维基数据:数据捐赠

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Data donation and the translation is 62% complete.

数据捐赠
此页面是写给对在维基数据添加数据感兴趣的院校、公司、组织和个人。
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关于维基数据[edit]

向维基数据(英文)捐赠数据
Linked Data - San Francisco
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Wikidata是一个包含了人类和机器可读写的世界的多语言的免费知识库。它提供了维基姐妹计划中的所有数据,并且允许了对数据的中央访问,就像维基共享资源之于多媒体档案一样。它同样被许多其他网站使用。维基数据中的数据由社群志愿者手工和通过软件添加,就像维基百科等维基媒体项目一样。

Wikidata has millions of items, each representing things like a person, a place, an artwork, an abstract concept, or some other type of entity. Each item has statements (key-value pairs), each statement in turn consisting of a property such as "birth date", and the appropriate value for the item. Properties have their own pages on Wikidata and are connected to items, resulting in a linked data structure. There can also be statements for external identifiers, such as a VIAF IDs.

Wikidata is hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a nonprofit charitable organization dedicated to encouraging the growth, development and distribution of free, multilingual, educational content, and to providing the full content of these wiki-based projects to the public free of charge.

我们托管什么数据[edit]

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维基数据专注于有关世界的信息的基础层面,以及对相关资源的链接。维基数据的数据源必须:

  • 可读
  • 可公开

了解你的哪些数据适用于维基数据最好的方法是联系维基数据社群。


为什么要向维基数据添加数据[edit]

有许多向维基数据添加数据的理由,包括:

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帮助更多的人看到你提供的信息[edit]

维基数据的数据被用于包括维基百科在内的高流量网站中,维基百科是世界上访问人数最多的网站之一,每月有超过150亿的点击量

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改进开放知识[edit]

维基数据托管了可用于维基媒体计划和其他地方的数据。通过向维基数据中添加数据,你可以确保数据主体的数据在所有语言的维基媒体计划中被使用和更新。

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提高你的网站的流量[edit]

Anyone looking at Wikidata or other sites that use Wikidata including Wikipedia can see a clickable reference link for the source of the data, making it easy to visit your website.

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使得你的数据对自己和他人更有用[edit]

By adding data to Wikidata it becomes more useful. You can:

  • Combine it with other data
  • Use Wikidata tools to explore the data
  • Visualise your data along with data from other sources

与维基数据合作的组织[edit]

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個案研究[edit]

许多组织选择与维基数据合作。以下是几个典型案例:

  • 佛兰芒艺术收藏:在这个项目中,一组佛兰芒博物馆和艺术收藏家在维基数据上发布了他们收藏品的元数据(据估计共有2万5千件艺术品),并且使得数据集以已链接的开放数据(Linked Open Data,LOD)的形式公开。
  • TED组织正组织教育方面的演讲会并在他们的网站上托管这些录像。
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那些数据被添加到维基数据的组织[edit]

许多来自其他组织的数据已被添加进维基数据。它们包括:

  • 英国艺术品 (前称 BBC:你的画作)
  • 法国国家图书馆:标识、参考文献和传记资料
  • 大英博物馆:专有词库
  • 澳大利亚国家图书馆:人类识别符
  • 荷兰艺术史学院:艺术家传记
  • UNESCO: Programme inscriptions eg. World Heritage Sites
  • National Nuclear Data Center: Nuclide stability, natural abundance, decays and half life

维基数据和版权[edit]

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维基数据上的所有数据都依据[m:Wikilegal/Database Rights 知识共享CC0(公有领域)]协议发行。然而个别事实和标识符,例如数字和ID根本不享有版权。如果您是总部位于欧洲的机构,您的整个ID列表可能会受数据库版权保护,但我们不会大批持有整个列表的版权;相反地,志愿者会单独添加大多数这类列表,每次一个。

Every database is different. To define whether your organisation would need to make a license change on your data or if the section of data you would like to make available does not fall under copyright please contact the Wikidata community.

复用和结合维基数据上的数据[edit]

There are many tools to manipulate data on Wikidata, for a full list see the Wikidata external tools and the Tools Directory.

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复用数据[edit]

It's easy to access data on Wikidata. Data can be reused in Wikimedia projects and beyond, making exciting applications possible.

You can use our data including translated names, birth/death dates and locations, free images, you name it.

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匹配您的数据与其他数据集[edit]

Many tools exist to augment or cross-check your data with data from other sources. One example is BEACON which can give you a list of your IDs matched against any other we have for the same items, e.g Art UK artists against VIAF. Mix'n'match and OpenRefine can be used to create connections between your database and Wikidata.

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可视化[edit]

Several tools exist to visualise Wikidata data including:

如何向维基数据添加数据[edit]

The process of adding Wikidata can be technically challenging but the Wikidata community is very happy to discuss with you the best approach and offer assistance where needed. The basic process is:

  1. Contact the Wikidata community describing what data you have and would like to include in Wikidata.
  2. Decide with the Wikidata community what data is suitable to import.
  3. Work with the Wikidata community to import the data

第一步:联络维基数据社群[edit]

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There is a central noticeboard for contacting the Wikidata community called Project chat.

  1. Create your own Wikimedia account (do not use the name of an organisation in the title).
  2. Make sure you are logged in
  3. Go to the Project chat page.
  4. Click the blue Start a new discussion button.
  5. Write a message and make sure to include a title in the title line.
  6. Sign the message by writing ~~~~ at the end of your message.
  7. Click Show preview underneath your message to make sure your message has been written correctly, you will see that your username has appeared where the ~~~~ were added.
  8. Click Save page to post the message.

Users will either reply to your message on the Project chat page or on your userpage which you can access by clicking Talk at the top of the screen next to your username. Please note pages become archived after a short while to make room for new messages, to access old messages go to the Archive index.

You can also use IRC.

第二步:与维基数据社群决定要导入什么数据[edit]

Wikidata does not include all data available but just a useful subset. Please refer to our notability criteria for the minimum requirements.

第三步:与维基数据社群一起进行导入数据工作[edit]

There are several ways to add data to Wikidata including

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手动数据条目[edit]

任何人都可以向维基数据中添加数据,参见manually adding the data.

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在线工具[edit]

There are a number of online tools to help with the import of data into Wikidata. Some of them that support specific workflows for data imports are:

  • Mix'n'match contains lists of important concepts from reliable sources and allows to match the names to Wikidata entries with one click. It is possible to get your list included. Read the blogpost about the motivation behind Mix'n'match.
  • The primary sources tool allows for a curation workflow for data donations to Wikidata, where Wikidata editors can review, edit, or reject data offered to the community. It was initially developed for datasets from Freebase, but can be used for any collection of very large non-curated datasets.
  • QuickStatements (Q20084080): allows users to create items and upload lists of statements based on input in tab-separated format exported from spreadsheets
  • fatameh allows users to create fully populated items about scientific papers with one click.
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维基数据API[edit]

The Wikidata API is a web service that provides convenient access to wiki features, data, and meta-data over HTTP.

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机器人[edit]

Bots (also known as robots) are tools used to make edits without the necessity of human decision-making. Bots on Wikidata can add interwiki links, labels, descriptions, statements, references, and can even create items, among other things. We also collect hints and inspiration for your own code to import data with a bot.

机构参与维基媒体的其他方法[edit]

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机构参与维基媒体的方法包括:

  • Making media content available
  • Contributing to Wikipedia articles
  • Hosting Wikimedia events
  • Hosting a Wikimedian in Residence

更多信息请联络您本地的维基媒体分会

实用链接[edit]

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维基数据简介
社群主题
维基数据术语表
维基数据工具目录
创建维基媒体账户(不要在标题中使用组织名称)。