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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Statements and the translation is 64% complete.

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In Wikidata, a concept, topic, or object is represented by an item. Each item is accorded its own page. A statement is how the information we know about an item—the data we have about it—gets recorded in Wikidata. This happens by pairing a property with at least one value; this pair is at the heart of a statement. Statements can also be expanded on, annotated, or contextualized with additional values, as well as optional qualifiers, references, and ranks. Statements also serve to connect items to each other, resulting in a linked data structure.

Language Item Property Nilai
Inggeris Marie Curie occupation physicist
Jerman Marie Curie Tätigkeit Physiker
Perancis Marie Curie occupation physicien
Poland Maria Skłodowska-Curie zajęcie fizyk
Bahasa Melayu Marie Curie pekerjaan Ahli fizik
  Q7186 P106 Q169470


In order to include information about the occupation of Marie Curie in Wikidata, you would need to add a statement to the item for Marie Curie, Marie Curie (Q7186). Using the property, occupation (P106), you could then add the value physicist (Q169470). You could also add the value chemist (Q593644). Note how both chemist and physicist have their own pages in Wikidata, thereby allowing Marie Curie to be linked to these items.

Prinsip-prinsip umum bebas bahasa

Gambaran keseluruhan pernyataan Wikidata
contoh pernyataan ringkas yang mengandungi satu pasangan nilai sifat
contoh pernyataan ringkas yang mengandungi berbilang nilai untuk satu sifat
contoh pernyataan Wikidata kuat yang mengandungi satu pasangan nilai sifat, penerang dan rujukan

Suatu pernyataan mengandungi satu pasangan nilai sifat, contohnya, "lokasi: Jerman."

The property in a statement describes the data value, and can be thought of as a category of data like "color", "population," or "Commons media" (files hosted on Wikimedia Commons). The value in the statement is the actual piece of data that describes the item.

Statements can also be expanded upon, annotated, or contextualized with the addition of optional qualifiers, references, and ranks. The core part of a statement without references and ranks is also called claim. A claim without qualifiers is also referred to as snak.


Each property in Wikidata is assigned a pre-defined data type which restricts what can be added as its value. For example, only other items can be added as a value for the property "color", only numbers can be added for the property "population," and only multimedia files viewable on Wikimedia Commons can be added for the property "Commons media."

Untuk maklumat lanjut bagaimana hendak menggunakan sifat, sila lihat Wikidata:Properties.


Berbilang nilai

If an item by nature can have properties with multiple values (like children of a person or official languages of a country), it is perfectly acceptable to add them.

If on the other hand an item ideally should have only one value (like the population of a city) but has multiple values (for example, because different sources report different numbers), all values may be added and additional qualifiers should be used. Qualifiers are used to further describe or refine the value of a property given in a statement. Please see Help:Qualifiers for more information.

Tidak diketahui atau tiada nilai

There are times when an item has either no value or an unknown value for a given property. Depending on the property, these data values still provide important information about an item and should still be recorded in Wikidata. For example, we could say that Elizabeth I of England (Q7207) had no value for the child (P40) property, which is quite different than not recording anything at all. We could also say that William Shakespeare (Q692) has an unknown value for the date of birth (P569) property.

The majority of values in Wikidata will be custom values, and are entered in the usual fashion. Unknown values and no values are added to statements by clicking on the icon beside the value field that looks like this Wikidata snak icon.png.

Nilai kuantitatif

When adding quantitative values the following constraints should be noted. The largest positive integer number that Wikidata allows is 9e124+-0 and the largest negative number -9e124+-0. For floats one additional decimal place is supported 9,9e124+-0, but 9,91e124+-0 is not possible. The smallest positive and negative numbers are 1e-124+-0 and -1e-124+-0. For floats the exponent can only be 123 making this the smallest positive and negative floats: 1.0e-123+-0 and -1.0e-123+-0 (Note that the zero will be preserved as an indicator of the precision of the value. Compare this to entering 1e-123+-0).

Tambahkan hanya maklumat yang boleh disahkan

Wikidata is not a database that stores facts about the world, but a secondary knowledge base that collects and links to references to such knowledge. This means that Wikidata does not state what the population of Germany actually is; it simply provides the information on what the population of Germany is according to a specific source, such as the The World Factbook (Q11191) CIA World Factbook.

As such, most statements should be verifiable by referenceable sources of information like a book, scientific publication, or newspaper article. In Wikidata, references are used to point to specific sources that back up the data provided in a statement. For more information, please see Help:Sources.

Kemajmukan dan sepersetujuan

Because statements essentially point to referenceable sources of information and different sources may provide contradicting information, it's possible to represent a plurality of perspectives on Wikidata.

In case of disputes, community consensus determines the value of a property, however other points of views can be added as additional values as long as they include a source and appropriate qualifiers. Ranks can also be used; if a consensus exists, it should be indicated by a preferred rank. For more information on ranks, please see Help:Ranking.

Please note that disputes should be discussed on the item's discussion page. Edit warring over values is not acceptable.

Penyahtaksaan dan laman Wikimedia bukan item yang lain

When a Wikidata item refers to a Wikimedia page itself rather than to the subject of the Wikimedia page, the instance of (P31) property should be used to identify the type of page. This includes Category, Template and other pages outside the main namespace.

All disambiguation page items should have the statement 'instance of (P31) Wikimedia disambiguation page (Q4167410)'.


item: Madonna (Q1564372)
contoh: Wikimedia disambiguation page (Q4167410)
item: list of lighthouses in Iceland (Q3253135)
contoh: Wikimedia list article (Q13406463)

Where a Wikipedia page covers more than one concept, object or thing use 'has part (P527)' to link to separate Wikidata pages for each of the individual concepts, objects or things.

Kriteria pengecualian

Pernyataan Wikidata perlulah disokong oleh sumber dan mengandungi rujukan neutral yang dipercayai.

Jenis maklumat yang berikut tidak boleh ditambahkan sebagai pernyataan Wikidata:

Order of statements

The displayed order of statements and qualifiers should not have any meaning; they are only ordered based on the date that each statement was added. Ranking or numbering is represented with qualifiers such as series ordinal (P1545), ranking (P1352) and point in time (P585). However, if properties are listed in MediaWiki:Wikibase-SortedProperties, they are sorted according to their order on that page, with all properties not listed sorted by date added.

Menambah pernyataan

Statements are added to an item page—in this case, for Marcel Bouix (Q16775650)—in the following way:

Tatal ke bawah ke bahagian Pernyataan
Klik pada "tambah" di bahagian paling bawah pernyataan yang lain
Pada medan sifat baru yang muncul, taipkan sifat yang diinginkan
Pilih sifat daripada pilihan yang muncul daripada cadangan yang dipaparkan
Dalam medan baru yang muncul di sebelah kanan sifat, sila taipkan nilai yang diinginkan. Apabila sudah selesai, klik "simpan"
Pernyataan akhir akan muncul seperti ini. Untuk mengubah atau menghapuskannya, klik "sunting"

Untuk menambah penerang, sumber atau kedudukan, sila lihat pendokumenan bantuan yang disenaraikan di bawah laman.

Lihat juga

Untuk laman Bantuan yang berkaitan, lihat:

  • Help:Properties, yang menerangkan apakah itu sifat dan peraturan apakah yang ia ikuti
  • Help:Sumber, yang menerangkan apakah itu sumber dan peraturan apakah yang ia ikuti
  • Help:Penerang, yang menerangkan apakah itu penerang dan peraturan apakah yang ia ikuti
  • Help:Penarafan, yang menerangkan apakah itu penarafan dan peraturan apakah yang ia ikuti
  • Help:QuickStatements, yang menerangkan cara menambah pernyataan secara kelompok dengan menggunakan alat QuickStatements

Untuk maklumat dan panduan tambahan, lihat:

  • Project chat, for discussing all and any aspects of Wikidata
  • Wikidata:Glossary, the glossary of terms used in this and other Help pages
  • Help:FAQ, frequently asked questions asked and answered by the Wikidata community
  • Help:Contents, the Help portal featuring all the documentation available for Wikidata