Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy

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Rosiden (rosids)
Eurosiden I (fabids)
Ordnung Rosenartige (Rosales)
Familie Rosengewächse (Rosaceae)
Unterfamilie Rosoideae
Gattung Rosen
scientific name of Gattung[1]
L. (1753)
Python regius
infraorder Alethinophidia
superfamily Pythonoidea
family Pythonidae
genus Python
species Python regius
scientific name of species[10][11]
Python regius
(Shaw, 1802)
red list status[13]
least concern

The goal of this WikiProject is to compile the rules for the biological taxonomy in wikidata and implement them. An overview of the rules shall be compiled here, the discussion takes place on the talk page.

In general, each taxon has its own item here: The species Exiliboa placata (Q606) as well as its monotypic genus Exiliboa (Q13231734). Moreover, each (important/notable) taxonomic viewpoint can be stored, also historic ones. See for example Cactaceae (Q14560).

Scope, related projects and participants[edit]


  • All items in wikidata describing a taxon

Not in the scope:

Related WikiProjects[edit]


Succu (talk)

[+] Add yourself to the list

The participants listed below can be notified using the following template in discussions:

{{Ping project|Taxonomy}}

Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy/Participants contains a list that can be used to ping all the participants of this project. Use {{Ping project|Taxonomy}} to ping this project. You can opt in by adding your name to it.


Insects Plants Arachnids Crustaceans Molluscs Fungi Fishes Reptiles Worms Annelids Myriapods Cnidarians Birds Sponges Amphibians Echinoderms Mammals Bryozoans Prokaryotes Viruses Rotifers Algae Trilobites Unknown: 5,208 (0.3%)Circle frame white.svg
  •   Insects: 872,027 (50.0%)
  •   Plants: 432,635 (24.8%)
  •   Arachnids: 76,363 (4.4%)
  •   Crustaceans: 66,305 (3.8%)
  •   Molluscs: 57,000 (3.3%)
  •   Fungi: 51,875 (3.0%)
  •   Fishes: 34,416 (2.0%)
  •   Reptiles: 23,737 (1.4%)
  •   Worms: 23,172 (1.3%)
  •   Annelids: 13,981 (0.8%)
  •   Myriapods: 13,214 (0.8%)
  •   Cnidarians: 12,848 (0.7%)
  •   Birds: 11,528 (0.7%)
  •   Sponges: 8,913 (0.5%)
  •   Amphibians: 8,280 (0.5%)
  •   Echinoderms: 7,790 (0.4%)
  •   Mammals: 7,410 (0.4%)
  •   Bryozoans: 6,059 (0.3%)
  •   Prokaryotes: 3,835 (0.2%)
  •   Viruses: 2,925 (0.2%)
  •   Rotifers: 2,491 (0.1%)
  •   Algae: 977 (0.1%)
  •   Trilobites: 153 (0.0%)
  •   Unknown: 5,208 (0.3%)

Properties and qualifiers[edit]


You'll find some explanation on how to use the following properties in our tutorial (work in progress).

Properties each item (that deals with a taxon) should have[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
instance of P31 Item this item is a specific example and a member of that class. Not to be confused with Property:P279 (subclass of). Exiliboa <instance of> monotypic taxon -
taxon name P225 String taxon name: correct scientific name of a taxon (according to the reference given) cat <taxon name> Felis silvestris catus -
taxon rank P105 Item taxonomic rank: level in a taxonomic hierarchy wildcat <taxon rank> species -
parent taxon P171 Item taxon: parent taxon of the taxon in question cat <parent taxon> wildcat -

Note: To avoid already fixed constraint violations, bots should only import these properties if

Optional properties[edit]

The complete list can also be viewed at Special:WhatLinksHere/Q18609040.


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
IUCN conservation status P141 Item conservation status assigned by the International Union for Conservation of Nature bald eagle <IUCN conservation status> least concern -
taxon range map image P181 Commons media file range map of a taxon white rhinoceros <taxon range map image> Mapa distribuicao original white rhino.png -
endemic to P183 Item endemism: sole location or habitat type where the taxon lives checkered pupfish <endemic to> Mexico -
taxonomic type P427 Item type: the type genus of this family (or subfamily, etc), or the type species of this genus (or subgenus, etc) Drosophilidae <taxonomic type> Drosophila -
botanist author abbreviation P428 String standard form (official abbreviation) of a personal name for use in an author citation (only for names of algae, fungi and plants) Carl Linnaeus <botanist author abbreviation> L. -
author citation (zoology) P835 String Short form of the name used after a taxon this person has authored Carl Linnaeus <author citation (zoology)> Linnaeus -
basionym P566 Item basionym: the legitimate, previously published name on which a new combination or name at new rank is based Browningia candelaris <basionym> Cereus candelaris -
original combination P1403 Item for animals: the combination (binomen or trinomen) where the species-group name used in this taxon name was first published lion <original combination> Felis leo -
replaced synonym (for nom. nov.) P694 Item replaced synonym: previously published name on which a replacement name (avowed substitute, nomen novum) is based. Agave duplicata <replaced synonym (for nom. nov.)> Bravoa geminiflora -
taxon synonym P1420 Item synonym: synonym(s) of the taxon name (- name(s) that previously applied to the taxon) Oreocereus hempelianus <taxon synonym> Borzicactus hempelianus var. weingartianus -
Code of nomenclature P944 Item the Code that governs the scientific name of this taxon animal <Code of nomenclature> International Code of Zoological Nomenclature -
temporal range start P523 Item the start of a process or appearance of a life form relative to the geologic time scale trilobite <temporal range start> Cambrian Stage 3 -
temporal range end P524 Item the end of a process or extinction of a life form relative to the geologic time scale trilobite <temporal range end> Changhsingian -
parent(s) of this hybrid P1531 Item no description -
named after P138 Item entity or event that inspired the subject's name, or namesake (in at least one language) Javanese flying squirrel <named after> Thomas Horsfield -
taxon common name P1843 Monolingual text common name: common or vernacular name of a living thing -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
BHL Page ID P687 String Biodiversity Heritage Library: identifier in the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) Canna indica <BHL Page ID> 358022 -
BioLib ID P838 String BioLib: identifier in the biological encyclopedia BioLib Escobaria <BioLib ID> 105586 -
Encyclopedia of Life ID P830 String Encyclopedia of Life: item reference number Nicrophorus americanus <Encyclopedia of Life ID> 1044544 -
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID P846 String Global Biodiversity Information Facility: identifier in GBIF tailed tailless bat <Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID> 5963040 -
ITIS TSN P815 String Integrated Taxonomic Information System: unique Taxonomic Serial Number defined by Integrated Taxonomic Information System oceanic whitetip shark <ITIS TSN> 160330 -
IUCN-ID P627 String International Union for Conservation of Nature: source for IUCN conservation status (P141) bald eagle <IUCN-ID> 106003365 -
NCBI Taxonomy ID P685 String taxonomy database of the U.S. National Center for Biotechnology Information: identifer for a taxon in the Taxonomy Database by the National Center for Biotechnology Information human <NCBI Taxonomy ID> 9606 -
Fossilworks ID P842 String Fossilworks: identifier for fossil animals, plants, and microorganisms Pantolambda <Fossilworks ID> 40565 -
World Register of Marine Species identifier P850 String World Register of Marine Species: identifier in the World Register of Marine Species Fucus vesiculosus <World Register of Marine Species identifier> 145548 -
FishBase species identifier P938 String FishBase: identifier for a specie in FishBase harlequin catshark <FishBase species identifier> 5918 -
MSW identifier P959 String Mammal Species of the World: identifier from Mammal Species of the World: a database that claims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of mammals (but the ICZN does not agree) Chinchilla <MSW identifier> 13400130 -
Tropicos taxon name identifier P960 String Tropicos: identifier in the Tropicos database Poliothyrsis <Tropicos taxon name identifier> 40013483 -
IPNI author ID P586 String International Plant Names Index: numerical identifier for a person in the International Plant Names Index Carl Linnaeus <IPNI author ID> 12653-1 -
IPNI plant ID P961 String International Plant Names Index: numerical identifier for a plant in the International Plant Names Index Carex aphylla <IPNI plant ID> 298593-1 -
MycoBank taxon name identifier P962 String MycoBank: identifier per MycoBank - a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of fungi. Haematomma <MycoBank taxon name identifier> 2196 -
PlantList-ID P1070 String The Plant List: identifier in the database of 'The Plant List' Amorphophallus titanum <PlantList-ID> kew-8323 -
ICTV virus ID P1076 String International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses: identifier in the "International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses"-database Adenoviridae <ICTV virus ID> 00.001 -
AlgaeBase URL P1348 URL AlgaeBase: URL for the website AlgaeBase Valonia <AlgaeBase URL> -
Index Fungorum ID P1391 String Index Fungorum: identifier in Index Fungorum (see Q1860469) Cantharellus <Index Fungorum ID> 17236 -
GRIN URL P1421 URL GRIN Taxonomy for Plants: URL for the website GRIN maize <GRIN URL> -
Flora of North America taxon ID P1727 String Flora of North America: identifier of a taxon in Flora of North America Orchidaceae <Flora of North America taxon ID> 10638 -
Flora of China ID P1747 String Flora of China: identifier of a taxon in Flora of the People's Republic of China Orchidaceae <Flora of China ID> 10638 -
VASCAN ID P1745 String Database of Vascular Plants of Canada: identifier in the Database of Vascular Plants of Canada Picea mariana <VASCAN ID> 7174 -
ZooBank nomenclatural act P1746 String ZooBank: identifier for nomenclatural act at ZooBank Amargastegos <ZooBank nomenclatural act> FB0A73A0-E464-4919-8307-80DCCB14FB16 -
Watson & Dallwitz family ID P1761 String The families of flowering plants by Watson & Dallwitz: familyID in Watson & Dallwitz: The families of flowering plants Caryophyllaceae <Watson & Dallwitz family ID> caryophy -
USDA PLANTS ID P1772 String United States Department of Agriculture Plants Database: identifier in the United States Department of Agriculture PLANTS Database Pseudotsuga menziesii <USDA PLANTS ID> PSME -
GrassBase ID P1832 String GrassBase: identifier in GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora maize <GrassBase ID> imp10873 -
Fauna Europaea ID P1895 String Fauna Europaea: identifier in Fauna Europaea animal <Fauna Europaea ID> 1 -
Dyntaxa ID P1939 String Dyntaxa: Swedish Taxonomic Database ID Caeciliusidae <Dyntaxa ID> 2000976 - ID P1940 String Gymnosperm Database: string that identifies a page in the website Araucaria bidwillii < ID> ar/Araucaria_bidwillii -
LPSN URL P1991 URL List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature: URL for the website List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) Chloroflexia <LPSN URL> -
Plazi ID P1992 String Plazi taxon treatment ID: UUID for a taxon treatment at (Q7203726) Anochetus grandidieri <Plazi ID> 31F96F41-E3E0-02BD-8898-5A4F3A20E45A -
Avibase ID P2026 String Avibase: identifier for a species or genus in Avibase - the world bird database house sparrow <Avibase ID> 240E33900CE34D44 -
African Plant Database P2036 String African Plant Database: African Plant Database: database of scientific names, linked to JSTOR (and others) Cucumis africanus <African Plant Database> 26054 -
CITES Species+ ID P2040 String no label: identifier for the taxon on Species+ site (CITES) Uroplatus sikorae <CITES Species+ ID> 5541 -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
taxon author P405 Item the author(s) that (optionally) may be cited with the scientific name Boletus illudens <taxon author> Charles Horton Peck -
ex taxon author P697 Item person to whom to ascribe a taxon name, denoted by "ex" (via P405) Magnoliales <ex taxon author> Antoine Laurent de Jussieu -
date of taxon name publication P574 Point in time date of publication of the scientific name of a taxon Boletus illudens <date of taxon name publication> 1898 -
incertae sedis P678 Item qualifier for P171 (parent taxon) to mark which intermediate ranks are incertae sedis Cyclocorus <parent taxon> Q182751 <incertae sedis> subfamily -
nomenclatural status P1135 Item the status of a scientific name, according to the relevant rules of nomenclature Cactaceae <taxon name> Q14560 <nomenclatural status> nomen conservandum -
original spelling P1353 String original spelling of a scientific name Aloe steffanieana <taxon name> Aloe steffanieana <original spelling> Aloe steffaniana -

Related items[edit]

Requests for comment[edit]

Tools and maintenance[edit]


  1. Carl von Linné, Species plantarum, 2. Auflage
  2. Reveal System of Classification, , online
  3. Adolf Engler, Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien,
  4. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants, Band 85,
  5. Arthur John Cronquist, An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants, , ISBN 978-0-231-03880-5
  6. Richard Wettstein, Handbuch der Systematischen Botanik,
  7. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, „An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III“, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Band 161, , doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x
  8. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II, Band 141,
  9. George Bentham und Joseph Dalton Hooker, Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata definita, und , doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.747
  10. 10.0 10.1 Peter Uetz (ed.), The Reptile Database
  11. 11.0 11.1 Wulf D. Schleip and Mark O'Shea, "Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution", ZooKeys, vol. 66, , doi: 10.3897/zookeys.66.683, CC BY 3.0
  12. Robert Alexander Pyron, Frank T. Burbrink and John J. Wiens, "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes", BMC Evolutionary Biology, vol. 13, 1, , doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-93, Pub Med ID: 23627680 , CC BY 2.0
  13. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015.3


{{Taxonomy properties}}


  • David J Patterson, Willi Egloff, Donat Agosti, David Eades, Nico Franz, Gregor Hagedorn, Jonathan A Rees, David P Remsen: Scientific names of organisms: attribution, rights, and licensing. In: BMC Research Notes. December 2014, 7:79 (doi:10.1186/1756-0500-7-79).