata:WikiProject Names/Properties

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Person[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
given nameP735Itemgiven name: first name or another given name of this person; values used with the property shouldn't link disambiguations nor family names.George Washington <given name> George-
family nameP734Itemfamily name and by surname: part of full name of personJack Bauer <family name> Bauer-
pseudonymP742Stringpseudonym: alias used by someone (for nickname use P1449)Bud Spencer <pseudonym> Bud Spencer-
nicknameP1449Monolingual textnickname: informal name (for a pseudonym use P742)Knut Johannesen <nickname> Kupper'n-
birth nameP1477Monolingual textname at birth: full name of a person at birth, if different from their current, generally used name (samples: John Peter Doe for Joe Doe, Ann Smith for Ann Miller)John Paul II <birth name> Karol Józef Wojtyła-
name in native languageP1559Monolingual textname: name of a person in their native language. Could be displayed in addition to the label, if language has a different scriptAlbert Einstein <name in native language> Albert Einstein-
married nameP2562Monolingual textmarried name: name or surname adopted by a person upon marriageHillary Clinton <married name> Hillary Rodham Clinton-
religious nameP1635Monolingual textreligious name: name taken or used as a member of a religious communityProperty talk:P1635-
courtesy nameP1782Stringcourtesy name: name bestowed upon a person at adulthood in addition to one's given name, mostly in East AsiaProperty talk:P1782-
temple nameP1785Stringtemple name: name bestowed to a monarch after death (East Asia)Emperor Gaozu of Han <temple name> 太祖-
posthumous nameP1786Stringposthumous name: name given to a person after death (East Asia)Jiajing Emperor <posthumous name> 欽天履道英毅聖神宣文廣武洪仁大孝肅皇帝-
art-nameP1787Stringart-name: type of pseudonym of modern and historical artists as well as specifically traditionally adopted by writers and artists in East AsiaProperty talk:P1787-
second family name in Spanish nameP1950Itemhas this second Spanish family name and by surname: second (generally maternal) family name in Spanish names (do not use for other double barrelled names)Gabriel García Márquez <second family name in Spanish name> Márquez-
Roman praenomenP2358Itempraenomen: standard part of the name of a Roman, link to items for specific Roman praenomen only.Marcus Annius Verus <Roman praenomen> Marcus-
Roman nomen gentiliciumP2359Itemnomen: standard part of the name of a Roman, link to items about the Roman gens onlyMarcus Annius Verus <Roman nomen gentilicium> Annius-
Roman cognomenP2365Itemcognomen: standard part of the name of a Roman, link to items about specific Roman cognomen only.Marcus Annius Verus <Roman cognomen> Verus-
Roman agnomenP2366Itemagnomen: optional part of the name of a Roman, link to items about specific Roman agnomen only.Scipio Africanus <Roman agnomen> Africanus-

Qualifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
series ordinalP1545Stringordinal number: position of an item in its parent series (1-based index), generally to be used as a qualifier. Different from "rank"Ben Whishaw <given name> John
<series ordinal> 2
-
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberEleanor Laing <family name> Laing
<instance of> married name
-
pinyin transliterationP1721StringPinyin: hanyu pinyin transliteration of a Mandarin Chinese text (usually to be used as a qualifier)Nalan Xingde <courtesy name> 容若
<pinyin transliteration> rongruo
-
name in kanaP1814Stringkana and Furigana: the reading of a Japanese name in kanaJapan <name in kana> にっぽん and にほん-
McCune-Reischauer romanizationP1942StringMcCune–Reischauer: romanization system for KoreanPark Geun-hye <McCune-Reischauer romanization> Pak Kŭnhye-
Revised RomanizationP2001StringRevised Romanization of Korean: romanisation following the Revised Romanisation of the Korean languageRevised Romanization of Korean <Revised Romanization> Gugeoui Romaja Pyogibeop-
Revised Hepburn romanizationP2125StringHepburn romanization: romanized Japanese following the Revised Hepburn romanization systemTokyo <Revised Hepburn romanization> Tōkyō-to-
ISO 9:1995P2183StringISO 9: the Latin transliteration of Cyrillic text (used as qualifier)Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky <ISO 9:1995> Pëtr Ilʹič Čajkovskij-

Name[edit]

"Name" elements are about several things: generally about both a given name and a surname, but they can also group linguistic variants, etc. Those items only exist to host the sitelinks; they should not be used as values for given name (P735) etc.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberJean <instance of> name-
has partP527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: part of this subject; inverse property of "part of" (P361). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670).Jean <has part> Jeanpart of
language of work or nameP407Itemlanguage: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use "native language" (P103) and "languages spoken, written or signed" (P1412))Bible <language of work or name> Biblical Hebrew, Aramaic and Koine Greek-
different fromP1889Itemdifference: item that is different from another item, with which it is often confusedJean <different from> Jean-
said to be the same asP460ItemWikimedia duplicated page: this item is said to be the same as that item, but the statement is disputedJean <said to be the same as> Jehan-


Given name[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: correct possible values: given name (Q202444), female given name (Q11879590), male given name (Q12308941), unisex name (Q3409032), Q3409027Jean <instance of> male given name-
native labelP1705Monolingual textnative label: label for item in its official or original languageJean <native label> Jean-
writing systemP282Itemwriting system: alphabet, character set or other system of writing used by a language, supported by a typefaceJean <writing system> Latin script-
transliterationP2440Stringtransliteration: conversion of text to alternate script (use as a qualifier for monolingual text statements; please use specific property if possible)Property talk:P2440-
family name identical to this given nameP1533Itemlast name that is the same as a given first name. Use on items for given namesJean <family name identical to this given name> Jean-
given name version for other genderP1560Itemequivalent name (with respect to the meaning of the name) in the same language: female version of a male first name, male version of a female first name. Add primarily the closest matching oneJean <given name version for other gender> Jeannegiven name version for other gender
opposite ofP461Itemopposite and antonym: given name with same exact string but another gender in different languagesJean <opposite of> Jeanopposite of
patronym or matronym for this nameP2976Itempatronymic: patronym or matronym based on this given nameJohan <patronym or matronym for this name> Johansson-
Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources entryP1888External identifierDictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources: entry in the Dictionary of Medieval Names from European SourcesAndrew <Dictionary of Medieval Names from European Sources entry> Andrew-
part ofP361Itempart: only when a generic "name" item existsJean <part of> Jeanhas part
has partP527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: only for compound given namesMarie-Thérèse <has part> Thérèsepart of
different fromP1889Itemdifference: item that is different from another item, with which it is often confusedJean <different from> Jean-
said to be the same asP460ItemWikimedia duplicated page: this item is said to be the same as that item, but the statement is disputedJean <said to be the same as> John-
pronunciation audioP443Commons media filepronunciation: audio file with pronunciationAnna <pronunciation audio> Pl-Anna.ogg-
IPA transcriptionP898StringInternational Phonetic Alphabet: transcription in the International Phonetic AlphabetAnna <IPA transcription> ˈãnːa-
name dayP1750Itemname day: day of the year associated with a first/given name. A qualifier should be used to identify the calendar that is being used. Distinguish from "feast day" (P:P841)Anna <name day> July 26-
Commons categoryP373StringCommons category: name of the Wikimedia Commons category containing files related to this item (without the prefix "Category:")Anna <Commons category> Anna (given name)-

Qualifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
series ordinalP1545Stringordinal number: position of an item in its parent series (1-based index), generally to be used as a qualifier. Different from "rank"Marie-Thérèse <has part> Thérèse
<series ordinal> 2
-
criterion usedP1013Itemcriterion: property by which a distinction or classification is madeJean <different from> Jean
<criterion used> given name has to use a different item than disambiguation pages
-
criterion usedP1013Itemcriterion: property by which a distinction or classification is madeJean <opposite of> Jean
<criterion used> given name used for females or males compared to the same used for the other gender
-
language of work or nameP407Itemlanguage: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use "native language" (P103) and "languages spoken, written or signed" (P1412))Anna <transliteration> Анна
<language of work or name> Russian
-
name in kanaP1814Stringkana and Furigana: the reading of a Japanese name in kanaJapan <name in kana> にっぽん and にほん-

Family name[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberHansen <instance of> family name-
native labelP1705Monolingual textnative label: label for item in its official or original languageHansen <native label> Hansen-
writing systemP282Itemwriting system: alphabet, character set or other system of writing used by a language, supported by a typefaceHansen <writing system> Latin script-
language of work or nameP407Itemlanguage: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use "native language" (P103) and "languages spoken, written or signed" (P1412))Hansen <language of work or name> Danish-
said to be the same asP460ItemWikimedia duplicated page: this item is said to be the same as that item, but the statement is disputedHansen <said to be the same as> variation of surname-
different fromP1889Itemdifference: item that is different from another item, with which it is often confusedHansen <different from> Hansen-
has listP2354ItemWikimedia list article: Wikimedia list related to this subjectHansen <has list> list of people with family name Hansenis a list of
part ofP361Itempart: only when a generic "name" item existsJean <part of> Jeanhas part
transliterationP2440Stringtransliteration: conversion of text to alternate script (use as a qualifier for monolingual text statements; please use specific property if possible)Property talk:P2440-
pronunciation audioP443Commons media filepronunciation: audio file with pronunciationSão Paulo <pronunciation audio> Br-SaoPaulo.ogg-
IPA transcriptionP898StringInternational Phonetic Alphabet: transcription in the International Phonetic AlphabetApache <IPA transcription> əˈpætʃiː-
SoundexP3878StringSoundex: phonetic algorithm for indexing names by sound, as pronounced in English. Format: initial of word followed by 3 digits (0–6)Hansen <Soundex> "P3878%3D$1" Q1502023-
Géopatronyme IDP3370External identifierGéopatronyme: identifier of a family name in the Géopatronyme databasePetiot <Géopatronyme ID> PETIOT-

Qualifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
criterion usedP1013Itemcriterion: property by which a distinction or classification is made
<criterion used> family name has to use a different item than disambiguation pages
-
criterion usedP1013Itemcriterion: property by which a distinction or classification is madeHansen <said to be the same as> Hanssen
<criterion used> variation of surname
-
language of work or nameP407Itemlanguage: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use "native language" (P103) and "languages spoken, written or signed" (P1412))Jean <transliteration> Джин
<language of work or name> Russian
-
name in kanaP1814Stringkana and Furigana: the reading of a Japanese name in kanaJapan <name in kana> にっぽん and にほん-
gender inflection of surnameP5278Itemsurname version for other genderBlažek <gender inflection of surname> Blažková-

See also[edit]

Other properties that may be relevant.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
named afterP138Itemeponym and memorial society: entity or event that inspired the subject's name, or namesake (in at least one language). Qualifier "applies to name" (P5168) can be used to indicate which oneCamembert <named after> Camembert-
official nameP1448Monolingual textofficial name: official name of the subject in its official language(s)Germany <official name> Bundesrepublik Deutschland-
demonymP1549Monolingual textdemonym: demonym (proper noun) for people or things associated with a given place, usually based off the placename; multiple entries with qualifiers to distinguish are used to list variant forms by reason of grammatical gender or plurality.Mexico <demonym> Mexicain, Mexikaner, meksikano and Mexicaan-
short nameP1813Monolingual textabbreviation: short name of a place, organisation, person etc.Adair County <short name> Adair-
name in kanaP1814Stringkana and Furigana: the reading of a Japanese name in kanaJapan <name in kana> にっぽん and にほん-
nameP2561Monolingual textname and personal name: name the subject is known by. If a more specific property is available, use thatGiuseppe Garibaldi <name> Giuseppe-
honorific prefixP511Itemhonorific and title of honor: word or expression used before a name, in addressing or referring to a personArthur Conan Doyle <honorific prefix> Sir-
noble titleP97Itemnoble title: titles held by the personBaron Sandhurst <noble title> baron-

CAUTION! family (P53) should link to a family item and never to a family name one. Example: Victor Hugo (Q535) family (P53) Hugo family (Q24929958) but Victor Hugo (Q535) family name (P734) Hugo (Q14626498)