Property talk:P20

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Documentation

place of death
most specific known (e.g. city instead of country, or hospital instead of city) death location of a person, animal or fictional character
DescriptionPlace where a person died
Representsplace of death (Q18658526)
Data typeItem
Template parameter|death_place= in en:Template:Infobox person
Domainperson (Q215627), organism (Q7239), abstract being (Q15619164), fictional character (Q95074), mythical character (Q4271324), human who may be fictional (Q21070568), legendary figure (Q13002315) and fictional organism (Q30017383)
Allowed valuesplace (note: this should be moved to the property statements)
Usage notes가장 구체적인 장소만 값으로 기재합니다. 즉, 사망한 도시만 알려졌으면 해당 도시 항목을 입력하지만, 사망한 병원이나 장소도 알려졌으면 도시 대신 해당 병원/장소 항목을 값으로 입력합니다.
Només es mostren els llocs més específics. En altres paraules, si només es coneix la ciutat morta, ingressa a l'entrada de la ciutat, però si es coneix l'hospital o lloc de mort, introduïu l'entrada corresponent hospital / lloc com a valor en lloc de ciutat.
Indícase o lugar máis específico coñecido. Se só se coñece a cidade ou vila, ponse esta. Pero se se sabe o hospital, por exemplo, ponse o hospital no canto da cidade.
Ange församling/distrikt om möjligt där personen dör eller finns i kyrkböckerna
ExampleRené Descartes (Q9191)Stockholm (Q1754)
Sung Jae-gi (Q4688112)Mapo Bridge (Q624409)
Richard Dürr (Q2002681)Lausanne University Hospital (Q2945783)
Captain Nemo (Q1046049)Pacific Ocean (Q98)
Tracking: sameno label (Q42533342)
Tracking: usageCategory:Pages using Wikidata property P20 (Q20116963)
Tracking: local yes, WD noCategory:Articles with Template:Bio and place of death (LuogoMorteLink) not in Wikidata, but available on Wikipedia (Q23981596), Category:Articles with Template:Bio and place of death (LuogoMorte) not in Wikidata, but available on Wikipedia (Q23981595), no label (Q32764771)
See alsodate of death (P570), place of burial (P119), place of birth (P19)
Lists
Proposal discussionProposal discussion
Current uses
Total1,011,747distinct valuesratio
Main statement998,05298.6% of uses98,12810.2
Qualifier13,6191.3% of uses
Reference76<0.1% of uses
Search for values
[create Create a translatable help page (preferably in English) for this property to be included here]
Item “date of death (P570): Items with this property should also have “date of death (P570)”. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P20#Item P570, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Contemporaries:
if [item A] has this property (place of death (P20)) linked to [item B],
then [item A] and [item B] have to coincide or coexist at some point of history. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P20#Contemporary, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Item “sex or gender (P21): Items with this property should also have “sex or gender (P21)”. (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P20#Item P21, search, SPARQL, SPARQL (new)
Single best value: this property generally contains a single value. If there are several, one would have preferred rank (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P20#single best value, SPARQL (new)
Citation needed: the property must have at least one reference (Help)
Exceptions are possible as rare values may exist.
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Constraint violations/P20#citation needed, SPARQL (new)
Pictogram voting comment.svg Items with P20 = "no value" (P31=Q5)
People die somewhere (Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item WHERE { ?item p:P20/a wdno:P20 ; wdt:P31 wd:Q5 } LIMIT 100
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P20#Items with P20 = "no value" (P31=Q5)
Pictogram voting comment.svg Dead in jail, with data missing
(Help)
Violations query: SELECT ?item { ?item wdt:P20 ?locationDead. ?locationDead wdt:P31 wd:Q40357. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P2632 [] }. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P1196 [] }. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P106 [] }. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P1399 [] }. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P119 [] }. FILTER NOT EXISTS { ?item wdt:P570 [] }. }
List of this constraint violations: Database reports/Complex constraint violations/P20#Dead in jail, with data missing
This property is being used by:

Please notify projects that use this property before big changes (renaming, deletion, merge with another property, etc.)

Is this useful?[edit]

I appreciate that this is the fact that appears on a death certificate, but does it really tell us anything? For example, someone meeting their demise on a day trip to Spain - (Born:London, Died:Torremolinos). Their data now suggests they had emigrated!? There is nothing in place for "residence at time of death". Periglio (talk) 10:11, 24 January 2015 (UTC)

It is useful for disambiguation. Many sources keep track of dates and places of birth and death, so when matching people it is good to know. --Jarekt (talk) 20:28, 15 May 2017 (UTC)

added street address (DEPRECATED) (P969) as an allowed qualifier[edit]

... to let people know of this additional qualifier.  — billinghurst sDrewth 00:53, 16 October 2017 (UTC)

I've also added coordinate location (P625) as a permitted qualifier - we occasionally know where someone died by coordinates rather than a formal address (particularly if it was at sea). Example at John Gane (Q26218387). Andrew Gray (talk) 14:10, 27 December 2017 (UTC)

Death of person/item about person[edit]

Please see Property_talk:P3342#Link_"death_of_(person)"_to_item_about_(person).
--- Jura 12:12, 6 March 2018 (UTC)

Too narrow[edit]

I've edited Cesare Bossi (Q15079873). He died while in prison, but P20 doesn't like that. People can die anywhere: in an elevator in a department store, while conducting an orchestra in a concert hall, while performing on stage. Thus I think P20 has to allow for a much broader interpretation of place of death. - Kosboot (talk) 15:44, 18 July 2019 (UTC)

Place/Location of death[edit]

Thanks to all for recognizing my previous query and revising the property that now allows that one can die in all sorts of places. But now I'm wondering does the property need a specific geographic location? In the case above, Bossi died in King's Bench Prison which was located in London. Does there also need to be a property "geographic location of death", or does the specific building function also as a geographic locator? - Kosboot (talk) 13:51, 17 June 2020 (UTC)

This property is intended to be some specific geographic location. I don't think we can use it like for "prison". Where is concensus for this? Probably some qualifier would be better, or a new property. --Infovarius (talk) 01:10, 21 July 2020 (UTC)