Wikidata talk:Wiktionary/Glossary

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This page aims to gather terms useful when dealing with linguistic terminology within the scope of Wiktionary and Wikidata.

Every term should be completed with

  • a definition
  • a list of relationship with other entries
  • at least one matching example
  • possibly on counter-example

See also Wikidata:Glossary

Entries[edit]

allograph
allophone
catena
a unit of syntax and morphology, closely associated with dependency grammars.
chereme
a basic unit of signed communication, which is functionally and psychologically equivalent to the phonemes of oral languages.
clause
dependency grammar
[[w
Embedded clause
translations
French enchâssement de terme
w:emic units
expression
grapheme
grammar
grammeme
a unit of grammar, just as a lexeme is a lexical unit and a morpheme is a morphological unit.
glyph
knowledge branch
idiom
a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning
also named
idiomatic phrase
inflection
language
Lemma
the canonical form, dictionary form, or citation form of a set of words
also named
headword, head word, catchword
Lexeme
a unit of lexical meaning that exists regardless of the number of inflectional endings it may have or the number of words it may contain.
meaning
Phrase
Phrasem
a multi-word or multi-morphemic utterance at least one of whose components is selectionally constrained or restricted by linguistic convention such that it is not freely chosen
also named
set phrase, idiomatic phrase, multi-word expression, or idiom
person
lexical item
a single word, a part of a word, or a chain of words that forms the basic elements of a language's lexicon.
Lexicon
the vocabulary of a person, language, or branch of knowledge.
Lexis
the complete set of all possible words in a language.
meme
moneme
morph
morphem
the smallest grammatical unit in a language.
morphology
multi-word expression
a lexeme made up of a sequence of two or more lexemes that has properties that are not predictable from the properties of the individual lexemes or their normal mode of combination.
also named
phraseme
part of speech
a category of lexical items which have similar grammatical properties.
abbreviated form
PoS or POS
also named
form class, lexical class, lexical category, word class
phone
phoneme
root
a word that does not have a prefix in front of the word or a suffix at the end of the word.
also named
root word
sentence
seme
the smallest unit of meaning recognized in semantics, refers to a single characteristic of a sememe.
semene
a semantic language unit of meaning, analogous to a morpheme. The concept is relevant in structural semiotics.
Set phrase
a phrase whose parts are fixed in a certain order, even if the phrase could be changed without harming the literal meaning.
also named
fixed phrase
syntactic category
Syntax
tagmeme
the smallest functional element in the grammatical structure of a language.
term
Word
the smallest element that can be uttered in isolation with objective or practical meaning.
w:Word stem

References[edit]

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