Wikidata:WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure

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People and organisations in the visual arts[edit]

Creators[edit]

Individual artists

Artist collectives - groups of artists working together

Typical occupations in the visual arts

Useful visual-arts-related bibliographical encyclopedias and their items of which some need a little care: Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon (Q15791802) (German; online with paywall; based on Thieme-Becker (Q1361256); daughters: Nürnberger Künstlerlexikon (Q21531823), Künstlerlexikon der Antike (Q1797179)); Neues allgemeines Künstler-Lexicon (Q15275409) (German; old); Benezit Dictionary of Artists (Q2929945) (French/English; online)

Those not visual-arts-related: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (Q25666) (German; online), Große Bayerische Biographische Enzyklopädie (Q41626459) (German; online)

Common properties (including authority control)[edit]

Since visual arts are a field of human culture persons appear in different roles. The following are some properties for persons important especially in visual arts:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
ULAN ID P245 External identifier Union List of Artist Names: identifier from the Getty Union List of Artist Names Vincent van Gogh <ULAN ID> 500115588 -
RKDartists ID P650 External identifier RKDartists: identifier in the RKDartists database (Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie) Rembrandt <RKDartists ID> 66219 -
SIKART ID P781 External identifier SIKART: identifier in SIKART, a biographical dictionary and a database on visual art in Switzerland and Liechtenstein Le Corbusier <SIKART ID> 4026315 -
Kunstindeks Danmark Artist ID P1138 External identifier Kunstindeks Danmark: unique artist identifier used by Kunstindeks Danmark Asger Jorn <Kunstindeks Danmark Artist ID> 974 -
Art UK artist ID P1367 External identifier Art UK artist identifier: authority control identifier for artists (creators of publicly owned oil paintings in the UK) Bernardino da Asola <Art UK artist ID> bernardino-da-asola-active-c-15251550 -
Sandrart.net person ID P1422 External identifier Sandrart.net: person identifier in the web-based edition of Joachim von Sandrart’s "Teutscher Academie der Edlen Bau, Bild- und Mahlerey-Künste" (1675–80) Alfonso V of Aragon <Sandrart.net person ID> 1206 -
Commons Creator page P1472 String Commons Creator page: name of Commons Infobox template residing in "Creator" namespace on Wikimedia Commons Jean-Yves Lechevallier <Commons Creator page> Jean-Yves Lechevallier -
British Museum person-institution P1711 External identifier British Museum person-institution thesaurus: identifier in the British Museum person-institution thesaurus Rembrandt <British Museum person-institution> 43386 -
National Portrait Gallery (London) person ID P1816 External identifier identifier for sitters and artists represented in the National Portrait Gallery, London Richard Aaron <National Portrait Gallery (London) person ID> mp78223 -
Web Gallery of Art ID P1882 External identifier Web Gallery of Art: identifier for an artist in the Web Gallery of Art Agostino Busti <Web Gallery of Art ID> BAMBAIA -
Cooper-Hewitt Person ID P2011 External identifier Cooper-Hewitt Person ID: identifier for a person or organization in the Cooper-Hewitt (Smithsonian Museum) catalogue Sarah Cooper Hewitt <Cooper-Hewitt Person ID> 18049321 -
National Gallery of Victoria artist ID P2041 External identifier identifier assigned to an artist by the National Gallery of Victoria in Australia Ansel Adams <National Gallery of Victoria artist ID> 2372 -
Artsy artist ID P2042 External identifier Artsy artist: identifier at the artsy website Vincent van Gogh <Artsy artist ID> vincent-van-gogh -
National Gallery of Art artist ID P2252 External identifier identifier assigned to an artist by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC Gerrit Dou <National Gallery of Art artist ID> 1239 -
Musée d'Orsay artist ID P2268 External identifier database of the Musée d'Orsay: numeric ID for an artist in the database of the Orsay Museum Claude Monet <Musée d'Orsay artist ID> 18495 -
AGORHA person/institution ID P2342 External identifier AGORHA: identifier for a person or institution in the Agorha database (INHA) Claude Monet <AGORHA person/institution ID> 112086 -
Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators ID P2349 External identifier The Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators 1450–1950: identifier for a person, in the University of Stuttgart's Database of Scientific Illustrators, 1450-1950 John Arrowsmith <Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators ID> 1538 -
J. Paul Getty Museum artist id P2432 External identifier identifier assigned to an artist by the J. Paul Getty Museum Théodore Géricault <J. Paul Getty Museum artist id> 493 -
Benezit ID P2843 External identifier Benezit Dictionary of Artists: identifier in Benezit Dictionary of Artists Martinus Lengele <Benezit ID> B00107631 -
ECARTICO person ID P2915 External identifier ECARTICO: identifier for a person, in the ECARTICO biographical database of the Dutch and Flemish Golden Ages Erick van den Weerelt <ECARTICO person ID> 8194 -
Auckland Art Gallery artist ID P3372 External identifier identifier assigned to an artist by the Auckland Art Gallery in New Zealand Don Binney <Auckland Art Gallery artist ID> 2601 -
Artnet artist ID P3782 External identifier Artnet: identifier of an artist, in the Artnet database of art auction results Edward Davis <Artnet artist ID> edward-thompson-davis -
Boijmans artist ID P3888 External identifier Collectie Boijmans Online: identifier for an artist in the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Richard Serra <Boijmans artist ID> 16313 -
Pinakothek artist ID P4025 External identifier identifier in the Pinakothek collection Arnold Böcklin <Pinakothek artist ID> arnold-boecklin -
Atheneum person ID P4145 External identifier Athenaeum: artist id in the Atheneum artworks website Lucas Cranach the Elder <Atheneum person ID> 3498 -
Finnish National Gallery artist ID P4177 External identifier identifier for people in the Finnish National Gallery Helene Schjerfbeck <Finnish National Gallery artist ID> 76EF2D1D-802A-4D77-9732-17DCB9B55B5E -

Useful qualifiers[edit]

  • named as (P1810) -- to give the form of the artist's name that is preferred by the site
  • number of works (P3740) -- for sites which also have examples of the artist's work (probably only sensible for sites that are complete or only slowly-growing)

Organisations that support the visual arts[edit]

Museums

Other collecting institutions

Galleries

Works of visual art[edit]

Types of visual artworks[edit]

We maintain distinct items for

  1. types of physical artworks
  2. art disciplines
  3. the related profession
  4. a related group of artworks, including as a series

Why?

  1. Because these concepts are conceptually different. An artistic discipline is not a work of art; a work of art is not a profession.
  2. This conceptual difference is, among others, reflected in external art history related terminology sources like the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, which also maintains separate terms (paintings (visual works) vs painting (image-making))
  3. Therefore, using them in a wrong way would result in incorrect statements (e.g. Mona Lisa (Q12418) is NOT instance of (P31) the (abstract) art discipline art of painting (Q11629) - the correct statement is that Mona Lisa (Q12418) instance of (P31) painting (Q3305213))
Subclasses of work of art Discipline
(activity (Q1914636) View with Reasonator View with SQID)
The profession
(profession (Q28640) View with Reasonator View with SQID)
In a series or set
(series (Q20937557) View with Reasonator View with SQID)
More info about properties, structure, to do list
work of art (Q838948) View with Reasonator View with SQIDart project (Q21076217) View with Reasonator View with SQID visual arts (Q36649) View with Reasonator View with SQID visual artist (Q3391743) View with Reasonator View with SQID artwork series (Q15709879) View with Reasonator View with SQIDseries of creative works (Q7725310) View with Reasonator View with SQIDwork with multiple executions (Q28886448) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Painted works[edit]

Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, from C2RMF retouched.jpg
painting (Q3305213) View with Reasonator View with SQID art of painting (Q11629) View with Reasonator View with SQID painter (Q1028181) View with Reasonator View with SQID painting series (Q15727816) View with Reasonator View with SQIDcycle of paintings (Q16905563) View with Reasonator View with SQID ✓ See Wikiproject Sum of All Paintings.
Peter Paul Rubens 003.jpg
oil sketch (Q7081462) View with Reasonator View with SQID
GUGG Singer of the Comic Opera.jpg
watercolor painting (Q18761202) View with Reasonator View with SQID watercolor (Q50030) View with Reasonator View with SQID watercolourist (Q17505902) View with Reasonator View with SQID
The Ascension (f. 148).jpg
illumination (Q8362) View with Reasonator View with SQID art of illumination (Q22669085) View with Reasonator View with SQID illuminator (Q998628) View with Reasonator View with SQID illuminated manuscript (Q48498) View with Reasonator View with SQID
Trostburg Waidbruck fresco.jpg
fresco (Q22669139) View with Reasonator View with SQID fresco painting (Q134194) View with Reasonator View with SQID fresco painter (Q22669155) View with Reasonator View with SQID fresco series (Q22078284) View with Reasonator View with SQID

cycle of frescos (Q16905550) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Mural UPAEP.jpg
mural (Q219423) View with Reasonator View with SQID Muralism (Q938864) View with Reasonator View with SQID muralist (Q3374326) View with Reasonator View with SQID
Incomplete Graffito.jpg
graffiti (Q17514) View with Reasonator View with SQID street art (Q17516) View with Reasonator View with SQID graffiti artist (Q15095148) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Drawn works[edit]

Leonardo da Vinci helicopter.jpg
drawing (Q93184) View with Reasonator View with SQID art of drawing (Q2921001) View with Reasonator View with SQID draughtsperson (Q15296811) View with Reasonator View with SQID drawing series (Q19828370) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Printed works[edit]

B233 Rembrandt.jpg
print (Q11060274) View with Reasonator View with SQID printmaking (Q271588) View with Reasonator View with SQID printmaker (Q11569986) View with Reasonator View with SQID series of prints (Q19960510) View with Reasonator View with SQID
intaglio printing (Q194177) View with Reasonator View with SQID

includes:

Études prises dans le bas peuple ou les Cris de Paris - L’Afficheur.jpg
engraving (Q22669429) View with Reasonator View with SQID engraving (Q139106) View with Reasonator View with SQID engraver (Q329439) View with Reasonator View with SQID
Albrecht Dürer - The Virgin on the Crescent (NGA 1943.3.3474).jpg
copper engraving (Q18887969) View with Reasonator View with SQID chalcography (Q4287629) View with Reasonator View with SQID copperplate engraver (Q13365770) View with Reasonator View with SQID
mezzotint print (Q21647744) View with Reasonator View with SQID mezzotint technique (Q731980) View with Reasonator View with SQID
stipple engraving print (Q22669539) View with Reasonator View with SQID art of stipple engraving (Q7617514) View with Reasonator View with SQID
steel engraving print (Q22669546) View with Reasonator View with SQID steel engraving (Q482097) View with Reasonator View with SQID
Rembrandt The Three Crosses 1653.jpg
etching (print) (Q18218093) View with Reasonator View with SQID etching (Q186986) View with Reasonator View with SQID etcher (Q10862983) View with Reasonator View with SQID
soft-ground etching (Q22669562) View with Reasonator View with SQID vernis mou technique (Q1049829) View with Reasonator View with SQID
Museo del Prado - Goya - Caprichos - No. 03 - Que viene el Coco.jpg
aquatint print (Q18396864) View with Reasonator View with SQID aquatint technique (Q473236) View with Reasonator View with SQID
monoprinting (Q6901903) View with Reasonator View with SQID
planographic printing (Q3735299) View with Reasonator View with SQID

includes:

lithograph (Q15123870) View with Reasonator View with SQID lithography (Q133036) View with Reasonator View with SQID lithographer (Q16947657) View with Reasonator View with SQID
zincograph (Q21648161) View with Reasonator View with SQID zincography (Q204867) View with Reasonator View with SQID
monotype print (Q22669635) View with Reasonator View with SQID monotyping (Q156218) View with Reasonator View with SQID
offset print (Q22004031) View with Reasonator View with SQID offset printing (Q190408) View with Reasonator View with SQID
relief printing (Q3921059) View with Reasonator View with SQID

includes:

linocut print (Q22060043) View with Reasonator View with SQID linocut technique (Q752633) View with Reasonator View with SQID
woodcut print (Q18219090) View with Reasonator View with SQID woodcut technique (Q173242) View with Reasonator View with SQID

xylography (Q16295560) View with Reasonator View with SQID

woodcutter (Q1437754) View with Reasonator View with SQID
chiaroscuro woodcut (Q21648003) View with Reasonator View with SQID camaieu technique (Q1027977) View with Reasonator View with SQID
wood engraving print (Q22669664) View with Reasonator View with SQID wood engraving technique (Q1259197) View with Reasonator View with SQID
screen print (Q22569957) View with Reasonator View with SQID screen printing (Q187791) View with Reasonator View with SQID serigrapher (Q21925567) View with Reasonator View with SQID
photographic printmaking techniques

include:

photogravure technique (Q1602553) View with Reasonator View with SQID
rotogravure (Q635658) View with Reasonator View with SQID
heliogravure print (Q23641696) View with Reasonator View with SQID heliogravure
photolithography (Q622938) View with Reasonator View with SQID
collotype technique (Q1572315) View with Reasonator View with SQID
digital printing techniques

include:

laser print (Q21550731) View with Reasonator View with SQID
other printing techniques:
blueprint (Q422321) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Photography[edit]

Félix Nadar - Pierrot the photographer - Google Art Project.jpg
photograph (Q125191) View with Reasonator View with SQID photography (Q11633) View with Reasonator View with SQID photographer (Q33231) View with Reasonator View with SQID photograph series (Q20744439) View with Reasonator View with SQID Crystal Clear app clock-orange.svg In progress

WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Photographs

photo collage photocollage (Q3381561) View with Reasonator View with SQID
photomontage
fotogravure
platinum print (Q2098669) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Other two-dimensional works of visual art[edit]

pastel (Q12043905) View with Reasonator View with SQID pastelist (Q20857490) View with Reasonator View with SQID
calligraphic work (Q22669850) View with Reasonator View with SQID calligraphy (Q12681) View with Reasonator View with SQID calligrapher (Q3303330) View with Reasonator View with SQID
collage (Q22669857) View with Reasonator View with SQID collage art (Q170593) View with Reasonator View with SQID collagist (Q22343478) View with Reasonator View with SQID
mosaic (Q133067) View with Reasonator View with SQID mosaicist (Q282718) View with Reasonator View with SQID
stained glass (Q1473346) View with Reasonator View with SQID stained-glass artist (Q2205972) View with Reasonator View with SQID
tapestry (Q184296) View with Reasonator View with SQID tapestry weaving (Q29167534) View with Reasonator View with SQID tapestry weaver (Q1123578) View with Reasonator View with SQID tapestry series (Q18609875) View with Reasonator View with SQID
carpet (Q163446) View with Reasonator View with SQID carpet (Q163446) View with Reasonator View with SQID
poster (Q429785) View with Reasonator View with SQID poster artist (Q739437) View with Reasonator View with SQID
sgraffito

Sculpted works[edit]

Gansu Museum 2007 257.jpg
sculpture (Q860861) View with Reasonator View with SQID art of sculpture (Q11634) View with Reasonator View with SQID sculptor (Q1281618) View with Reasonator View with SQID sculpture series (Q19479037) View with Reasonator View with SQIDgroup of casts (Q28890616) View with Reasonator View with SQID Crystal Clear app clock-orange.svg In progress

WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Sculptures

relief (Q23662753) View with Reasonator View with SQID relief technique (Q245117) View with Reasonator View with SQID
bas relief
haut relief
medal medallist (Q1708232) View with Reasonator View with SQID
commemorative plaque

Installations[edit]

Invisible.dialogues.day.jpg
installation (Q20437094) View with Reasonator View with SQID installation art (Q212431) View with Reasonator View with SQID installation artist (Q18074503) View with Reasonator View with SQID series of installations (Q20895720) View with Reasonator View with SQID Crystal Clear app clock-orange.svg In progress

WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Installations

audiovisual installation
interactive installation
multimedia installation
video installation (Q550484) View with Reasonator View with SQID
sound installation sound art (Q1744327) View with Reasonator View with SQID
light installation (Q1823448) View with Reasonator View with SQID light art (Q1421557) View with Reasonator View with SQID
multi-channel video installation
kinetic object (Q29857932) View with Reasonator View with SQID kinetic art (Q466521) View with Reasonator View with SQID kinetic artist (Q21000481) View with Reasonator View with SQID

Other three-dimensional works of visual art[edit]

found object (Q572916) View with Reasonator View with SQID
assemblage (Q262343) View with Reasonator View with SQID
light sculpture (Q29885984) View with Reasonator View with SQID
textile design (Q763631) View with Reasonator View with SQID textile designer (Q18611810) View with Reasonator View with SQID
textile artwork (Q22075301) View with Reasonator View with SQID textile arts (Q10988986) View with Reasonator View with SQID textile artist (Q10694573) View with Reasonator View with SQID
ceramic art (Q13464614) View with Reasonator View with SQID ceramist (Q7541856) View with Reasonator View with SQID
glass art (Q5567091) View with Reasonator View with SQID Studio glass (Q1089246) View with Reasonator View with SQID glass artist (Q2865798) View with Reasonator View with SQID
jewellery (Q161439) View with Reasonator View with SQID jewellery design (Q6189617) View with Reasonator View with SQID jeweller (Q336221) View with Reasonator View with SQID
environmental artwork (Q21042249) View with Reasonator View with SQID land art (Q326478) View with Reasonator View with SQID
mask (Q161524) View with Reasonator View with SQID
artist book

Time-based and digital works of visual art[edit]

performance artwork (Q22672348) View with Reasonator View with SQID performance art (Q213156) View with Reasonator View with SQID performance artist (Q10774753) View with Reasonator View with SQID performance series (Q20968950) View with Reasonator View with SQID
happening (Q108874) View with Reasonator View with SQID
video artwork (Q20742776) View with Reasonator View with SQID video art (Q682010) View with Reasonator View with SQID video artist (Q18216771) View with Reasonator View with SQID
video sculpture (Q7927987) View with Reasonator View with SQID
film
sound art piece
animation
digital artwork
computer animation
printing plate
mold (mal)
picture frame
pedestal

Artworks that consist of different parts[edit]

ensemble of works of art (Q28870066) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
sculptural group (Q2334148) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
Misericorde.jpg
polyptych (Q1278452) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
Diptyque de Melun reconstitué.jpg
diptych (Q475476) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
Hieronymus Bosch - Triptych of the Adoration of the Magi - WGA2606.jpg
triptych (Q79218) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
quadriptych (Q21915367) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
pentaptych (Q21915380) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
hexaptych (Q21915411) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
heptaptych (Q21915564) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a
octaptych (Q21915574) View with Reasonator View with SQID n/a n/a

Other[edit]

mixed media
street art
manuscript
portfolio
scale model
piece of furniture
monument
study
sketch
sketchbook

Individual objects and parts[edit]

An object can be part of another object.[1] Groups of artworks should be identified as such by a instance of (P31)-claim with one of the subclasses of group of works (Q17489659) as object. The members of the group should be identified as such by a part of (P361)- or series (P179)-claim – currently both possibilities are used.[2]

To refer to a part of an object a qualifier with applies to part (P518) is used. An item describing a part of an object is used as the value. If there is no item for the part and they are unambiguous, the items upper part (Q17525438), lower part (Q17525439), left part (Q17525441), right part (Q17525442) and middle part (Q17525443); recto (Q9305022) and verso (Q9368452); obverse (Q257418) and reverse (Q1542661) are used as values of applies to part (P518).[3] The number of parts can be stated with number of parts of a work of art (P2635) as in The Four Apostles (Q829270).

If there are items describing the parts of an object there is no common practice how to indicate the relative position of the parts to each other unfortunately.

No discussion has taken place on how to describe the relation of two-dimensional objects to their frames. Referring to images on Commons with frames is difficult since images get often cropped as the images in c:Category:Painting frames show.

There are some cases of items (and Wikipedia articles) for a part of an image of a visual artwork. It might need more consideration on how to model them. Examples are The Creation of Adam (Q500242) and Raphael's Cherubs (Q21993480).

Describing individual objects[edit]

property Data type description required missing values
creator (P170) Item maker of a creative work or other object (where no more specific property exists) yes check
title (P1476) Monolingual text published title of a work, such as a newspaper article or a book no
inception (P571) Point in time date or point in time when the organization/subject was founded/created yes check
instance of (P31) Item that class of which this subject is a particular example and member. (Subject typically an individual member with Proper Name label.) Different from P279 (subclass of) yes check
depicts (P180) Item depicted entity (see also P921: subject heading) no
shown with features (P1354) Item secondary features depicted in a work. Use as qualifier for "depicts" (P180). no
depicts Iconclass notation (P1257) String Iconclass code depicted in an artwork. For linking Iconclass codes with their corresponding artistic themes or concepts, use P1256 (Iconclass notation). no
material used (P186) Item material the subject is made of or derived from yes check
fabrication method (P2079) Item method, process or technique used to grow, cook, weave, build, assemble, manufacture the item yes check
height (P2048) Quantity vertical dimension of an entity no
width (P2049) Quantity width of an object no
thickness (P2610) Quantity extent from one surface to the opposite, usually in the smallest solid dimension no
commissioned by (P88) Item person or organization that commissioned this work no
location of final assembly (P1071) Item place where the item was made; location of final assembly
owned by (P127) Item owner of the subject no
coordinates of the point of view (P1259) Geographic coordinates point from which the scene depicted by the element is seen (element can be a photo, a painting, etc.) no
collection (P195) Item art, museum or bibliographic collection the subject is part of no
inventory number (P217) String identifier for a physical object or a set of physical objects in a collection no
catalog code (P528) String catalog name of an object, use with qualifier P972 no
significant event (P793) Item significant or notable events associated with the subject no
location (P276) Item location of the item, physical object or event is within. In case of an administrative entity use P131. In case of a distinct terrain feature use P706. yes check
coordinate location (P625) Geographic coordinates geocoordinates of the subject, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the moment no
inscription (P1684) Monolingual text inscriptions, markings and signatures on an object no
exhibition history (P608) Item exhibitions where the item is or was displayed no
image (P18) Commons media file image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptable no
genre (P136) Item a creative work's genre or an artist's field of work (P101). Use main subject (P921) to relate creative works to their topic no
movement (P135) Item literary, artistic, scientific or philosophical movement associated with this person or work no
main subject (P921) Item primary topic of a work no
based on (P144) Item the work(s) used as basis for subject no
inspired by (P941) Item work, human, place or event which inspired this creative work or fictional entity no

A generic list of properties for artworks (and architecture) can be found at WD:List of properties/Works#Art & architecture.

Titles[edit]

Titles are a complicated field. There is title (P1476). Generally the label of an item should hold the title of the object it describes if the object has one. For general instructions for labels see Help:Label. The title should be formed following the guidelines at en:Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Visual arts#Works of art, at least for English labels, also considering the Cultural Objects Name Authority (Q11409212) Editorial Guidelines, section 3.3 Titles and Names.

In some cases the names of notations in Iconclass (Q1502787) that can be found at http://www.iconclass.org/help/outline might be used in an adapted form as titles.

Depicted subjects and iconography[edit]

The main property for this is depicts (P180). As qualifier shown with features (P1354) can be useful. With the qualifier relative position within image (P2677) the relative position on two-dimensional objects can be given using percents of height and width of the object.

depicts Iconclass notation (P1257) can be used to link to Iconclass (Q1502787).

Inscriptions can be given with inscription (P1684)

Images[edit]

To assign an image on Commons to an object item image (P18) is used. Use the best image available on Commons! For two-dimensional works the image should depict the whole surface without the frame. The image file with the whole surface can then be used as a reference for relative position within image (P2677). Make sure to assign only one image per item since image (P18) has a single value constraint (as of 00:12, 28 April 2016 (UTC))[4].

Use of creator (P170) in uncertain cases[edit]

If no distinguished instance of person (Q215627), organization (Q43229) or group of humans (Q16334295) is known as a value of creator (P170) then anonymous (Q4233718) should be used. The following qualifiers may be used to link the object to a distinguished instance related to its creator:

  • attributed to (P1773): The object is not signed and there is a certain amount of uncertainty who the creator is.
  • workshop of (P1774): The object was probably created by students or employees of the artist in the same workshop, possibly with help of the named artist.
  • follower of (P1775): The object is by unknown artists who work in the manner of the named artist.
  • circle of (P1776): The object is by an unknown artist who lived in the same time as the named artist in a similar style, possibly a follower or someone who had contact with the named artist.
  • manner of (P1777): The object is in similar style as the named artist, but not necessary from the same period.
  • forgery after (P1778): The object is a forgery trying to appear to be the work of the named artist.
  • possible creator (P1779): There is a bigger uncertainty about the creator of the object.
  • school of (P1780): The object is by an unknown creator with a style influenced by the known artist or circle, active in the same period, but a student or follower.
  • after a work by (P1877): The object was strongly inspired or copied by a work of the named artist.

If no distinguished instance is known but some qualities of the value of creator (P170) these should be added. For example:

Object history or provenance[edit]

Those properties are useful:

In c:Template:Artwork this information is hold in the object history field, mapping of c:Template:ProvenanceEvent has yet to be done!

The location of an artwork can be described with location (P276). For objects in depots or generally not on display instances of museum's storage space (Q18123400) can be used like locations of the Bavarian State Painting Collections with works not on display (Q29343881) or Louvre storage (depot) (Q19059868). Cf. also the discussion Wikidata talk:WikiProject sum of all paintings/Archive/2016#Location.

Qualifiers[edit]

Qualifiers are additional bits of data that make a statement more informative or more accurate. Like the main part of the statement they are composed of a qualifier/value couple. Here are some properties that can be useful as qualifiers:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
applies to part P518 Item part of the object for which the statement is true. Examples:
* creator (P170) John Doe applies to part (P518): background (Q13217555)
* material used (P186): canvas (Q4259259) applies to part (P518): painting surface (Q861259)
Lady with an Ermine <applies to part> painting surface -
determination method P459 Item scientific method: the method used by the source to make the statement. Examples:
* creator (P170) John Doe determination method (P459): stylistic analysis (Q11873636)
* point in time (P585) 6000 BC determination method (P459): radiocarbon dating (Q173412)
Property talk:P459 -
image P18 Commons media file illustration: when the image is particularly relevant for a particular statement. Examples:
* The Ambassadors (Q1212937) -> depicts (P180): human skull (Q9604) image (P18): Hans_Holbein_the_Younger_-_The_Ambassadors_-_Google_Art_Project-x1-y2.jpg.
* The Ambassadors (Q1212937) -> no label (P438): ÆTATIS SUAE 25 image (P18): Holbein age Selve.JPG
Hal Koerner <image> HalKoerner2009.jpg -
color P462 Item color: as a qualifier for material used (P186). Example:
*
charcoal <color> black -

The context of the visual arts[edit]

Notable art exhibitions[edit]

Art movement / Cultural movement / Architectural style / Art group ...[edit]

Wikidata contains many similar concepts that relate to movements, styles and other tendencies in the arts.

This may sound confusing. It's best to use common sense when distinguishing those. It is OK to use two (or more) concepts at the same time!

Please note: the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) from the Getty, probably the most widely used art vocabulary in the world, has only one 'branch' to bring all these concepts together. It calls them broadly Styles and Periods and then styles, periods and cultures.

Art movement[edit]

Cultural movement[edit]

Architectural style[edit]

Art group[edit]

  • An art group (Q4502119) is a club or group of artists who share a common ideal.
  • Usually, an art group has members and a founder. This is not the case for an art movement.
  • Wikidata does not have a separate indicator (yet?) for a so-called 'school' of artists who are contemporaries and who work in the same style, so art group is used in that case too.
  • Examples: Der Blaue Reiter (Q117035), COBRA (Q212611)
  • Item structure and to do list: WikiProject Visual Arts/Item structure/Art groups
  • Many languages don't know a difference between art group and art collective

Artist collective[edit]

Art colony[edit]

Art genre[edit]

Artistic theme[edit]

Culture / period[edit]

  • A culture (P2596) (such as Roman or Inca) is an artwork's affiliation with a particular ethno-cultural tradition, although the individual artist may be unknown.
  • A period (P2348) (such as the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt or the High Middle Ages) is an artwork's affiliation with a cultural-historical era, when it can best be dated by stylistic trends rather than a specific date.
  • earliest date (P1319) and latest date (P1326) can be useful as qualifiers for specifying the range of possible dates assigned by art historians to a work. sourcing circumstances (P1480) can also be use for "circa" or similar terms.
  • An intended public (P2360) is the target audience for a type of art that crosses cultures, such as Chinese export porcelain intended for the Western market.

See also...[edit]

Linking to other websites[edit]

Links to Wikipedia can be done though direct "sitelinks" for links to other websites, you can use the following properties:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
Joconde ID P347 External identifier Joconde: identifier in the Joconde database of the French Ministry of Culture The Fifer <Joconde ID> 000PE003910 -
RKDimages P350 External identifier RKDimages: identifier per RKDimages of the Netherlands Institute for Art History The Tiger Hunt <RKDimages> 198000 -
Commons category P373 String Commons category: name of the Wikimedia Commons category containing files related to this item (without the prefix "Category:") Calosoma reticulatum <Commons category> Calosoma reticulatum -
Europeana ID P727 External identifier Europeana: identifier in europeana.eu for books, paintings, films, museum objects and archival records that have been digitised throughout Europe Girl with a Pearl Earring <Europeana ID> 92034/GVNRC_MAU01_0670 -
described at URL P973 URL item is described at the following URL Mona Lisa <described at URL> http://musee.louvre.fr/oal/joconde/indexFR.html -
Atlas ID P1212 External identifier Atlas: identifier in the Atlas database of the Louvre Museum Q15933804 <Atlas ID> 6261 -

Note that these properties may also be used to source the statements see #Providing sources

Providing sources[edit]

Some statements do not really need a source (for instance that the Mona Lisa is a portrait or that its Joconde database ID is 000PE025604. However, in many cases, it is useful to provide references. See Help:Sources for more information.

References[edit]

  1. Cf. also Wikidata:WikiProject Visual arts/Questions#Items for single object parts!?
  2. Example for the use of part of (P361): Sunflowers (Q21948547); example for the use of series (P179): Still Life: Vase with Five Sunflowers (Q11770758). As of 4 January 2015 there is an open discussion about the use of the two properties on Property talk:P179#"has part" inverse uses.
  3. Belly Amphora by the Andokides Painter (Q540716)#P170 uses everything (Q2165236), Attic bilingual vases and their painters (Q11455120) and Attic bilingual vases and their painters (Q11455120).
    Cultural Objects Name Authority (Q11409212) Editorial Guidelines, section 3.6.3.5.5.3 List of Subject Extent terms might be taken as a guide for values to be created if needed.
  4. Cf. Property talk:P18.