Wikidata:WikiProject Source MetaData/Wikidata lists/Usage of Template Scholia/English Wikipedia

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Usage of Template Scholia on the English Wikipedia until mid-November 2019. For live data, see the query in the #Graph section.

For background on this page, see the About section of the parent page. For candidate articles to which a Scholia template might possibly be added soon, see Wikidata:WikiProject Scholia/Listeria/author/English Wikipedia article candidates for Scholia template.


The following query uses these:

# Usage chart for Template:Scholia on the English Wikipedia
# Note: this chart is based on
# which is updated about once a day by ListeriaBot

SELECT ?day ?count 
  BIND (CONCAT(" items") AS ?p)
#  BIND (CONCAT("∑ ") AS ?r)
  SERVICE wikibase:mwapi {
      bd:serviceParam wikibase:api "Generator" ; 
                      wikibase:endpoint "" ; 
                      mwapi:generator "allpages" ; 
                      mwapi:gapfrom "WikiProject_Source_MetaData/Wikidata_lists/Usage_of_Template_Scholia/English_Wikipedia" ; 
                      mwapi:gapto "WikiProject_Source_MetaData/Wikidata_lists/Usage_of_Template_Scholia/English_Wikipedia" ; 
                      mwapi:gapnamespace "4" ; 
                      mwapi:prop "revisions" ; 
                      mwapi:rvprop "content|timestamp" ; 
                      mwapi:rvlimit "7" ; 
                      mwapi:rvuser "ListeriaBot" .
      ?t1 wikibase:apiOutput "revisions/rev[1]/@timestamp" . ?r1 wikibase:apiOutput "revisions/rev[1]/text()" .
  BIND (xsd:dateTime(?t1) AS ?day)
  FILTER (?day >= "2018-08-01T00:00:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime) .
  BIND (STRAFTER(?r1, "∑ ") AS ?BeforeString) 
  BIND (STRBEFORE(?BeforeString, ?p) AS ?AfterString) 
  BIND (IF(CONTAINS(?r1, ?p), xsd:integer(?AfterString), -1) AS ?count)
  FILTER (?count > 0 )


This list is periodically updated by a bot. Manual changes to the list will be removed on the next update!

WDQS | PetScan | TABernacle | Find images Recent changes | Query: SELECT DISTINCT ?item WHERE { { SELECT ?item WHERE { SERVICE wikibase:mwapi { bd:serviceParam wikibase:endpoint "" . bd:serviceParam wikibase:api "Generator" . bd:serviceParam mwapi:generator "search" . bd:serviceParam mwapi:gsrsearch "hastemplate:Scholia" . bd:serviceParam mwapi:gsrlimit "max" . ?item wikibase:apiOutputItem mwapi:item . } } LIMIT 1000 } hint:Prior hint:runFirst "true". } LIMIT 1000

image Article description instance of
Cancer and Leukemia Group B U.S. research cooperative group
Clinical Trial Service Unit
pancreatic pseudocyst medical condition
mosquito net fine net used to exclude mosquitos and other biting insects
presidential election election of any head of state whose official title is President
Organocatalysis Method in organic chemistry
oncolytic virus virus that preferentially infects and kills cancer cells
respiratory alkalosis Respiratory alkalosis is a medical condition in which increased respiration reduces the arterial levels of carbon dioxide that, in turn, elevates the blood pH beyond the normal range (7.35-7.45)
rib fracture break in a rib bone
open access policy policy requiring or recommending Open Access to scientific publications
nephritic syndrome medical condition with the kidneys
multi-armed bandit reinforcement learning problem exemplifying the exploration–exploitation tradeoff
pheromone trap type of insect trap that uses pheromones to lure insects
open-access repository freely accessible repository of research publications and data
pregnancy-associated malaria
Multi-agent reinforcement learning sub-field of reinforcement learning
nucleoside-modified messenger RNA chemically modified messenger RNA
phylogenetic reconciliation methodology
mouthguard protective device for the mouth
baby walker Trotteur (marche)
autoethnography qualitative research combining self-reflection and personal experience with wider cultural, political, and social issues
Childhood blindness medical condition
zoonosis pathogenic disease that can be transmitted from one animal species to another (or human)
voting method for a group such as a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion
social norm informal understanding of acceptable conduct
pedogenesis soil forming processes
user-generated content online content created by users
self-assembly Process of a disordered system forming organized structures without external direction.
transfection planned process of introducing nucleic acids into living cells
Tax inversion corporate move to a lower tax jurisdiction
sewage wastewater generated from domestic greywater and blackwater
species richness ecological concept
BBIBP-CorV Chinese inactivated virus candidate vaccine against COVID-19
Anhui Zhifei Longcom Biopharmaceutical COVID-19 vaccine candidate candidate vaccine against COVID-19
Gam-COVID-Vac Russian viral vector vaccine based on human adenovirus
variant of SARS-CoV-2 variants of the SARS-CoV-2 virus with a different genetic sequence
Valneva COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
SOBERANA 02 vaccine against COVID-19
WIBP-CorV vaccine against COVID-19
Vabiotech COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
VBI-2902 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Use and development of software for COVID-19 pandemic mitigation
Walvax COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
West China Hospital COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
TURKOVAC vaccine candidate against COVID-19
V-01 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
SKYCovione vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Vaxart COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Stemirna COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Sinopharm CNBG COVID-19 vaccine vaccine against COVID-19
transition metal series of chemical elements
Metal-organic framework class of chemical substance
knowledge graph information repository structured as a graph
engram hypothetical means by which memory traces are stored
excimer laser type of ultraviolet laser important in chip manufacturing and eye surgery
directed evolution method used in protein engineering that mimics the process of natural selection to steer proteins or nucleic acids toward a user-defined goal
fat embolism type of embolism
collective action action taken together by a group of people whose goal is to enhance their status and achieve a common objective
Ectomycorrhiza non-penetrative symbiotic association between a fungus and the roots of a vascular plant
epicuticular wax in plants wax coating on the plant cuticle
Ebola virus disease treatment research
comparison of user features of messaging platforms communications protocol for message-oriented middleware
pollen fine to coarse powder containing the microgametophytes of seed plants
radio-frequency identification technology using electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track tags attached to objects
open educational resource educational materials that can be freely used and reused
wood pellet biofuels made from compressed organic matter or biomass
open hardware hardware whose design documents are openly accessible to and modifiable by others
peer review evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work
ontology specification of a conceptualization (computer science and information science)
politics of the United States overview of political matters in the United States of America
political campaign attempt to influence the decision making process within a specific group
open-source software software whose source code is available under an open source license
RNA sequencing process of cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, sequencing, and information analysis of an RNA sequence
neurotoxicity toxic effects on the nervous system
sealioning type of trolling or harassment
predatory publishing business practice
QazCovid-in vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Sanofi–GSK COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Sanofi–Translate Bio COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Razi Cov Pars vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Noora vaccine candidate against COVID-19
ReCOV vaccine candidate against COVID-19
S-268019 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
SCTV01C vaccine candidate against COVID-19
robotic arm type of mechanical arm with similar functions to a human arm
keep type of fortified tower built within castles during the Middle Ages by European nobility
messenger RNA large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they specify the amino acid sequence of the protein products of gene expression
incubation period time between an infection and the onset of disease symptoms
micelles aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds
linked data structured data and method for its publication
knowledge base information repository with multiple applications
hydrothermal vent fissure in a planet's surface from which geothermally heated water issues
molecular sieve filter material with homogeneously sized pores in the nanometer range
immunologic adjuvant substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate or modulate the immune response
microbiome biome of microbes
minimally-invasive procedures surgical techniques that limit the size of incisions needed
mansion large dwelling house
mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic impact of the pandemic on the mental health, including stress, anxiety and worry for many individuals around the world, arising both from the disease itself and from response measures such as social distancing
MVC COVID-19 Vaccine COVID-19 vaccine made by Medigen
microbiota assembly of microorganisms belonging to different kingdoms; part of a microbiome (which consists of the microbiota and their environment)
BBV154 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
NDV-HXP-S COVID-19 vaccine candidate
Nanocovax vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Minhai COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
ImmunityBio COVID-19 vaccine viral vector COVID-19 vaccine developed by ImmunityBio
MRNA-1283 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
LYB001 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
KD-414 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
INNA-051 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
MigVax-101 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
coma cloud of gas or a trail around a comet or asteroid
CRISPR family of DNA sequence found in prokaryotic organisms
antimalarial agents used in the treatment of malaria
apomixis replacement of the normal sexual reproduction by asexual reproduction, without fertilization
community development communities taking collective action to solve common problems
bathymetry study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors
biomarker indicator of a biological state or condition
basic reproduction number metric in epidemiology showing average measure of a pathogen’s infectiousness
contact tracing process of finding and identifying people in close contact with someone who is infected with a transmissible pathogen
academic publishing subfield of publishing which distributes academic research and scholarship
COVIran Barekat COVID-19 vaccine developed by Iranian state-owned Shifa Pharmed Industrial Group
Abdala vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences COVID-19 vaccine vaccine candidate against COVID-19
AG0302-COVID‑19 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
Bangavax vaccine candidate against COVID-19
COVI-VAC candidate vaccine against COVID-19
ARCT-154 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
COVAX-19 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
AdCLD-CoV19 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
ABNCoV2 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
202-CoV vaccine candidate against COVID-19
AKS-452 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
COH04S1 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
child mortality death rate of infants and young children
dendrochronology method of dating based on the analysis of patterns of tree rings
homelessness circumstance when people desire a permanent dwelling but do not have one
herbicide chemical used to kill unwanted plants
coprolite fossilized feces
deep brain stimulation surgical treatment involving the implantation of a medical device called a brain pacemaker
digital preservation formal endeavor to ensure that digital information of continuing value remains accessible, trustworthy, and usable
hillfort type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement
eye tracking measuring the point of gaze or motion of an eye relative to the head
electronic publishing publishing and disseminating documents via electronic means
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation extracorporeal technique of providing both cardiac and respiratory support
high-intensity interval training exercise strategy alternating periods of short intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods
Ad5-nCoV Chinese adenovirus-based vaccine against COVID-19
Covaxin / BBV152 vaccine against COVID-19
EpiVacCorona experimental Russian COVID-19 vaccine
Corbevax candidate vaccine against COVID-19
HGC019 candidate vaccine against COVID-19
DelNS1-2019-nCoV-RBD-OPT vaccine candidate against COVID-19
GX-19 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
EuCorVac-19 vaccine candidate against COVID-19
drinking water water safe for consumption
public election process by which a population chooses the holder of a public office

United States presidential election[edit]

image Article description instance of
1948 United States presidential election 41st quadrennial U.S. presidential election United States presidential election
2016 United States presidential election 58th quadrennial U.S. presidential election United States presidential election

academic discipline[edit]

image Article description instance of
altmetrics study of alternative metrics for analyzing and informing scholarship academic discipline
academic major
community health field of public health focusing on the health of communities academic discipline

archaeological sub-discipline[edit]

image Article description instance of
zooarchaeology branch of archaeology that studies remains of animals from archaeological sites archaeological sub-discipline
branch of zoology
medieval archaeology archaeological sub-discipline archaeological sub-discipline

archaeology journal[edit]

image Article description instance of
Britannia journal archaeology journal
Public Archaeology journal archaeology journal

astronomical object type[edit]

image Article description instance of
black hole astronomical object so massive, that anything falling into it, including light, cannot escape its gravity astronomical object type
extrasolar planet any planet beyond the Solar System astronomical object type

biological process[edit]

image Article description instance of
vasodilation increase in the internal diameter of blood vessels due to relaxation of smooth muscle cells biological process
glycogen catabolic process The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of glycogen, a polydisperse, highly branched glucan composed of chains of D-glucose residues biological process
horizontal gene transfer movement of genetic material between organisms other than by transmission from parent to offspring biological process
tricarboxylic acid cycle metabolic pathway biological process
bioluminescence The production of light by certain enzyme-catalyzed reactions in cells. biological process
color in nature
chemotaxis the directed movement of a motile cell or organism, or the directed growth of a cell guided by a specific chemical concentration gradient. Movement may be towards a higher concentration (positive chemotaxis) or towards a lower concentration (negative biological process
apoptotic process programmed cell death in multicellular organisms biological process
hemopoiesis formation of blood cellular components biological process

branch of science[edit]

image Article description instance of
carbon sequestration process of long-term carbon capture branch of science
climate change mitigation
digital humanities an area of scholarly activity at the intersection of computing or digital technologies and the disciplines of the humanities branch of science
academic discipline


image Article description instance of
BioNTech Biotechnology company from Germany business
public company
Fosun Pharmaceutical Chinese pharmaceutical company business
public company


image Article description instance of
Pevensey Castle medieval castle in a former Roman fort at Pevensey in the English county of East Sussex castle
archaeological site
Deganwy Castle castle in Wales castle
archaeological site
Dover Castle medieval castle in Dover, Kent, England castle
archaeological site
history museum

cellular component[edit]

image Article description instance of
actin filament filament in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells cellular component
Golgi apparatus cell organelle that packages proteins for export cellular component

chemical compound[edit]

image Article description instance of
Olokizumab chemical compound chemical compound
monoclonal antibody
type of chemical entity
amodiaquine chemical compound chemical compound
essential medicine
type of chemical entity
artesunate chemical compound chemical compound
essential medicine
type of chemical entity
favipiravir experimental antiviral drug with potential activity against RNA viruses chemical compound
type of chemical entity
phencyclidine organic compound chemical compound
heterocyclic compound
type of chemical entity
perfluorooctanoic acid chemical compound chemical compound
carboxylic acid
developmental toxicant
type of chemical entity
pyrimethamine chemical compound chemical compound
essential medicine
developmental toxicant
type of chemical entity
remdesivir chemical compound and antiviral drug chemical compound
antiviral drug
type of chemical entity
azithromycin chemical compound chemical compound
essential medicine
type of chemical entity
chloroquine chemical compound chemical compound
essential medicine
type of chemical entity
benzene hydrocarbon compound consisting of a 6-sided ring chemical compound
type of chemical entity
gabapentin anticonvulsant medication for seizures and pain chemical compound
Gamma-amino acids
type of chemical entity

class of disease[edit]

image Article description instance of
radial neuropathy Human disease class of disease
renal artery obstruction narrowing of one of the renal arteries, most often caused by atherosclerosis or fibromuscular dysplasia class of disease
pulmonary valve stenosis Human disease class of disease
cor pulmonale human disease class of disease
nephronophthisis congenital disorder of urinary system class of disease
polyneuropathy peripheral system disease that is characterized by damage affecting peripheral nerves (peripheral neuropathy) in roughly the same areas on both sides of the body, featuring weakness, numbness, pins-and-needles, and burning pain class of disease
neuromuscular disease neuropathy that affect the nerves that control the voluntary muscles class of disease
protein S deficiency disorder associated with increased risk of venous thrombosis class of disease
Nezelof syndrome Human disease class of disease
pulmonary valve insufficiency disease that occurs when the pulmonary valve is not strong enough to prevent backflow into the right ventricle class of disease
kidney papillary necrosis Human disease class of disease
rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata Human disease class of disease
cerebral amyloid angiopathy amyloidosis where amyloid protein progressively deposits in cerebral blood vessel walls with subsequent degenerative vascular changes class of disease
autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome autoimmune disease of endocrine system with auto-reactivity against endocrine organs class of disease
Bernard-Soulier syndrome Human disease class of disease
autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2 An autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome that is characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes auto-reactivity against endocrine organs. It is more heterogeneous and has not been linked to one gene. class of disease
acute proliferative glomerulonephritis Human disease class of disease
autosomal recessive polycystic kidney recessive form of polycystic kidney disease class of disease
acral lentiginous melanoma kind of lentiginous skin melanoma class of disease
Buschke–Ollendorff syndrome medical condition class of disease
vascular disease cardiovascular system disease that primarily affects the blood vessels class of disease
limb-girdle muscular dystrophy muscular dystrophy characterized by weakening of the muscles of the hip and shoulders which comprise the limb girdle muscles class of disease
lupus nephritis inflammation of the kidneys class of disease
chronic wasting disease animal disease class of disease
congenital muscular dystrophy human disease class of disease
hemophilia A X-linked disease that has material basis in Factor VIII deficiency, which results in the formation of fibrin deficient clots which makes coagulation much more prolonged class of disease
symptom or sign
constrictive pericarditis heart disorder in which the pericardial sac becomes thickened and fibrotic, tightening the myocardium and impeding the normal myocardial function class of disease
hemopericardium pericardial effusion that results from blood in the pericardial sac class of disease
cytomegalovirus retinitis retinitis that has material basis in Cytomegalovirus class of disease
complement deficiency primary immunodeficiency disease that is the result in a mutation of a gene encoding one of the thirty complement system proteins, produced predominantly in liver, which function to defend against infection and produce inflammation class of disease
portal hypertension hypertension in the hepatic portal system class of disease
prosopagnosia inability to recognize familiar faces class of disease
nephritis inflammation of the kidneys class of disease
symptom or sign
pityriasis rosea type of skin rash class of disease
symptom or sign
pulmonary hypertension medical condition class of disease
symptom or sign
liver disease disorder of the human liver class of disease
mitral valve stenosis mitral valve disease that is characterized by the narrowing of the orifice of the mitral valve of the heart class of disease
infective endocarditis endocarditis that is characterized by inflammation of the endocardium caused by infectious agents. class of disease
cholangiocarcinoma bile duct adenocarcinoma that has material basis in bile duct epithelial cells. class of disease
cholangitis bile duct disease that is an inflammation of the bile duct class of disease
symptom or sign
aortic valve insufficiency aortic valve disease that is characterized by leaking of the aortic valve of the heart causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle class of disease
cerebrovascular disease artery disease that is characterized by dysfunction of the blood vessels supplying the brain class of disease
endocarditis endocardium disease characterized by inflammation of the endocardium of the heart chambers and valves class of disease
symptom or sign
hyperopia visual defect which causes to see the far objects clearly and near objects unclearly class of disease
symptom or sign
hemophilia B An inherited blood coagulation disease that has material basis in Factor IX deficiency, which makes coagulation much more prolonged. The disease is inherited as an X-linked recessive trait. class of disease


image Article description instance of
ecological footprint individual's or a group's human demand on nature concept
grave good objects placed intentionally in a grave concept

connective tissue[edit]

image Article description instance of
perimysium histological term connective tissue
endomysium wispy layer of areolar connective tissue connective tissue

daily newspaper[edit]

image Article description instance of
The Washington Post daily broadsheet newspaper in Washington, D.C. daily newspaper
San Francisco Chronicle newspaper serving the San Francisco Bay area daily newspaper
O Estado de São Paulo Brazilian daily newspaper daily newspaper
Newspaper of record
Folha de S. Paulo Brazilian daily newspaper daily newspaper
online newspaper
Newspaper of record

designated intractable/rare diseases[edit]

image Article description instance of
branchiootorenal syndrome autosomal dominant genetic disorder involving the kidneys, ears, and neck designated intractable/rare diseases
rare disease
class of disease
Kennedy disease Kennedy's disease, also known as bulbospinal muscular atrophy (BSMA), is a rare X-linked recessive motor neuron disease characterized by proximal and bulbar muscle wasting designated intractable/rare diseases
rare disease
class of disease
congenital dyserythropoietic anemia congenital hemolytic anemia characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis, and resulting from a decrease in the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in the body and a less than normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood designated intractable/rare diseases
rare disease
class of disease
neurofibromatoses human diseases designated intractable/rare diseases
rare disease
class of disease
symptom or sign
autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease congenital disorder of urinary system designated intractable/rare diseases
class of disease
muscular dystrophy diseases that weaken the body's muscles designated intractable/rare diseases
class of disease

developmental defect during embryogenesis[edit]

image Article description instance of
beta-mannosidosis lysosomal storage disease that has material basis in deficiency of the beta-A-manosidase enzyme resulting in the disruption of N-linked glycoprotein oligosaccharide catabolism developmental defect during embryogenesis
class of disease
oculocerebrorenal syndrome Human disease developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease
Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome a rare overgrowth syndrome and hamartomatous disorder with occurrence of multiple subcutaneous lipomas, macrocephaly and hemangiomas. developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease
acrodermatitis enteropathica Human disease developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease
hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies peripheral neuropathy developmental defect during embryogenesis
class of disease
aortic valve stenosis aortic valve disease that has physical basis in incomplete opening of the aortic valve developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease


image Article description instance of
renovascular hypertension Human disease disease
class of disease
platelet storage pool deficiency Human disease disease
class of disease
beta thalassemia thalassemia characterized by the reduced or absent synthesis of the beta globin chains of hemoglobin disease
rare disease
class of disease
arterial tortuosity syndrome connective tissue disease that is characterized by elongation and generalized tortuosity of the major arteries including the aorta disease
developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease
17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency human disease disease
developmental defect during embryogenesis
rare disease
class of disease
hyper IgM syndrome primary immune deficiency disorders characterized by defective CD40 signaling disease
rare disease
class of disease
Jackson–Weiss syndrome disease disease
developmental defect during embryogenesis
class of disease
chronic pancreatitis human disease disease
mitral valve insufficiency disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly when the heart pumps out blood disease
class of disease
hyperplasia increase in the amount of organic tissue that results from cell proliferation disease
hypocalcaemia low calcium levels in blood serum disease
abnormally low value
metabolic disease disease that involving errors in metabolic processes of building or degradation of molecules disease
class of disease
dyslexia specific learning disability characterized by troubles with reading disease
learning disability
reading disability
class of disease
encephalitis acute inflammation of the brain with flu-like symptoms disease
class of disease
symptom or sign
diabetic nephropathy disease disease

disease outbreak[edit]

image Article description instance of
2017 Uganda Marburg virus outbreak disease outbreak
2018 Democratic Republic of the Congo Ebola virus outbreak disease outbreak
COVID-19 pandemic in the United States ongoing COVID-19 viral pandemic in the United States disease outbreak
state of emergency


image Article description instance of
Western African Ebola virus epidemic 2014-15 Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa epidemic
public health emergency of international concern
disease outbreak
2018–2020 Kivu Ebola epidemic Ebola virus outbreak epidemic
public health emergency of international concern

ethnic group[edit]

image Article description instance of
Bamun people ethnic group in Cameroon ethnic group
Bamileke people ethnic group of West Province of Cameroon ethnic group
Yoruba people ethnic group of Nigeria, Benin and Togo ethnic group
Tutsi ethnic group inhabiting the African Great Lakes region ethnic group
Somalis ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa ethnic group
Shona people Bantu ethnic group native to southern Africa ethnic group
Tswana people ethnic group ethnic group
Swazi people ethnic group of Eswatini, Mozambique, South Africa, and Zimbabwe ethnic group
Pygmy people ethnic group whose average height is unusually short ethnic group
Oromo people ethnic group in Ethiopia, with several subcategories ethnic group
Kikuyu ethnic group in Kenya ethnic group
Igbo people ethnic group of southeastern Nigeria ethnic group

financial term[edit]

image Article description instance of
Fed model theory of equity valuation financial term
Greenspan put Monetary policy tool of the Federal Reserve financial term

funded product[edit]

image Article description instance of
UB-612 experimental COVID-19 vaccine funded product
AZD1222 viral vector vaccine for prevention of COVID-19 funded product
NVX-CoV2373 vaccine against COVID-19 funded product
SCB-2019 candidate vaccine against COVID-19 funded product
vaccine type
tozinameran mRNA vaccine against COVID-19 from BioNTech in cooperation with Pfizer funded product
mRNA-1273 vaccine mRNA vaccine for COVID-19 funded product
INO-4800 experimental vaccine against COVID-19 funded product
vaccine type
Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 vaccine of Johnson & Johnson funded product
chemical substance
BriLife experimental COVID-19 vaccine funded product
zorecimeran candidate vaccine against COVID-19 funded product

genetic disease[edit]

image Article description instance of
immune dysregulation-polyendocrinopathy-enteropathy-X-linked syndrome hypersensitivity reaction type II disease characterized by onset in infancy of refractory diarrhea, endocrinopathies, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and dermatitis that has material basis in mutation in the FOXP3 gene on chromosome Xp11 genetic disease
class of disease
congenital hyperinsulinism genetic disease genetic disease
class of disease

government agency[edit]

image Article description instance of
Bureau of Public Affairs U.S. State Department division government agency
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health United States government agency for preventing work-related health and safety problems government agency

group or class of chemical substances[edit]

image Article description instance of
alpha acid group of chemical compounds group or class of chemical substances
fullerene class of allotropes of carbon group or class of chemical substances

group or class of strains[edit]

image Article description instance of
SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19 group or class of strains
SARS-CoV-2 Alpha variant variant of SARS-CoV-2 group or class of strains
variant of concern
variant of SARS-CoV-2

history journal[edit]

image Article description instance of
American Antiquity scholarly journal aimed towards archaeology history journal
archaeology journal
academic journal
Archaeologia Cambrensis historical scholarly journal history journal
academic journal
archaeology journal
Speculum American quarterly academic journal history journal
Journal of Medieval History journal history journal


image Article description instance of
Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center hospital in Missouri, United States hospital
NCI-designated Cancer Center
Galveston National Laboratory high security National Biocontainment Laboratory hospital


image Article description instance of
Antje Boetius German biologist human
Alastair Robinson Taxonomist specialising in carnivorous plants human
Agata Smoktunowicz Polish mathematician human
Akiyoshi Kitaoka Japanese psychologist human
André Aubréville French botanist (1897-1982) human
Claude Berrou French mathematician human
Barry Trost American chemist human
Assaf Naor Israeli mathematician human
Beth Shapiro American biologist human
Charles A. Dinarello American immunologist human
Christopher Hawkesworth earth scientist human
Alexandre Kirillov Russian mathematician human
Christina Maslach American psychologist human
Arthur Dendy Australian-British zoologist (1865-1925) human
Anthony M. Young Australian mycologist (1943- ) human
Alfred Balachowsky French entomologist born in Russia human
Alison Gopnik American psychologist human
Arthur Mills Lea Australian entomologist (1868–1932) human
Bill Molyneux Australian botanist human
Bruce Greyson American psychiatrist human
Barbara Pickersgill British botanist (born 1940) human
Bernard Haisch American astrophysicist human
Alasdair Whittle British archaeologist human
Adrienne Clarke Australian plant geneticist & botanist (1938 -) human
Agnes Binagwaho Rwandan pediatrician, academic and politician human
Alan Vince British archaeologist (1952-2009) human
Alimuddin Zumla Zambian physician human
Allen Steere American rheumatologist human
Alon Y. Halevy Israeli-American computer scientist human
Ami Klin Autism researcher human
Andrew John Lees neurologist human
Andy Kessler American writer human
Anne Schuchat American physician human
Annette Karmiloff-Smith developmental psychologist human
Antonia Gransden British historian human
Antony John Williams Welsh chemist human
Aseem Shukla Pediatric Urologist human
Bernard Roizman American virologist human
Bernhard Schölkopf German computer scientist human
Bob Altemeyer psychologist human
Bonnie Nardi American academic human
Carenza Lewis British archaeologist human
Charles Thorn American theoretical physicist human
Christopher Hawkes British archaeologist (1905-1992) human
Cliff Asness businessman and financial theorist human
Anthony Edward Orchard Australian botanist (born 1946) human
Christer Erséus Swedish zoologist (1951-) human
Bryan Alwyn Barlow Australian botanist human
Charles Boursin French entomologist human
Caroline Criado-Perez British journalist and author human
Audrey Smith British cryobiologist (1915-1981) human
Amy H. Herring American biostatistician human
Alison Bashford Australian historian of world science human
Arthur ter Hofstede Dutch computer scientist human
Alice Eagly Professor of psychology and of management human
David Marsden English neurologist and neuroscientist human
Andrew F. Read Evan Pugh Professor of Biology and Entomology in the Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics (CIDD) at Pennsylvania State University human
Adam Hart English scientist, author and broadcaster human
Arve Elvebakk Norwegian lichenologist human
Barbara Ann Whitlock botanist human
Carlos Lehnebach Chilean born New Zealand botanist and botanical collector human
Beric Morley British architectural historian and archaeologist human
Beverley Glover British biologist specialising in botany human
Asha de Vos marine biologist human
Christl Ann Donnelly Professor of Statistical Epidemiology at Imperial College London human
Alison Sheridan archaeologist and museum curator human
Carolyn F. Wilkins Australian botanist (1945 - human
Chris Gosden British archaeologist human
Bernhard Landwehrmeyer researcher human
Cissy Kityo Ugandan physician and medical researcher human
Alan J. Jamieson Scottish ichthyologist human
Christine Stephens New Zealand ageing researcher human
Apryl A. Alexander American clinical and forensic psychologist and researcher human
Bette L. Otto‐Bliesner researcher using computer modelling of climate human
Angela Wanhalla professor of history in New Zealand human
Alison Singer American autism advocate human
Cat Pausé fat feminism researcher and activist human
Colleen S. Kraft American infectious diseases physician human
Adi Utarini Indonesian public health researcher human
Amanda Villepastour Australian-born ethnomusicologist and former professional musician human
Alexander Ostrowski Russian mathematician human
Ralph Steinman Canadian immunologist and cell biologist human
Peter Walter American biologist human
Oliver Smithies Biochemistry, genetics, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2007 human
Peter Suber American philosopher human
Peter van Nieuwenhuizen Dutch physicist human
Randy Schekman Nobel prize winning American cell biologist human
Omar M. Yaghi American chemist human
Peter Murray-Rust English chemist and open knowledge activist human
Paul Graham Wilson Australian Botanist human
Paul Cohn German mathematician (1924-2006) human
Nathan Jacobson American mathematician human
Philip J. Currie Canadian paleontologist and museum curator human
Norman I. Platnick American arachnologist human
René gerónimo favaloro Argentinian cardiologist (1923-2000) human
Persi Diaconis American mathematician human
Peter Hegemann German biophysicist human
Peter J. Ratcliffe British biologist & Nobel laureate in medicine human
Philippe Édouard Léon Van Tieghem French botanist and biologist (1839–1914) human
Nigel Owens Welsh rugby union referee human
Pardis C. Sabeti Iranian-American biologist, Harvard University human
Peter C. Fishburn American mathematician human
Chien Wei-zang Chinese scientist (1912-2010) human
Patricia Bergquist New Zealand zoologist, anatomist and biologist (1933-2009) human
Nancy Reid Canadian statistician, University of Toronto human
Morten P. Meldal Danish chemist (born 1954) human
Olga Kennard British crystallographer human
Olga Troyanskaya American academic human
Peter H. Gleick American scientist (1956-) human
Peter J. Hotez American vaccinologist human
Peter J. Stang German American chemist human
Rachid Yazami Moroccan scientist human
Paul Forster New Zealand-born Australian botanist (b. 1961) human
Peter Mathieson English nephrologist human
Peter Diggle British statistician human
Pauline Ladiges Australian botanist (born 1948) human
Peter Wilfred James British lichenologist (1930-2014) human
Monique Ryan Australian paediatric neurologist and politician human
Patricia Babbitt Professor at the University of California, San Francisco human
Nicky Best English statistician human
Nancy E. Messonnier American medical epidemiologist at the CDC human
Natalie E. Dean American biostatistician specializing in infectious disease epidemiology human
Najla Bouden Tunisian engineer, academic and politician human
Pierre Ramond American physicist human
Bert Sakmann German biologist and physician (1991 Nobel Prize) human
Benjamin List German chemist (1968-) human
Albert Eschenmoser Swiss chemist human
Andrew Schally Polish-American endocrinologist human
Barry Cunliffe English archaeologist human
Aaron Ciechanover Israeli biologist and Nobel Laureate human
Abraham Adrian Albert American mathematician (1905-1972) human
Allan Riverstone McCulloch Australian ichthyologist (1885-1925) human
Ara Darzi British surgeon human
Amos Tutuola Nigerian writer (1920-1997) human
Andrew C. Fabian British X-ray astronomer human
Buchi Emecheta author human
Alan Fersht British chemist human
Bruno Zumino Italian physicist human
Arthur Ashkin American physicist (1922-2020) human
Atholl Anderson New Zealand archaeologist and anthropologist human
Bert W. O'Malley American endocrinologist human
Brent Dalrymple American geologist human
Alan B. Krueger American economist human
Charles David Allis American molecular biologist human
Amy Finkelstein American economist human
Charles Edward Hubbard English botanist (1900-1980) human
Adam White Scottish zoologist (1817–1878) human
Bernard Bachrach American historian human
Bruce Maslin Australian botanist human
Carol S. Dweck American psychologist human
Anders Krogh Danish bioinformatician human
Angelika Amon Austrian American molecular and cell biologist and academic human
Anthony Bean Australian botanist human
Bernard Hyland Australian botanist (1937- ) human
Carl Bergstrom theoretical and evolutionary biologist human
Barbara Lynette Rye Australian botanist (1952-) human
Alfonso Valencia Spanish biologist human
Barbara Iglewski American microbiologist human
Barbara York Main Australian arachnologist (1929-2019) human
Brian John Coppins British botanist and lichenologist human
Barry Conn Australian botanist (1948 - ) human
Charles M. Rice American virologist human
Biman Bagchi Indian Bengali chemist (born 1954) human
Ashish Jha Indian-American physician human
Ardem Patapoutian molecular biologist, neuroscientist, and Nobel laureate 2021 human
Bonnie Henry Provincial Health Officer of British Columbia, Canada human
Anne Wyllie New Zealand microbiologist and epidemiologist human
Caitlin Rivers American epidemiologist specializing in emerging infectious disease human
Abigail A. Salyers American microbiologist (1942-2013) human
Shinya Yamanaka Japanese doctor and medical scientist (1962-) human
Stephan von Breuning Austrian entomologist (1894–1983) human
Stefan Hell director at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, Germany human
Thomas C. Südhof German biochemist human
Susumu Tonegawa Japanese biologist (1939 - ) human
Stanley B. Prusiner Neurologist, biochemist human
Svante Pääbo Swedish geneticist (born 1955) human
Winston Ponder New Zealand /Australian zoologist and malacologist human
Wallace Smith Broecker American geochronologist and oceanographer human
Simon Baron-Cohen British psychologist and author human
Thomas Piketty French economist human
Thomas E. Starzl American physician (1926-2017) human
Tasuku Honjo Japanese doctors and medical scientists (1942-) human
Shiva Ayyadurai Indian inventor human
W. Ian Lipkin professor, microbiologist, epidemiologist human
Ōsumi Yoshinori Japanese molecular biologist (1945 - ) human
Zhong Nanshan Chinese pulmonologist human
Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus Ethiopian microbiologist, malaria researcher, and politician, Director-General of the World Health Organization human
Shi Zhengli Chinese virologist (1964-) human
Timnit Gebru computer scientist, specialising in AI ethics human
Uta Frith German developmental psychologist human
Julius Weise German entomologist (1844–1925) human
Max Burret German botanist (1883-1964) human
Jonathan Bowen British computer scientist human
Michael Rossmann German-American physicist and microbiologist human
Jean-Marie Lehn French chemist human
Klaus Hasselmann German oceanographer, climate modeller, and Physics Nobel Prize Laureate in 2021 human
Kurt Wüthrich Swiss chemist human
Michael Grätzel Swiss chemist (1944-) human
Johannes V. Jensen Danish author (1873-1950) human
Jane Luu Vietnamese American astronomer human
M. Stanley Whittingham Nobel laureate in chemistry & American chemist human
Louis Ignarro American physiologist human
Joseph Silk British-American astronomer human
Lewis Binford American archaeologist (1931-2011) human
Jiří Matoušek Czech mathematician (b.1963) human
Hyman Bass American mathematician human
Kevin Thiele Australian botanist (1959- ) human
Michael E. Mann American physicist and climatologist human
Krzysztof Matyjaszewski Polish-American chemist famous for discovering 'Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization' (ATRP) technique for polymer synthesis human
Martin Karplus Austrian-born American theoretical chemist human
Joshua Angrist Israeli-American economist human
Karl Deisseroth optogeneticist human
Keith Edward Bullen Mathematician and geophysicist (1906-1976) human
Michael Kremer American development economist human
Marcia McNutt American geophysicist human
Jean Weissenbach French geneticist human
Kim Nasmyth British biochemist human
Margaret G. Kivelson American geophysicist, planetary scientist human
Michael Houghton virologist human
Milo Aukerman American singer scientist human
Mark W. Chase British botanist human
Ian Brooker Australian botanist (1934-2016) human
Herbert G. Baker botanist (1920-2001) human
Jean-Pierre Sauvage French nanotechnologist human
Kelly DeVries American military historian human
Mark S. Harvey Australian arachnologist human
Michael D. Crisp Australian botanist human
Mary Douglas Tindale Australian botanist (1920-2011) human
Marco F. Duretto Australian botanist human
Johan Rockström Swedish hydrologist human
James Hamlyn Willis Australian botanist (1910-1995) human
James L. McGaugh American neuroscientist human
John Ioannidis professor and chairman at the Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology human
Jørgen Christensen-Dalsgaard Danish astronomer human
Karl J. Friston British neuroscientist human
Kate O'Brien pediatric infectious disease physician, epidemiologist, and vaccinologist human
Lyndley Alan Craven Australian botanist (1945-2014) human
Marcus E. Raichle neuroscientist human
Mark Bender Gerstein American Bioinformatician human
Mark Z. Jacobson American climate- and energy scientist and professor at Stanford University human
Michael R. Hayden South African - Canadian physician human
Maarten J.M. Christenhusz Dutch botanist human
Lauren Berlant American academic and cultural theorist human
Mariana Mazzucato Italian-American economist, professor (University College London) human
Margaret Brimble New Zealand chemist human
Mason Ellsworth Hale American lichenologist (1928-1990) human
Hinke Maria Osinga Dutch mathematician in New Zealand human
John Alan Elix Australian lichenologist, chemist human
Michal Linial Israeli computational biologist human
Joachim Frank German-born American biophysicist and Nobel laureate human
Jean-Jacques Muyembe-Tamfum congolese virologist human
Jemma L Geoghegan researcher human
Kimberly Prather American atmospheric chemist human
Jadranka Travaš-Sejdić New Zealand scientist working on conductive polymers human
Katie Bouman American engineer and computer scientist human
Kami Kandola Canadian doctor, Chief Public Health Officer for Northwest Territories human
Holly Lawford-Smith researcher and academic human
June Raine chief executive of the MHRA human
Ian Town Chief Science Advisor to the Ministry of Health in New Zealand human
J. Horace Round English historian and genealogist human
Ernst Witt German mathematician human
Harald zur Hausen German virologist and professor emeritus human
Erwin Neher German biophysicist human
Gerald Teschl Austrian mathematician human
Gottfried Köthe German mathematician (1905-1989) human
Franz-Ulrich Hartl German chemist human
David Marr British neuroscientist and psychologist human
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi French virologist and Nobel laureate human
H. Robert Horvitz American biologist human
Daniel Z. Freedman American physicist human
Daniel Quillen American mathematician human
Helen Caldicott Australian physician, author and anti-nuclear advocate human
George Robert Waterhouse English scientist human
Frederick William Hope English entomologist (1797-1862) human
Gérard Mourou French physicist human
Daniel Pauly Canadian biologist human
Harold E. Puthoff American physicist human
David Card Canadian economist (1956-) human
Donald Metcalf Australian medical researcher (1929-2014) human
Edward C. T. Chao U. S. Geological Survey human
Gregg L. Semenza American physician and university teacher, Nobel laureate in Medicine human
Hans Clevers Dutch geneticist, immunologist human
Ewine van Dishoeck Dutch astronomer and chemist human
Chris Dobson British chemist (1949-2019) human
Gordon Herriot Cunningham New Zealand mycologist and plant pathologist (1892–1962) human
François Pellegrin French botanist (1881–1965) human
Greta Stevenson New Zealand mycologist (1911-1990) human
Diane E. Griffin biologist human
Cyrus Chothia biochemist (1942 - 2019) human
David Carpenter British historian human
David J. Lipman American biologist human
David Mabberley British botanist human
David MacMillan British chemist (1968-) human
David Serwadda Ugandan physician human
Dianne Edwards Welsh palaeobotanist (1942- ) human
Eleanor A. Maguire Irish neuropsychologist human
Eve Marder American neuroscientist human
Flora Nwapa Nigerian writer human
Gail Trimble British academic and quiz show competitor human
George Q. Daley medical academic human
Georgina M. Mace British ecologist (1953–2020) human
Harvey J. Alter American medical researcher human
Henrietta H. Fore Executive Director of UNICEF, international development executive human
Geraldine A. Allen Canadian botanist (born 1950) human
Guido Imbens Dutch American econometrician human
George Davey Smith British epidemiologist human
Helge Thorsten Lumbsch German lichenologist (born 1964) human
David John Galloway New Zealand botanist and lichenologist (1942-2014) human
Christine Orengo Professor of Bioinformatics human
Grace Macurdy American classical philologist (1866-1946) human
Edward C. Holmes Professor of Biology and Medicine at the University of Sydney human
Derrick Rossi Canadian stem cell biologist human
George Smith Nobel prize winning US chemist human
Devi Sridhar global public health researcher human
Helen Petousis-Harris New Zealand vaccinologist human
David Eisenbud American mathematician human
Reinhard Genzel German astronomer human
Rudolf Jaenisch German geneticist human
Paul Lauterbur American chemist human
Paul Josef Crutzen Dutch climatologist human
Paul Erdős Hungarian mathematician (1913–1996) human
Nnamdi Azikiwe first president of Nigeria (1904-1996) human
Roger Penrose English mathematical physicist, recreational mathematician and philosopher human
Sandra Faber American astrophysicist human
Michael Roger Oldfield Thomas British mammalogist (1858–1929) human
Richard Bowdler Sharpe British ornithologist (1847-1909) human
Peter Piot Belgian microbiologist known for research into Ebola and AIDS human
Samuel Goudsmit Dutch physicist human
Richard Lewontin American evolutionary biologist and mathematician (1929–2021) human
Robin Dunbar British anthropologist and evolutionary psychologist human
Philippa Marrack United States-based English biologist and immunologist human
Rita R. Colwell American microbiologist human
Richard W. Wrangham British Primatologist human
Sarah Gilbert British vaccinologist human
Rochelle P. Walensky American medical scientist human
Neil Ferguson British epidemiologist human
Peter Daszak zoologist, disease ecologist human
Narendra Modi 14th Prime Minister of India human
Rosalind Franklin British chemist, biophysicist, and X-ray crystallographer human
Klaus von Klitzing German Physicist human
Jack Szostak American biologist human
Karl Barry Sharpless American chemist and Nobel Laureate (born 1941) human
Michel Mayor Swiss astrophysicist & Nobel laureate of Physics human
Mary Ainsworth American-Canadian psychologist & scholar human
John Horton Conway English mathematician (1937–2020) human
James Dwight Dana American mineralogist , scientist and zoologist (1813-1895) human
Martin Seligman American psychologist and writer human
Michael Ellis DeBakey American cardiac surgeon (1908-2008) human
Martin Rees British cosmologist and astrophysicist (born 1942) human
Kennewick Man Prehistoric Paleoamerican man found in Kennewick, Washington, US in 1996 human
Hominin fossil
James Edward Hansen American physicist human
Lonnie Thompson American paleoclimatologist human
John B. Goodenough Nobel laureate in Chemistry & American solid-state physicist and professor human
M. S. Swaminathan Indian agronomist human
John Clauser American physicist human
Huda Zoghbi Lebanese scientist human
Joan A. Steitz American biochemist human
James P. Allison American immunologist and professor human
Jerome Powell American banker human
Lisa Feldman Barrett Psychologist and cognitive neuroscientist human
Michael Levitt biophysicist and Professor of Structural biology human
Magnus Manske German biochemist and MediaWiki developer human
Maria Van Kerkhove American infectious disease epidemiologist (1977-) human
Lex Fridman research scientist at MIT, working on human-centered AI human
Jaap Dissel university teacher at Leiden University human
Michael J. Ryan Irish epidemiologist and trauma surgeon human
Katalin Karikó Hungarian biochemist human
Kizzmekia Corbett American immunologist (1986-) human
Moncef Slaoui Moroccan American doctor and researcher human
Mildred Dresselhaus American physicist (1930-2017) human
Linus Pauling American scientist human
Jennifer Doudna American biochemist human
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard German biologist (1995 Nobel Prize) human
Anton Zeilinger Austrian quantum physicist human
Brian Schmidt American-born Australian astrophysicist human
Aaron Swartz American computer programmer and internet-political activist (1986-2013) human
Abhijit Banerjee Indian American economist human
Alain Aspect French physicist human
Andrea M. Ghez American astronomer human
Alfred Sturtevant American biologist (1891–1970) human
Anthony Fauci American immunologist and head of the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases human
Ashoke Sen Indian physicist human
Christian Drosten German virologist and university teacher human
Cindy Kiro New Zealand Governor-General, former academic and social justice advocate human
Allison McGeer Canadian infectious disease specialist human
Abiy Ahmed Ali Prime Minister of Ethiopia since 2018 human
Chris Whitty British physician and epidemiologist human
Azra Ghani British epidemiologist and researcher human
Bruce Aylward Canadian physician, epidemiologist, Senior Advisor to the Director-General, WHO human
Ayesha Verrall New Zealand infectious diseases expert human
Carl Sagan American astrophysicist, cosmologist and author (1934–1996) human
Albert Einstein German-born theoretical physicist; developer of the theory of relativity (1879–1955) human
Ada Yonath Israeli chemist human
Carolyn Bertozzi American chemist (born 1966) human
Carol Greider American molecular biologist and Nobel laureate human
Akihito Emperor of Japan from 1989 to 2019 human
Geoffrey Hinton British-Canadian computer scientist and psychologist human
Frank Wilczek physicist human
Gerd Gigerenzer German psychologist human
Didier Queloz Swiss astronomer human
Edward Witten American theoretical physicist human
Herbert Boyer American researcher and businessman human
Esther Duflo French-American economist human
George M. Whitesides American chemist and professor of chemistry human
Endel Tulving Estonian psychologist and neuroscientist human
Eric Lander director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and Science Advisor to the President human
David Julius American physiologist and Nobel laureate 2021 human
Denis Mukwege Congolese gynecologist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate human
Elwood Zimmerman American entomologist (1912-2004) human
Gilbert Percy Whitley Australian ichthyologist and entomologist (1903-1975) human
Greg Winter British biochemist human
Frances Arnold Nobel prize winning US scientist and engineer human
Emmanuelle Charpentier French microbiologist and biochemist human
Donna Zuckerberg American classicist, editor-in-chief of Eidolon human
Deborah L. Birx American physician and diplomat human
Fernando Simón Spanish physician human
Donna Strickland Canadian physicist, 2018 Nobel laurate human
Drew Weissman American medical academic human
Elizabeth Blackburn Australian-born American biological researcher human
Hans Magnus Enzensberger German writer and editor (1929–2022) human

infectious disease[edit]

image Article description instance of
schistosomiasis human disease infectious disease
class of disease
Marburg virus disease Human disease infectious disease
class of disease
African trypanosomiasis parasitic disease infectious disease
class of disease
hepatitis E Human disease infectious disease
notifiable disease
class of disease

intentional human activity[edit]

image Article description instance of
witchcraft practice of magical skills and abilities intentional human activity
data sharing practice of making data available to others intentional human activity


image Article description instance of
Somali Afroasiatic language belonging to the Cushitic branch language
modern language
Wolof language of Senegal, the Gambia, and Mauritania language
modern language
Igbo Niger–Congo language of the Igbo people, mainly spoken in Nigeria language
modern language
Hausa Chadic language spoken by the Hausa people language
modern language


image Article description instance of
AIDS Research Alliance organization organization
Bloodworks Northwest organization organization
research institute
blood bank
American College of Radiology organization organization
medical association
Initiative for Open Citations collaboration between scholarly publishers, researchers, and other interested parties to promote the unrestricted availability of scholarly citation data organization


image Article description instance of
slighting a type of destruction phenomenon
trophic cascade phenomenon
phenotypic plasticity the ability of an organism to change its phenotype in response to the environment phenomenon
color in nature

private university[edit]

image Article description instance of
Koç University Turkish private university located in İstanbul private university
research university
Columbia University private university in New York City private university
research university
Colonial Colleges
private not-for-profit educational institution
geographic location
Harvard University private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts private university
research university
Colonial Colleges
private not-for-profit educational institution

public research university[edit]

image Article description instance of
University of Warwick university in Coventry, United Kingdom public research university
higher education institution
open-access publisher
educational organization
McGill University English-language public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada public research university
open-access publisher
university in Quebec
Hong Kong Polytechnic University public university in Hong Kong public research university

public university[edit]

image Article description instance of
University of Bradford University in Bradford, United Kingdom public university
educational institution
educational organization
Middle East Technical University Turkish public university located in Ankara public university
institute of technology
research university
Autonomous University of Barcelona public university in Catalonia, Spain public university
open-access publisher

rare disease[edit]

image Article description instance of
atransferrinemia Human disease rare disease
class of disease
bare lymphocyte syndrome 2 human disease rare disease
class of disease
oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is an adult-onset progressive myopathy characterized by progressive eyelid ptosis, dysphagia, dysarthria and proximal limb weakness rare disease
class of disease
pyruvate kinase deficiency congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia that has material basis in homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation in the PKLR gene on chromosome 1q22 rare disease
class of disease
alpha thalassemia Alpha thalassemia is a thalassemia involving the genes HBA1and HBA2 hemoglobin genes rare disease
class of disease
argininemia urea cycle disorder that involves arginase deficiency resulting in elevated levels of plasma arginine rare disease
class of disease
Becker muscular dystrophy X-linked recessive inherited disorder characterized by slowly progressive muscle weakness of the legs and pelvis rare disease
muscular dystrophy
class of disease
autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome that is inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion, which is characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes auto-reactivity against endocrine organs rare disease
class of disease
adenylosuccinase lyase deficiency a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder rare disease
class of disease
Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy osteochondrodysplasia that has material basis in lack of responsiveness to parathyroid hormone which results in shortening and widening of long bones of the located in hand or located in foot along with short stature, obesity, and rounded face rare disease
class of disease
thrombocytopenia blood platelet disease characterized by a low platelet count rare disease
class of disease
symptom or sign
hypochondroplasia osteochondrodysplasia that has material basis in mutation in the FGFR3 gene which affects ossification of cartilage and results in short limb dwarfism rare disease
class of disease
glycogen storage disease III human disease rare disease
class of disease
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy muscular dystrophy that chiefly affects muscles used for movement (skeletal) and heart (cardiac) muscle rare disease
class of disease
empty sella syndrome endocrine disease rare disease
class of disease
hemophilia C human disease rare disease
class of disease
symptom or sign
Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy Human disease rare disease
class of disease
chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis human disease rare disease
class of disease
mitral valve prolapse mitral valve disease where one or both of the cusps of the mitral valve bulge or collapse backward in the left atrium during systole rare disease
class of disease
dysautonomia any disease or malfunction of the autonomic nervous system rare disease
neurological disorder


image Article description instance of
Sudan country in Northeast Africa republic
sovereign state
rump state
Eritrea country in the Horn of Africa republic
sovereign state

research center[edit]

image Article description instance of
Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research FDA research center research center
United States federal agency
Biohub medical science research project research center

research institute[edit]

image Article description instance of
National Institute for Materials Science research institute in Japan research institute
open-access publisher
National Research and Development Agency
African Studies Centre Leiden institute for social-science research on Sub-Saharan Africa research institute
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center cancer research institute in Seattle, Washington, United States research institute
nonprofit organization
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development human development research institute of the U.S. National Institutes of Health research institute
United States federal agency

science award[edit]

image Article description instance of
Linnean Medal award made annually to alternately a botanist or a zoologist science award
L'Oréal-UNESCO Award For Women in Science scientific award science award
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine one of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel science award

scientific journal[edit]

image Article description instance of
BMC Health Services Research journal scientific journal
open-access journal
academic journal
Cerebral Cortex scientific journal scientific journal
PLOS Genetics scientific journal scientific journal
academic journal
open-access journal
NeuroImage academic journal scientific journal
open-access journal
Phytotaxa scientific journal scientific journal
hybrid open access journal
Cahiers d'études africaines journal scientific journal
open-access journal
Africa African studies academic journal scientific journal
African Affairs academic journal scientific journal
Journal of Chemical Education peer-reviewed scientific journal scientific journal
Journal of Virology journal scientific journal
delayed open access journal
academic journal
Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling peer-reviewed scientific journal scientific journal
eLife journal scientific journal
academic journal
open-access journal
medical journal

social networking service[edit]

image Article description instance of
Twitter American social networking site social networking service
mobile app
Facebook American online social media and social networking service social networking service
mobile app
social media

sovereign state[edit]

image Article description instance of
South Africa country in Southern Africa sovereign state
Burundi sovereign state in Africa sovereign state
landlocked country
Cape Verde sovereign state comprising ten islands off the Western coast of Africa sovereign state
island country
archipelagic state
Democratic Republic of the Congo country in Central Africa sovereign state
Ethiopia country in the Horn of Africa sovereign state
landlocked country

structural class of chemical compounds[edit]

image Article description instance of
hydrofluorocarbon halocarbon compounds in which fluorine replaces some hydrogen structural class of chemical compounds
ceramide compound from a family of lipid compounds structural class of chemical compounds
chlorofluorocarbon hydrocarbon derivative that contains only carbon, chlorine and fluorine structural class of chemical compounds
fatty acid carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, either saturated or unsaturated structural class of chemical compounds

symptom or sign[edit]

image Article description instance of
polyuria excessive or abnormally large production or passage of urine symptom or sign
abnormally high value
sputum mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways symptom or sign
coma state of unconsciousness symptom or sign
anosmia the inability to smell symptom or sign
hepatomegaly symptom symptom or sign


image Article description instance of
Plasmodium malariae parasitic protozoon that causes malaria in humans taxon
Plasmodium ovale species of parasitic protozoan taxon
Physarum polycephalum species of slime mold, model organism taxon
model organism
Opisthorchis viverrini species of trematode taxon
Plasmodium knowlesi species of parasitic protist that can cause malaria taxon
Plasmodium vivax species of malaria parasite taxon
Northern birch mouse species of mammal taxon
monkeypox virus species of the genus Orthopoxvirus taxon
Asian tiger mosquito species of insect taxon
Borrelia burgdorferi species of bacteria taxon
Toxoplasma gondii obligate intracellular parasitic protozoan that causes toxoplasmosis taxon
West Nile virus species of virus taxon
Zika virus species of virus taxon
Bungarus multicinctus species of reptile taxon
Ixodes scapularis parasit ixodes scapularis taxon
Ixodes holocyclus species of arachnid taxon
Common Coquí species of amphibian taxon
Chinese cobra species of reptile taxon
Neisseria gonorrhoeae species of bacterium taxon
Plasmodium falciparum species of malaria parasite taxon
Phragmites australis species of plant (Phragmites) taxon
herbaceous plant
Mycobacterium tuberculosis species of bacterium taxon
Klebsiella pneumoniae species of bacterium taxon
Mitragyna speciosa species of plants taxon
Mycobacterium leprae species of bacterium; form of Leprosy taxon
Catha edulis species of plant, commonly used by humans for its psychoactive effects taxon
Caenorhabditis elegans free-living species of nematode taxon
model organism
Chlamydia trachomatis species of bacterium taxon
Aedes aegypti mosquito species, a vector for diseases including yellow fever and Zika fever taxon
Bison bonasus species of mammal taxon
Drosophila melanogaster species of fly taxon
model organism
Entamoeba histolytica anaerobic parasitic protozoan taxon
Dengue virus cause of dengue fever taxon
Ginkgo biloba species of plant, ginkgo taxon


image Article description instance of
moral foundations theory social psychological theory intended to explain the origins of and variation in human moral reasoning on the basis of innate, modular foundations theory
diffusion of innovations theory theory


image Article description instance of
Chang Gung University A private university in Taoyuan City university
private university
Tohoku University Higher education institution in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan university
national university
National University of La Plata public university in Argentina university
open-access publisher
Maastricht University public university in Maastricht university
public university
research university

vaccine type[edit]

image Article description instance of
ZyCoV-D DNA vaccine against COVID-19 vaccine type
VSV-EBOV experimental vaccine against Ebola virus disease vaccine type
RNA vaccine vaccine that transfects synthetic RNA to reprogram cells to make foreign protein that stimulates an adaptive immune response vaccine type
attenuated vaccine vaccine that uses a weakened (or attenuated) form of the germ that causes a disease vaccine type
Medicago Inc. COVID-19 vaccine candidate candidate vaccine against COVID-19 vaccine type
Lunar-COV19 experimental COVID-19 vaccine vaccine type
DNA vaccine novel type of vaccine vaccine type
Ebola vaccine vaccine to prevent Ebola vaccine type
GRAd-COV2 experimental COVID-19 vaccine vaccine type
CoviVac vaccine rusa vaccine type
FAKHRAVAC vaccine candidate against COVID-19 vaccine type


image Article description instance of
actinorhizal plant plants hosting N-fixing Frankia symbioants in nodules paraphyletic group
Barnstaple Castle castle in Devon, England motte-and-bailey castle
archaeological site
Bradford's law pattern that estimates the exponentially diminishing returns of extending a search for references in science journals scientific law
Acta Physica Sinica journal academic journal
scientific journal
American Roentgen Ray Society U.S. radiology society medical association
academic publisher
Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative multisite study research project
Burroughs Wellcome Fund American non-profit medical research organization foundation
Boonshoft School of Medicine medical research institute in the United States medical school
PEGylation chemical reaction chemical reaction
pharmaceutical process
open knowledge set of principles and methodologies related to the production and distribution of knowledge works in an open manner scientific principle
National Scientific and Technical Research Council Argentine research council research council
open-access publisher
non-negative matrix factorization algorithms for matrix decomposition technique
Plan S a plan for the future of open access in scholarly publishing document
open access policy
New and Emerging Respiratory Virus Threats Advisory Group UK government advisory group of the Department of Health and Social Care advisory board
Anopheles gambiae species of insect cryptic species complex
model organism
beta barrel protein domain protein tertiary structure
Antarctic ice sheet polar ice cap polar ice cap
ice sheet
Castrum Anderitum 3rd century Roman fort in the province of Britannia castrum
archaeological site
ancient Roman structure
Bioclipse chem- and bioinformatics software free software
Chemistry Development Kit Java library for chem- and bioinformatics free and open-source software
Bibliography of the Republican Party bibliography
Brain & Behavior Research Foundation non-profit organization in the USA charitable organization
nonprofit organization
Chelyabinsk meteorite fragments of the asteroid that exploded over Siberia on February 15, 2013 ordinary chondrite
Anna's Archive search engine of shadow libraries website
shadow library
Web 2.0 World Wide Web sites that use technology beyond the static pages of earlier Web sites trend
stereotype over-generalized belief about a particular category of people type of bias
vitamin D group of molecules used as vitamin group of chemical compounds
1918-1920 flu pandemic influenza pandemic influenza pandemic
infectious disease
disease outbreak
zeolite tectosilicate mineral mineral subclass
suffrage right to vote civil and political rights
transverse myelitis an inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the spinal cord, either idiopathic or secondary to a known cause physiological condition
class of disease
social media virtual online communities economic activity
tax haven country or place with low taxes for foreign investors tax avoidance
physical location
United States Department of Agriculture department of United States government agriculture ministry
United States federal executive department
United States federal agency
United States Department of Health and Human Services department of the US federal government ministry of health
United States federal executive department
suicidal ideation Thoughts, ideas, or ruminations about the possibility of ending one's life symptom
WhatsApp Meta Platforms-owned mobile instant messenger and social media service online service
instant messaging client
mobile app
Somali literature literary works in the Somali language sub-set of literature
V451 experimental vaccine targeting SARS-CoV-2 experimental drug
clinical trial
vaccine type
YouTube video-sharing platform owned by Google video streaming service
online video platform
Wikidata free knowledge graph hosted by Wikimedia and edited by volunteers Wikimedia content project
semantic wiki
wiki with script conversion
MediaWiki website
knowledge base
online database
knowledge graph
crowdsourced project
self-depicting entity
United States presidential election type of election in the United States recurring event
class of election
Semantic Web extension of the Web to facilitate data exchange information system
hepatectomy surgical excision of all or part of the liver surgical operation
Hindawi Publishing Corporation Egyptian scientific publisher publisher
open-access publisher
academic publisher
ImageJ image processing software Java software library
free software
image processing software
Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid article published 1953 describing the structure of DNA scholarly article
History Workshop Journal journal (1995-2011) periodical
history journal
Huntsman Cancer Institute cancer research facility and hospital located on the campus of the University of Utah university hospital
medical organization
licence to crenellate formal permission to build a fortification license
ISCB Fellow Fellow of the International Society of Computational Biology (ISCB) fellowship
McGill School of Architecture architectural school in Montreal, Canada architecture school
academic department
Disko Bay bay bay
Coxsackievirus virus that causes digestive upset and sometimes heart damage organisms known by a particular common name
Emory National Primate Research Center primate research branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Primate Research Centers
research institute
Epidemic Intelligence Service organization educational institution
Extinction symbol symbol representing threat of mass extinction symbol
creative work
everything bubble 2020–2021 correlated bubble in asset prices economic bubble
quarantine epidemiological intervention of restriction on the movement of people and goods, which is intended to prevent the spread of infectious disease or pests public health intervention
San Andreas Fault geological fault fault
reliability of Wikipedia overview about the reliability of Wikipedia reliability
offshore financial centre Corporate and traditional tax havens geographic location
positron emission tomography medicine imaging technique medical test
Nineteen Eighty-Four dystopian novel written by George Orwell literary work
open access free distribution of knowledge group action
social movement
access restriction
random forest statistical algorithm that is used to cluster points of data in functional groups algorithm
PubChem chemical information database chemical database
biological database
data library
open science science that uses open practices social movement
open data data that is openly accessible and usable to others notion
field of work
occupational burnout type of work-related stress, with symptoms characterized by feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one's job; and reduced professional efficacy syndrome
People's Action Party political party in Singapore political party
popular music music genres distributed to large audiences and considered to have wide appeal music genre
O Globo Brazilian daily newspaper newspaper
daily newspaper
Newspaper of record
open source code copyright licensing status defined by the Open Source Initiative copyright status
nasal polyps polypoidal masses head and neck disease
Nollywood sobriquet of Nigerian cinema byname
film industry
presidency of Donald Trump United States presidential administration of Donald Trump (2017–2021) presidential term
Operation Warp Speed US government public–private partnership to facilitate development, manufacturing, and distribution of COVID-19 vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics task force
public–private partnership
newspaper scheduled publication containing news of events, articles, features, editorials, and advertising product category
political science scientific study of politics academic major
academic discipline
pH measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution acidity function
measurement scale
Sator Square word square containing a five-word Latin palindrome palindrome
word square
The MIT Press American university press university press
book publisher
open-access publisher
academic publisher
intellectual property ownership of ideas and processes asset type
academic discipline
Library of Congress (de facto) national library of the United States of America national library
United Nations Depository Library
parliamentary archive
legislative branch agency
microfluidics interdisciplinary science interdisciplinary science
NF-κB nuclear transcriptional activator that binds to enhancer elements in many different cell types family of protein complexes
Kibera Largest neighborhood in Nairobi suburb
shanty town
Jezero crater on Mars impact crater
Mars crater
housing construction and assignment of houses or buildings for sheltering people social issue
economic concept
lithium-ion battery rechargeable battery type battery chemistry type
Megxit 2020 relinquishment of "senior" royal status by the Duke and Duchess of Sussex occurrence
Mauritania sovereign state in West Africa and North Africa Islamic Republic
sovereign state
human rights inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled convention
social movement
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Megathrust underwater earthquake and subsequent tsunami in the Indian Ocean megathrust earthquake
breastfeeding feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast nutrition
academic discipline
3D printing layer-by-layer additive process used to make a three-dimensional object production process
manufacturing process
cinema of Africa history and present of cinema in Africa cinema by country or region
amlodipine pair of enantiomers pair of enantiomers
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention United States government public health agency United States federal agency
open-access publisher
cardiomyopathy heart disease and a myopathy that is characterised by deterioration of the function of the heart muscle clinical sign
class of disease
brain–computer interface connection between brain and computer peripheral
biochar lightweight black residue, made of carbon and ashes, after pyrolysis of biomass soil conditioner
carbon nanotube allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure allotrope of carbon
Chair of the Federal Reserve American government office position
public office
Ayushman Bharat Yojana health programme in India publicly funded health care
Union Government scheme
universal health care
COVID-19 pandemic ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic
public health emergency of international concern
disease outbreak
complex emergency
COVID-19 respiratory syndrome and infectious disease in humans, caused by SARS coronavirus 2 emerging communicable disease
atypical pneumonia
class of disease
abortion intentional ending of a pregnancy medical procedure type
2008 Summer Olympics Games of the XXIX Olympiad, in Beijing, China Summer Olympic Games
antibiotic drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections class of chemical compounds with similar applications or functions
CNN American news channel United States cable news
specialty channel
news website
Herero people ethnic group Hirtenvolk
Fulbe people ethnic group in the Sahel from Senegal, east to Cameroon people
ethnic group
digital library online database of digital objects stored in electronic media formats and accessible via computers type of library
Dunning–Kruger effect cognitive bias in which incompetent people tend to assess themselves as skilled cognitive bias
herd immunity protection from infectious disease that occurs when a sufficient fraction of a population has become immune (through vaccination or previous infections) threshold effect
deep sea deepest layer of the oceans part
educational software software used in education software category
emergency management discipline of dealing with and avoiding both natural and man-made disasters, with the goal of reducing the harmful effects specialty
academic discipline
type of management
Federal Register official journal of the U.S. Federal Government gazette
scientific journal
HIV/AIDS in India disease by country disease by country or region
history of the United States Democratic Party aspect of U.S. political history aspect of history
gender bias on Wikipedia Gender gap problem in Wikipedia and Wikimedia projects systemic bias
gender bias
gender gap
feces solid or semisolid remains of the food that passes through the bowel, from any animal biogenic substance type
class of anatomical entity
globalisation process of international integration arising from world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture social theory
Denmark country in Northern Europe state
colonial power
autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark
country bordering the Baltic Sea

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