Help:Multilingual

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Multilingual and the translation is 24% complete.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎British English • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎Frysk • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎Nederlands • ‎Ripoarisch • ‎Scots • ‎Türkçe • ‎Zazaki • ‎bosanski • ‎català • ‎dansk • ‎eesti • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎français • ‎galego • ‎interlingua • ‎italiano • ‎kurdî (latînî)‎ • ‎latviešu • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎occitan • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎shqip • ‎suomi • ‎svenska • ‎čeština • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎български • ‎македонски • ‎русский • ‎српски / srpski • ‎українська • ‎հայերեն • ‎ייִדיש • ‎العربية • ‎سنڌي • ‎فارسی • ‎বাংলা • ‎தமிழ் • ‎తెలుగు • ‎മലയാളം • ‎ဖၠုံလိက် • ‎ქართული • ‎中文 • ‎中文(台灣)‎ • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어

維基數據乃是一項跨國並因此具備多語言特性的計畫。雖然英文是網站介面的預設語言,但本計畫意在提供MediaWiki國際支援之語言的使用者一個可用且有用的服務。

基本原則

維基數據軟體就像其他的維基媒體計畫一樣完全在地化。使用者可自訂「偏好語言」,經由Preferences選單,或者透過多國語言在任一頁面的上方點選以下圖示:ULS更改。

政策與指引 應先以英文寫成,再翻譯成其他語言。英文版本的政策或指引為圭臬,其他語言版本皆應以之為準。譯文可以用翻譯外掛譯成。 翻譯外掛說明文件亦可供使用。若有任何問題或要求,可以在譯者佈告欄留言。

網站內容

Universal Language Selector ULS English

The data content of Wikidata consists of items and properties that are multilingual where necessary.

Items and properties

For items and properties, the labels, descriptions and aliases are all multilingual, meaning they can be displayed to users, and can be entered by users, in every language supported by the software.

By default, users will view, add, and edit labels, descriptions, and aliases in their preferred language. The preferred language will also be the default language when creating new Items.

Label list

Labels, aliases, and descriptions in multiple languages can be easily added to items and properties in one of two ways:

  1. By using the #babel template. After setting your language skills with the #babel template (see Help:Navigating Wikidata/User Options for information on how to do this), the labels, aliases, and descriptions for your languages will now appear in the "In more languages" section of the item or property page. You can edit all or any by clicking on the [edit] link.
  2. By activating the labelLister gadget in your Preferences menu (see Help:Navigating Wikidata/User Options for more information on activating gadgets). To use the labelLister gadget on an item, click on the "Label List" tab at the top right of the item page (between "Read" and "View history"). After selecting it, you will see a pop-up with a list of all labels, descriptions, and aliases available by language code. Click the [edit] button of the pop-up to update labels, descriptions, and aliases for different languages.

Statements

For statements (including references and qualifiers), the values and properties typically do not need to be translated.

When items and properties are added to statements, they will automatically appear in the entity suggester under the appropriate translated labels for whatever language is set for the page. When adding a property or a value to a statement, you may need to enter the unique identifier (Q### or P###) of an item or property if its label has not yet been translated into the page language.

When adding Wikimedia Commons files as values, the file name will match whatever follows "File:" regardless of the language of input.
For example, for the statement image (P18) → The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17.jpg The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17.jpg will always appear and display as the file, even when editing in French or Polish.

Values that are strings like external standards, database identifiers, or codes, for example ISBNs, patent numbers, and web color and hex triplets—are also language-independent.

站內連結

Main language first

Sitelinks (links to Wikipedia and other Wikimedia pages) are not multilingual—they are shown and entered as on the linked site.

The gadget Main language first highlights sitelinks in the language set for the page and sorts them so they appear at the top of the list. This gadget needs to be activated in the Preferences menu. For support in additional languages, select the "Editing" tab in the Preferences menu and add "Assistant languages:" in the "Translation options" section.

特殊頁面

  • Special:MyLanguageFallbackChain displays your language fallback chain. The fallback chain refers to Wikidata's systematic way of displaying content to you when it is not available in your primary language of preference. For information on its configuration and effect see Help:Navigating Wikidata/User Options#Language fallback chain.
  • Special:Search is a multilingual search engine which allows you to search for items, properties, or pages in any language.
  • Item by title is for searching for items by their page titles on a Wikimedia site. It will only search for items in the selected language of the specified Wikimedia site; the title must be exactly equal to the search value entered.
  • Special pages like Special:AllPages that generate lists of items and/or properties, will show labels according to the language fallback chain, as well as identifiers (Q### for elements, P### for properties). If labels do not exist for any of the languages in your language fallback chain, only the identifier will be shown.

Items and properties without translation

As mentioned above, items and properties without labels in your preferred language will be presented using labels from other languages in your language fallback chain, or just as identifiers (Q### or P###) when no label exists in any of your languages. Please feel free to add a translation of labels (and descriptions) in such cases, but make sure the translation is correct.

Entities without label can be used as tool for finding items and properties that have no label in a given language.

See also

For related Help pages, see:

For additional information and guidance, see:

  • Project chat, for discussing all and any aspects of Wikidata
  • Wikidata:Glossary, the glossary of terms used in this and other Help pages
  • Help:FAQ, frequently asked questions asked and answered by the Wikidata community
  • Help:Contents, the Help portal featuring all the documentation available for Wikidata