Wikidata:Datenspende

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Data donation and the translation is 22% complete.

Data donation
Diese Seite ist als Einstieg für Institutionen, Unternehmen oder Organisationen gedacht, die interessiert sind Daten in Wikidata zu integrieren.
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Über Wikidata[edit]

Donating data to Wikidata (English)
Linked Data - San Francisco
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Wikidata ist eine multilinguale, freie Wissendatenbank, die von Menschen wie auch von Maschinen gelesen und bearbeitet werden kann.

Wikidata dient als zentraler Speicher für strukturierte Daten in allen Sprachen ihrer Wikimedia-Schwesterprojekte wie Wikipedia, Wikivoyage, Wikisource und andere.

Wikidata unterstützt zudem viele andere Projekte und Dienste, da die Daten auf Wikidata unter einer freien Lizenz zur Verfügung stehen, in Standardformaten exportiert werden können und mit anderen offenen Datenbanken im Internet verbunden werden können.

Wie bei anderen Wikimedia-Projekten werden die Daten von einer Gemeinschaft von Freiwilligen händisch oder mit Hilfe von Software hinzugefügt.

Wikidata besteht aus Millionen von Objekten, wobei jedes eine Sache wie eine Person, einen Ort, ein Kunstwerk, eine Begrifflichkeit oder anderes Gebilde darstellt. Jedes Objekt beinhaltet Aussagen, wobei jede Aussage wiederum aus bestimmten Attributen besteht, wie z.B. "Geburtsdatum" und dem entsprechenden Wert für dieses Attribut. Ebenso können die Ausssagen für Externe Kennungen, wie z.B. eine VIAF ID, stehen.

Wikidata wird von der Wikimedia Foundation betrieben. Die Wikimedia Foundation ist eine gemeinnützige Organisation nach US-amerikanischen Recht, die sich dem Ziel verschrieben hat Wachstum, Entwicklung und Verbreitung von freien, multilingualen, bildenden Inhalten zu fördern und die gesammelten Inhalte mit Hilfe von wikibasierten Projekten der Öffentlichkeit jederzeit und ausschließlich entgeltlos zur Verfügung zu stellen.

What data we host[edit]

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Wikidata focuses on a basic level of useful information about the world and links to other resources for specialized data on the subject. Sources for data on Wikidata must be:

  • verlässlich
  • öffentlich zugänglich

The best way to find out which parts of your data is suitable for Wikidata is to contact the Wikidata community.


Why add data to Wikidata[edit]

There are many reasons to add data to Wikidata including:

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Help more people to see your information[edit]

Data from Wikidata is used by many high traffic websites including Wikipedia which is one of the most used websites in the world receiving over 15 billion page views per month.

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Improve open knowledge[edit]

Wikidata hosts data that can be used on Wikimedia projects and beyond. By adding data to Wikidata you can ensure the data on your subject is well covered and up to date in all Wikimedia project languages.

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Increase traffic to your website[edit]

Anyone looking at Wikidata or other sites that use Wikidata including Wikipedia can see a clickable reference link for the source of the data, making it easy to visit your website.

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Make your data more useful for yourself and others[edit]

By adding data to Wikidata it becomes more useful. You can:

  • Combine it with other data
  • Use Wikidata tools to explore the data
  • Visualise your data along with data from other sources

Organisationen, die mit Wikidata zusammengearbeitet haben[edit]

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Fallbeispiele[edit]

Many organisations are choosing to work with Wikidata. Case studies are available on the following projects:

  • Flemish Art Collections: In this project, a group of Flemish museums and art collections publish metadata of their art collections (estimated: 25,000 artworks in total) on Wikidata, and then make this dataset available as Linked Open Data (LOD).
  • TED Organization that organizes conferences of educational speeches and hosts videos of these on their website (work in progress).
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Organisationen, deren Daten zu Wikidata hinzugefügt wurden[edit]

Data from many organisations has been added to Wikidata. These include:

  • Art UK (ehemals BBC: Your Paintings)
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France: IDs, references and biographical data
  • British Museum: Thesaurus
  • National Library of Australia: People identifier
  • Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie: Artist biographies
  • UNESCO: Programme inscriptions eg. World Heritage Sites
  • National Nuclear Data Center: Nuclide stability, natural abundance, decays and half life

Wikidata und das Urheberrecht[edit]

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All data on Wikidata is released under [m:Wikilegal/Database Rights Creative Commons CC0 (public domain)]. However individual facts and identifiers, such as numbers and IDs are not copyrightable. If you are an institution based in Europe, the whole of your ID list may be under database copyright, but we would not be copying the entire list in bulk; rather, volunteers add most of them individually, one at a time. For more information please see the Wikimedia Foundation’s guidance on database rights.

Every database is different. To define whether your organisation would need to make a license change on your data or if the section of data you would like to make available does not fall under copyright please contact the Wikidata community.

Reusing and combining Wikidata data[edit]

There are many tools to manipulate data on Wikidata, for a full list see the Wikidata external tools and the Tools Directory.

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Reusing data[edit]

It's easy to access data on Wikidata. Data can be reused in Wikimedia projects and beyond, making exciting applications possible.

You can use our data including translated names, birth/death dates and locations, free images, you name it.

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Matching your data with other data sets[edit]

Many tools exist to augment or cross-check your data with data from other sources. One example is BEACON which can give you a list of your IDs matched against any other we have for the same items, e.g Art UK artists against VIAF. Mix'n'match and OpenRefine can be used to create connections between your database and Wikidata.

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Visualisierungen[edit]

Several tools exist to visualise Wikidata data including:

How to add data to Wikidata[edit]

The process of adding Wikidata can be technically challenging but the Wikidata community is very happy to discuss with you the best approach and offer assistance where needed. The basic process is:

  1. Contact the Wikidata community describing what data you have and would like to include in Wikidata.
  2. Decide with the Wikidata community what data is suitable to import.
  3. Work with the Wikidata community to import the data

1. Contact the Wikidata community[edit]

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There is a central noticeboard for contacting the Wikidata community called Project chat.

  1. Create your own Wikimedia account (do not use the name of an organisation in the title).
  2. Make sure you are logged in
  3. Go to the Project chat page.
  4. Click the blue Start a new discussion button.
  5. Write a message and make sure to include a title in the title line.
  6. Sign the message by writing ~~~~ at the end of your message.
  7. Click Show preview underneath your message to make sure your message has been written correctly, you will see that your username has appeared where the ~~~~ were added.
  8. Click Save page to post the message.

Users will either reply to your message on the Project chat page or on your userpage which you can access by clicking Talk at the top of the screen next to your username. Please note pages become archived after a short while to make room for new messages, to access old messages go to the Archive index.

You can also use IRC.

2. Decide with the Wikidata community what data to import[edit]

Wikidata does not include all data available but just a useful subset. Please refer to our notability criteria for the minimum requirements.

3. Work with the Wikidata community to import the data[edit]

There are several ways to add data to Wikidata including

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Manual data entry[edit]

Everyone can add data to Wikidata by manually adding the data.

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Online-Tools =[edit]

There are a number of online tools to help with the import of data into Wikidata. Some of them that support specific workflows for data imports are:

  • Mix'n'match contains lists of important concepts from reliable sources and allows to match the names to Wikidata entries with one click. It is possible to get your list included. Read the blogpost about the motivation behind Mix'n'match.
  • The primary sources tool allows for a curation workflow for data donations to Wikidata, where Wikidata editors can review, edit, or reject data offered to the community. It was initially developed for datasets from Freebase, but can be used for any collection of very large non-curated datasets.
  • QuickStatements (Q20084080): allows users to create items and upload lists of statements based on input in tab-separated format exported from spreadsheets
  • fatameh allows users to create fully populated items about scientific papers with one click.
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Wikidata-API[edit]

The Wikidata API is a web service that provides convenient access to wiki features, data, and meta-data over HTTP.

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Bots[edit]

Bots (also known as robots) are tools used to make edits without the necessity of human decision-making. Bots on Wikidata can add interwiki links, labels, descriptions, statements, references, and can even create items, among other things. We also collect hints and inspiration for your own code to import data with a bot.

Other ways organisations can be involved with Wikimedia[edit]

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There are a number of ways organisations can be involved with Wikimedia including:

  • Making media content available
  • Contributing to Wikipedia articles
  • Hosting Wikimedia events
  • Hosting a Wikimedian in Residence

For more information contact your local Wikimedia chapter.

Nützliche Links[edit]

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Einführung in Wikidata
Gemeinschaftsportal
A glossary of Wikidata terms
Wikidata Tool Directory
Create a Wikimedia account (do not use the name of an organisation in the title).