Викиданные:Поделиться данными

From Wikidata
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Data donation and the translation is 49% complete.

Поделиться данными
Эта страница написана для тех учреждений, компаний, организаций и частных лиц, заинтересованных в добавлении в Викиданные своих коллекций данных.
Other languages:
العربية • ‎català • ‎čeština • ‎dansk • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎español • ‎فارسی • ‎suomi • ‎français • ‎Հայերեն • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어 • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎नेपाली • ‎Nederlands • ‎occitan • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский • ‎svenska • ‎тоҷикӣ • ‎ไทย • ‎українська • ‎中文


О Викиданных

Как поделиться данными с Викиданными (с русскими субтитрами)
Схема связи данных для элемента Сан-Франциско

Wikidata is a multilingual free knowledge base about the world that can be read and edited by humans and machines alike. It provides data in all the languages of the Wikimedia projects, and allows for the central access to data in a similar vein as Wikimedia Commons does for multimedia files, it is also used by many other websites. The data on Wikidata is added by a community of volunteers both manually and by using software, much like other Wikimedia projects including Wikipedia.

Wikidata has millions of items, each representing things like a person, a place, an artwork, an abstract concept, or some other type of entity. Each item has statements (key-value pairs), each statement in turn consisting of a property such as "birth date", and the appropriate value for the item. Properties have their own pages on Wikidata and are connected to items, resulting in a linked data structure. There can also be statements for external identifiers, such as a VIAF IDs.

Wikidata is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a nonprofit charitable organization dedicated to encouraging the growth, development and distribution of free, multilingual, educational content, and to providing the full content of these wiki-based projects to the public free of charge.

Что за данные мы храним


Wikidata focuses on a basic level of useful information about the world and links to other resources for specialized data on the subject. Sources for data on Wikidata must be:

  • Reliable
  • Publicly available

The best way to find out which parts of your data is suitable for Wikidata is to contact the Wikidata community.

Для чего добавлять данные к Викиданным

Существует много причин для того, чтобы добавить информацию в Викиданные, включая:


Помочь большему числу людей увидеть вашу информацию

Сведения из Викиданных используются множеством сайтов с высоким уровнем посещения, включая Википедию — один из наиболее используемых сайтов в мире с более чем 15 миллиардами просмотров страниц в месяц.


Улучшить открытые знания

Wikidata hosts data that can be used on Wikimedia projects and beyond. By adding data to Wikidata you create a framework and checklist to help your topic to be well covered and up to date in all Wikimedia projects in many languages.


Увеличить посещаемость вашего сайта

Anyone looking at Wikidata or other sites that use Wikidata including Wikipedia can see a clickable reference link for the source of the data, making it easy to visit your website.


Сделать ваши данные более удобными для вас и для других

Under Tim Berners-Lee's (the inventor of the World Wide Web) 5-star Open Data plan, making your data available as a spreadsheet is rated as 2 stars, but adding it to Wikidata will rate it as 5 stars, allowing it to benefit from the network effect. By adding data to Wikidata it becomes more useful, you can:

  • Combine it with other data
  • Use Wikidata tools to explore the data
  • Visualise your data along with data from other sources

Организации, которые уже работают с Викиданными


Примеры сотрудничества

Many organisations are choosing to work with Wikidata. Case studies are available on the following projects:


Организации, чьи наборы данных уже были добавлены в Викиданные

Data from many organisations have been added to Wikidata. These include:

  • Art UK (formerly known as BBC: Your Paintings)
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France: IDs, references and biographical data
  • British Museum: Thesaurus
  • Национальная библиотека Австралии: идентификатор людей
  • Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie: биографии артистов.
  • UNESCO: Programme inscriptions eg. World Heritage Sites
  • National Nuclear Data Center: Nuclide stability, natural abundance, decays and half life

Викиданные и авторские права

Copyright symbol 9.gif

An overview of open data and data licensing is available at Wikidata:Open data publishing.

All data on Wikidata is released under Creative Commons CC0 (public domain). However individual facts and identifiers, such as numbers and IDs are not copyrightable. If you are an institution based in Europe, the whole of your ID list may be under database copyright, but we would not be copying the entire list in bulk; rather, volunteers add most of them individually, one at a time. For more information please see the Wikimedia Foundation’s guidance on database rights.

Every database is different. To define whether your organisation would need to make a license change on your data or if the section of data you would like to make available does not fall under copyright please contact the Wikidata community.

Повторное использование и комбинирование данных из Викиданных

There are many tools to manipulate data on Wikidata, for a full list see the Wikidata external tools and the Tools Directory.


Повторное использование данных

Получить доступ к информации Викиданных очень просто. Данные могут быть повторно использованы в проектах Викимедиа и за их пределами, что даёт возможность создать великолепные приложения.

Вы можете использовать такие данные, как перевёденные имена, даты и места рождения/смерти, бесплатные изображения, и всё остальное, что только можете вообразить.


Сопоставление ваших данных с другими наборами данных

Many tools exist to augment or cross-check your data with data from other sources. One example is BEACON which can give you a list of your IDs matched against any other we have for the same items, e.g Art UK artists against VIAF. Mix'n'match and OpenRefine can be used to create connections between your database and Wikidata.



Several tools exist to visualise Wikidata data including:

  • Histropedia: uses data from Wikipedia and Wikidata to automatically generate interactive timelines with events linked to Wikipedia articles. Example: The Apollo missions
  • Monumental: a tool that allows you to explore built heritage and learn more about monuments by collating information Wikidata, Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons. Example: Paris
  • Wikidata Graph Builder: uses data from Wikidata to create graphs of concepts and their related concepts.
  • Wikidata Query Service: A service that offers the ability to run complex queries on items in Wikidata, and related tools e.g. World Heritage sites

Как добавить данные к Викиданным

The process of adding Wikidata can be technically challenging but the Wikidata community is very happy to discuss with you the best approach and offer assistance where needed. The basic process is:

  1. Contact the Wikidata community describing what data you have and would like to include in Wikidata.
  2. Decide with the Wikidata community what data is suitable to import.
  3. Work with the Wikidata community to import the data

1. Свяжитесь с сообществом Викиданных

Wikimedia Community Logo.svg

There is a central noticeboard for contacting the Wikidata community called Project chat.

  1. Create your own Wikimedia account (do not use the name of an organisation in the title).
  2. Make sure you are logged in
  3. Go to the Project chat page.
  4. Click the blue Start a new discussion button.
  5. Write a message and make sure to include a title in the title line.
  6. Sign the message by writing ~~~~ at the end of your message.
  7. Click Show preview underneath your message to make sure your message has been written correctly, you will see that your username has appeared where the ~~~~ were added.
  8. Click Save page to post the message.

Users will either reply to your message on the Project chat page or on your userpage which you can access by clicking Talk at the top of the screen next to your username. Please note pages become archived after a short while to make room for new messages, to access old messages go to the Archive index.

You can also use IRC.

2. Определитесь вместе с сообществом Викиданных, какие данные импортировать

Wikidata does not include all data available but just a useful subset. Please refer to our notability criteria for the minimum requirements.

3. Сотрудничайте с сообществом Викиданных, чтобы импортировать данные

There are several ways to add data to Wikidata including


Ручной ввод данных

Everyone can add data to Wikidata by manually adding the data.


Онлайн инструменты

There are a number of online tools to help with the import of data into Wikidata. Some of them that support specific workflows for data imports are:

  • Mix'n'match contains lists of important concepts from reliable sources and allows to match the names to Wikidata entries with one click. It is possible to get your list included. Read the blogpost about the motivation behind Mix'n'match.
  • The primary sources tool allows for a curation workflow for data donations to Wikidata, where Wikidata editors can review, edit, or reject data offered to the community. It was initially developed for datasets from Freebase, but can be used for any collection of very large non-curated datasets.
  • QuickStatements (Q20084080): allows users to create items and upload lists of statements based on input in tab-separated format exported from spreadsheets
  • fatameh allows users to create fully populated items about scientific papers with one click.

Wikidata API

API Викиданных — это веб-сервис, обеспечивающий удобный доступ по протоколу HTTP к функциям вики, данным и метаданным.



Bots (also known as robots) are tools used to make edits without the necessity of human decision-making. Bots on Wikidata can add interwiki links, labels, descriptions, statements, references, and can even create items, among other things. We also collect hints and inspiration for your own code to import data with a bot.

Другие пути сотрудничества организаций с Викиданными


There are a number of ways organisations can be involved with Wikimedia including:

  • Making media content available
  • Contributing to Wikipedia articles
  • Hosting Wikimedia events
  • Hosting a Wikimedian in Residence

Чтобы узнать об этом подробнее, свяжитесь со своей региональной организацией Викимедиа.

Полезные ссылки


Введение в Викиданные
Портал сообщества
Глоссарий основных терминов Викиданных
Каталог инструментов Викиданных
Создание учётной записи в Викиданных (не используйте название своей организации в имени учётной записи).