Wikidata:WikiProject Performing arts/Typology

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Genres of the Performing Arts[edit]

The overview table of the genres of the performing arts was originally generated based on an analysis of the categories used by the Swiss Theatre Collection and the categories that were already present on Wikidata. In the process, two classes (categories) were newly created. Further categories may be added if deemed necessary in the context of other data ingests.

Categories used by the Swiss Theatre Collection[edit]

The Swiss Theatre Collection distinguishes different genres of the performing arts; a list is provided below. In the case of the "Repertoire des Schauspielhauses", all productions belong to the genres "Sprechtheater" ("spoken theatre") or "Schauspiel mit Musik" ("drama with music").

Wikidata SPARQL queries – subclasses of dance, theatre, and musical performance[edit]

  • Sub-classes of "dance": tinyurl.com/y9ock5yo
  • Sub-classes of "concert dance": http://tinyurl.com/yabweh65
  • Sub-classes of "theatre": http://tinyurl.com/y9wwjtqc
  • Sub-classes of "musical performance": http://tinyurl.com/ya7ptoq6
  • Sub-classes of "theatrical genre": http://tinyurl.com/y8wnkqnr

Overview table – Genres of the Performing Arts (Theatre and Concert Dance)[edit]

WDitem genre1 genre2 genre3 genre4 classification_type Remarks
dance (Q11639)  View with Reasonator View with SQID dance n/a Indicated here in order to provide some context to concert dance.
concert dance (Q1020618)  View with Reasonator View with SQID dance concert dance performing arts genre Synonyms: performance dance, theatrical dance

Antonym: Participation dance (Q7140430)  View with Reasonator View with SQID

ballet (Q41425)  View with Reasonator View with SQID dance, theatre, music concert dance ballet performing arts genre (work / performance)
acro dance (Q2603192)  View with Reasonator View with SQID dance, theatre concert dance acrobatic dance performing arts genre
theater (Q11635)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre performing arts genre (work / performance)
drama (Q39892385)<newly created> theatre drama performing arts genre (work / performance) de:Schauspiel, Sprechtheater; acting (Q222749)  View with Reasonator View with SQIDis not a good match in English, in other languages it would be; definitions should be reviewed.

drama (Q21010853) would be a good match in French, but not in English and German. This may require disambiguation.

drama with music (Q39894018)<newly created> theatre, music drama drama with music performing arts genre (work / performance)
musical theater (Q1370345)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music theatre performing arts genre (work / performance)
opera (Q1344)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music

theatre

opera performing arts genre (work / performance)
Singspiel (Q377258)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music

theatre

opera singspiel performing arts genre (work) Should only be used in combination with works (and not in combination with performances or productions)
opéra comique (Q785479)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music theatre opera opéra comique performing arts genre (work) Should only be used in combination with works (and not in combination with performances or productions)
operetta (Q170384)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music

theatre

opera operetta performing arts genre

(work / performance)

semi-opera (Q2140240)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music theatre opera semi-opera performing arts genre

(work)

Should only be used in combination with works (and not in combination with performances or productions)
musical (Q2743)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre, music music

theatre

musical performing arts genre

(work / performance)

Is there a hard definition to distinguish between "opera" and "musical"? – In the Broadway database, "opera" seems at times to be considered a subclass of "musical".
puppetry (Q588750)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre puppetry performing arts genre

(work / performance)

kleinkunst (Q1746926)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre kleinkunst performing arts genre What relationship with estrada?
cabaret (Q27976507) theatre kleinkunst cabaret performing arts genre Note that cabaret (Q131183)  View with Reasonator View with SQID is defined in Wikidata as "event venue", which constitutes a mismatch with regard to the main topic of the related English Wikipedia article.
Kabarett (Q16154635) theatre kleinkunst cabaret satirical revue performing arts genre
estrada (Q2472420) theatre estrada performing arts genre The Russian definition of "estrada" is very similar to the German definition of "Kleinkunst". – Should the two be merged?
clownery (Q4224122) theatre estrada clownery performing arts genre
vaudeville (Q186286)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre performing arts genre
mime (Q39818)  View with Reasonator View with SQID theatre performing arts genre
recitation (Q1680700)  View with Reasonator View with SQID recitation performing arts genre

(performance)

musical performance (Q6942562)  View with Reasonator View with SQID music n/a Musical performance and concert are just indicated here to provide some context with regard to the oratorio, which is a borderline case, as it is a concert with vocalists singing different character roles.
concert (Q182832)  View with Reasonator View with SQID music concert n/a
oratorio (Q85477) music concert oratorio performing arts genre

(work / performance)

Note that the genre "oratorio" is by default a concert performance (see below).

Types of Music Theater Performances[edit]

Music theater performances, such as musical or opera performances may be produced as fully staged, scenic performances (with acting, costumes, props and a set design), as semi-staged performances (with acting, but typically without set design and only with a limited number of props and costumes), or as concert performances (without acting and without costumes or set design – the vocalists are just singing their parts). Note that the oratorio (Q85477) as a genre is roughly equivalent to a concert performance of an opera – the main difference being that an opera as a work has originally been intended for fully staged, scenic performances, while an oratorio has not.

Type of Music Theater Performance Definition Domain Property Primary Type
default (in case of a performance (Q35140) of the genre opera (Q1344) or musical (Q2743)) Fully staged, scenic performance (with acting, costumes, props and a set design) Performance instance of (P31) performance (Q35140)
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances n/a n/a
semi-staged performance (Q52239285) semi-staged performance (with acting, but typically without set design and only with a limited number of props and costumes) Performance instance of (P31) semi-staged performance (Q52239285)
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances has parts of the class (P2670) semi-staged performance (Q52239285)
concert performance (Q1486440) concert performance (without acting and without costumes or set design – the vocalists are dressed up like in a concert and are singing their parts) Performance instance of (P31) concert performance (Q1486440)
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances has parts of the class (P2670) concert performance (Q1486440)

Target Audience[edit]

There are some Wikipedia items referring to types of theatre defined by their target audience, such as youth theatre (Q2416110) or Theatre for Early Years (Q18394038)  View with Reasonator View with SQID. The use of these types to characterize theatre productions or performances is discouraged. The property intended public (P2360) should be used instead.

Performance Types[edit]

The performance types below were originally derived from the dataset "Repertoire des Schauspielhauses Zürich" and were double checked with the performance types employed in the database of the Swiss Theatre Collection. Further types may be added if deemed necessary for other data ingests.

Designation (de) Designation (en) Definition Domain Property Primary Type Qualifier (Scope)
Uraufführung world premiere the very first performance of a dramatic, musical or choreographic work in its original expression Performance instance of (P31) world premiere (Q2500107) (world premiere) (none)
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Erstaufführung (with reference to a language) premiere (with reference to a language) the first performance of a dramatic work in a given language Performance instance of (P31) language premiere (Q40248002)(language premiere) language
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Erstaufführung (with reference to a country) premiere (with reference to an administrative territorial entity) the first performance of a dramatic work in a given country Performance instance of (P31) country premiere (Q40248880)(country premiere) country
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Erstaufführung (with reference to an administrative territorial entity smaller than a country) premiere (with reference to an administrative territorial entity) the first performance of a dramatic work in a given region, town, etc. Performance instance of (P31) local premiere (Q40249084)(local premiere) administrative territorial entity
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Erstaufführung (without reference or with reference to a particular Expression); Uraufführung (with reference to a particular Expression) world premiere (without reference or with reference to a particular Expression) the very first performance of a particular adaptation or translation of a dramatic work Performance instance of (P31) world premiere (of an adaption or translation of a work) (Q40249348)(world premiere) (none)
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Neuinszenierung new staging, new production new staging of a stage production that has already been performed before in the same place (based on a different performance plan) Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type) new staging (Q40249579)(new staging) n/a
Wiederaufnahme revival, revival production restaging of a stage production after its original run has closed Performance instance of (P31) revival (Q2568341) (revival) n/a
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances (has premiere type)
Gastspiel guest performance representation(s) of a stage production by an artist or an artists' collective that is not attached to the given venue Performance instance of (P31) guest performance (Q40249767) (guest performance) n/a
Series of Performances has parts of the class (P2670)
Freilichtaufführung outdoor performance outdoor (stage) performance Performance instance of (P31) outdoor performance (Q40249907)(outdoor performance) n/a
Performing Arts Production; Series of Performances has parts of the class (P2670)
Schülervorstellung stage performance especially targeted at schools, with a special introduction, special explanations, or other forms of mediation in order to facilitate the understanding of the performance by the pupils / students Performance;

Series of Performances

instance of (P31) special performance for pupils or students (Q40250279)(special performance for pupils or students) n/a
Performing arts Production; Series of Performances has parts of the class (P2670)
Matinee, Nachmittagsvorstellung matinee; morning performance, afternoon performance stage performance taking place in the morning or in the afternoon (as opposed to soiree, which takes place in the evening) Performance instance of (P31) matinée (Q10772859) (matinee) n/a

Voice Types and Fach[edit]

There are two WD properties to indicate the voice type of opera singers and operatic roles: voice type (P412) and its sub-property Fach (P1731). While the seven basic voice types (soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass) mainly refer to the vocal range and the gender, the German Fach system is a method for classifying opera singers (and operatic roles) according to the range, weight, and color of the (required) voice. While the Fach system is largely aligned with the seven basic voice types, it comprises more specific types which sometimes make reference to the type of role corresponding to the type (e.g. buffo, character role, etc.).

In order to maximize consistency and to avoid keeping a lot of redundant information, the basic voice types are indicated using the voice type (P412) property. Where more specific information is available (Fach or similar), it is indicated by means of the Fach (P1731) property. Furthermore, the ontology is designed in a way to ensure that each instance of Fach (Q1748957) is defined as a sub-class of one of the basic voice types. Thereby, it is possible that the basic voice types typically associated with female voices may have sub-classes associated with male voices (e.g. the Fächer "sopranist", "boy soprano", and "soprano castrato" are all sub-classes of the female voice type "soprano"). Note that voice type indications such as "boy soprano" or "soprano castrato" are also treated as "Fächer", even though they are not necessarily part of modern "Fach" systems. Up until the 19th century, many opera parts were originally written for castrato voices, but are today either transposed or performed by female singers. In these cases, the original Fach indication mainly serves a historical purpose.

Note that in some languages (e.g. in English) a slightly different, but overlapping terminology is used for choral voices, while in other languages (e.g. in German), the same terminology is used. This poses a problem when it comes to mapping the different terms across languages as the erroneous mappings of contralto (Q37137) illustrate (e.g. en:contralto = de:Kontra-Alt, which is wrong).

The table below gives an overview of voice types and Fächer as well as their designations in various languages.

WD item Voice type Fach gender de en es fr it ru Comments
soprano (Q30903) soprano - female Sopran soprano soprano soprano soprano сопрано
coloratura soprano (Q58192) soprano coloratura soprano female Koloratursopran coloratura soprano, coloratura-soprano soprano de coloratura soprano colorature soprano di coloratura, soprano d'agilità колоратурное сопрано
light coloratura soprano (Q53828775) soprano -- light coloratura soprano female leichter Koloratursopran light coloratura soprano soprano de coloratura ligera soprano léger colorature soprano leggero di coloratura, soprano leggero d'agilità лёгкое колоратурное сопрано
light soprano (Q3822738) soprano light soprano female leichter Sopran light soprano soprano ligera soprano léger soprano leggero лёгкое сопрано
Soubrette (Q836983) soprano soubrette female Soubrette, Spielsopran soubrette, acting soprano soprano soubrette soubrette soprano soubrette cубре́тка
coloratura soubrette (Q53828788) soprano -- coloratura soubrette female Koloratursoubrette coloratura soubrette soubrette colorature
soprano -- German soubrette female deutsche Soubrette German soubrette soubrette allemande
soprano -- female romanisch-französische Soubrette
character soprano (Q53828789) soprano character soprano female Charaktersopran character soprano soprano de caractère
lyric soprano (Q1401208) soprano lyric soprano female lyrischer Sopran lyric soprano, soprano lirico, high lyric soprano, high soprano soprano lyrique soprano lirico лирическое сопрано
lyric coloratura soprano (Q37952097) soprano -- lyric coloratura soprano female lyrischer Koloratursopran lyric coloratura soprano, high coloratura soprano soprano lyrique colorature soprano lirico di coloratura лирико-колоратурное сопрано
lyric-light soprano (Q3964990) soprano -- light lyric soprano female leichter lyrischer Sopran light lyric soprano, light high soprano soprano lírica legera soprano lyrique léger soprano lirico-leggero лёгкое лирическое сопрано
spinto soprano (Q2327598) soprano -- lirico-spinto soprano female jugendlich dramatischer Sopran, lyrisch-dramatischer Sopran, Spintosopran lirico-spinto soprano, lyric dramatic soprano, spinto soprano,

spinto lyric soprano

soprano lirico spinto soprano lirico-spinto лирико-драматическое сопрано
dramatic soprano (Q2164335) soprano dramatic soprano female dramatischer Sopran dramatic soprano, full dramatic soprano, spinto soprano soprano dramática soprano dramatique soprano drammatico драматическое сопрано
dramatic coloratura soprano (Q53828951) soprano -- dramatic coloratura soprano female dramatischer Koloratursopran dramatic coloratura soprano soprano de coloratura dramática soprano colorature dramatique soprano di coloratura drammatico драматическое колоратурное сопрано
Wagnerian soprano (Q3964989) soprano Wagnerian soprano female hochdramatischer Sopran heroic soprano, Wagnerian soprano, high dramatic soprano soprano wagnérien soprano wagneriano, soprano drammatico tedesco, soprano di Wagner
soprano Falcon (Q3964985) soprano Falcon soprano female Falcon-Sopran Falcon soprano, falcon soprano, falcon soprano Falcon
sopranist (Q1999862) soprano sopranist male Männersopran sopranist,

sopranista, male soprano

sopranista sopraniste sopranista definitions need cleaning up
soprano falsettist (Q53829462) soprano soprano falsettist male Sopran-Falsettist soprano falsettist falsettista sopranista falsettiste sopraniste falsettisto sopranista
child soprano (Q53829839) soprano child soprano - Kindersopran treble soprano d'enfant детское сопрано
boy soprano (Q1376492) soprano -- boy soprano (male) Knabensopran, Jungensopran boy soprano, boy treble, treble soprano de garçon мальчиковое сопрано
girl soprano (Q53830131) soprano -- girl soprano (female) Mädchensopran girl soprano
soprano castrato (Q53830255) soprano soprano castrato (male) Kastratensopran, Kastraten-Sopran, Soprankastrat, Sopran-Kastrat soprano castrato castrat soprano castrato sopranista кастрат-сопрано, кастрат сопрано
mezzo-soprano (Q186506) mezzo-soprano - female Mezzosopran mezzo-soprano, mezzo mezzosoprano, mesosoprano mezzo-soprano mezzosoprano меццо-сопрано
coloratura mezzo-soprano (Q54634572) mezzo-soprano coloratura mezzo-soprano female Koloratur-Mezzosopran coloratura mezzo-soprano mezzo-soprano colorature колоратурное меццо-сопрано
light mezzo-soprano (Q54634726) mezzo-soprano light mezzo-soprano female leichter Mezzosopran light mezzo-soprano mezzosoprano ligera mezzo-soprano léger, mezzo-soprano dugazon mezzoroprano leggero,

mezzosoprano acuto

lyric mezzo-soprano (Q1878954) mezzo-soprano lyric mezzo-soprano female lyrischer Mezzosopran lyric mezzo-soprano mezzosoprano lírica mezzo-soprano lyrique mezzosoprano lirico, mezzosoprano centrale лирическое меццо-сопрано
character mezzo-soprano (Q54634862) mezzo-soprano character mezzo-soprano female Charakter-Mezzosopran character mezzo-soprano mezzo-soprano de caractère
dramatic mezzo-soprano (Q6012297) mezzo-soprano dramatic mezzo-soprano female dramatischer Mezzosopran dramatic mezzo soprano mezzosoprano dramática mezzo-soprano dramatique mezzosoprano drammatico, mezzosoprano grave драматическое меццо-сопрано
mezzo-soprano castrato (Q54634945) mezzo-soprano mezzo-soprano castrato (male) Kastraten-Mezzosopran mezzo-soprano castrato castrat mezzo-soprano кастрат меццо-сопрано
alto (Q54634991) alto - - Alt, Altus alto alto alto alto альт 1. voice with a vocal range corresponding to contralto and countertenor
alto (Q6983813) alto - female Alt alto alto 2. female choral voice
boy alto (Q53395277) alto boy alto (male) Knabenalt boy alto, boy contralto
alto castrato (Q53395016)) alto alto castrato (male) Kastraten-Alt, Alt-Kastrat alto castrato, contralto castrato castrat contraltiste кастрат-альт
contralto (Q37137)) contralto - female Alt contralto contralto contralto contralto контральто
coloratura contralto (Q54635184) contralto coloratura contralto female Koloraturalt coloratura contralto contralto de coloratura contralto colorature колоратурный альт
lyric contralto (Q54635214) contralto lyric contralto female lyrischer Alt lyric contralto, lyric alto contralto lyrique
acting alto (Q5785182) contralto acting alto female Spielalt, komischer Alt acting alto, comic contralto, light contralto contralto cómica, contralto buffa alto bouffe
dramatic contralto (Q54635298) contralto dramatic contralto female dramatischer Alt dramatic contralto, dramatic alto contralto dramática contralto dramatique
deep contralto (Q54635335) contralto deep contralto female Kontra-Alt, Kontraalt, tiefer Alt deep contralto, low contralto, low alto
contratenor (Q223166)) countertenor - male Kontratenor,

Kontertenor,

Countertenor,

Altus,

Männeralt

countertenor,

counter-tenor,

contratenor,

contratenor contreténor controtenore контратенор
tenor (Q27914)) tenor - male Tenor tenor tenor ténor tenore тенор
Tenore contraltino (Q3983766) tenor tenor contraltino male Haute-Contre, Altino tenore contraltino, tenor contraltino, tenor altino, haute-contre, very high tenor haute-contre tenore contraltino тенор-альтино
coloratura tenor (Q54635368) tenor coloratura tenor male Koloraturtenor coloratura tenor ténor colorature
light tenor (Q54635391) tenor light tenor male leichter Tenor light tenor, high tenor, high light tenor ténor léger tenore leggiero легкий тенор
tenore di grazia (Q1471878) tenor tenore di grazia male Tenore di grazia, leichter Tenor mit Koloratur tenore di grazia tenore di grazia тенор «ди-грация»
lyric tenor (Q359282)) tenor lyric tenor male lyrischer Tenor lyric tenor tenor lírico tenore lirico лирический тенор
buffo tenor (Q359278) tenor buffo tenor male Spieltenor, Tenorbuffo acting tenor, comic tenor, tenore buffo,

high buffo tenor

tenore buffo
spinto tenor (Q54635582) tenor spinto tenor male jugendlich-dramatischer Tenor, jugendlicher Heldentenor young dramatic tenor, spinto tenor, lirico-spinto tenor лирико-драматический тенор
character tenor (Q1062991) tenor character tenor male Charaktertenor character tenor, character-tenor ténor de caractère
Heldentenor (Q1601762)) tenor heldentenor male Heldentenor heroic tenor, heavy dramatic tenor, dramatic tenor, low tenor драматический тенор
tenor Trial (Q54635669) tenor tenor Trial male Trial-Tenor tenor Trial, tenor trial
Baritenor (Q2338646) baritenor - male Baritenor baritenor баритональный тенор
baritone (Q31687) baritone - male Bariton baritone barítono baryton baritono баритон
Verdi baritone (Q54635681) baritone Verdi baritone male Verdi-Bariton Verdi baritone barítono verdiano baryton Verdi baritono verdiano
baryton-Martin (Q21478751) baritone light baritone male leichter Bariton, Bariton Martin light baritone, baryton Martin barítono ligero baryton léger, baryton Martin baritono leggero, baritono chiaro, baryton-martin тенор-баритон
Tenor lirico (Q54635717) baritone lyric baritone male lyrischer Bariton lyric baritone, high baritone barítono lírico baryton lyrique baritono lirico, baritono cantabile лирический баритон
acting baritone (Q54635751) baritone acting baritone male Spielbariton acting baritone
Kavalierbariton (Q54635784) baritone Kavalierbariton male Kavalierbariton Kavalierbariton, cavalier baritone baritono lirico-drammatico, baritono spinto лирико-драматический баритон
baryton-noble (Q19740895) baritone baryton-noble male nobler Bariton baryton-noble baryton noble
dramatic baritone (Q8243257) baritone dramatic baritone male dramatischer Bariton dramatic baritone, low baritone barítono dramático baryton dramatique baritono drammatico драматический баритон
character baritone (Q1062931) baritone character baritone male Charakterbariton character baritone baryton de caractère
buffo baritone (Q5721499) baritone buffo baritone male Baritonbuffo buffo baritone barítono buffo
Heldenbaritone (Q1601737) baritone heldenbaritone male Heldenbariton Heldenbaritone, heroic baritone
bass-baritone (Q810480) bass-baritone - male Bassbariton bass-baritone, bass baritone, deep baritone bajo-barítono baryton-basse, taille, haute-taille basso-baritono бас-баритон,

баритональный бас

intermediate voice type
lyric bass-baritone (Q54635842) bass-baritone lyric bass-baritone male lyrischer Bassbariton lyric bass-baritone
dramatic bass-baritone (Q54635897) bass-baritone dramatic bass-baritone male dramatischer Bassbariton dramatic bass-baritone
bass (Q27911) bass - male Bass bass bajo basse basso бас
high bass (Q54636007) bass high bass male hoher Bass high bass высокий бас
lyric high bass (Q3636053) bass lyric high bass male Basso cantante, lyrischer hoher Bass basso cantante, basse chantante, lyric high bass bajo cantante, bajo ligero basse chantante, basse-taille basso cantante, basso-cantante бас-кантанте
dramatic high bass (Q54636036) bass dramatic high bass male dramatischer hoher Bass dramatic high bass
serious bass (Q54636068) bass serious bass male seriöser Bass serious bass
buffo bass (Q1002146) bass buffo bass male Bassbuffo, Spielbass buffo bass, basso buffo, acting bass, comic bass bajo buffo basse bouffe basso buffo, basso leggero комический бас бас-буффо
character bass (Q20638448) bass character bass male Chrakterbass character bass bajo caractère характерный бас
basso profondo (Q2532487) bass basso profondo male dramatischer Basso Profondo, schwarzer Bass basso profondo, basso profundo, low bass, deep bass bajo profundo basse profonde, basse noble, basse Nivette, basse-contre basso profondo бас-профундо, низкий бас, глубокий бас
heavy acting bass (Q54636271) bass heavy acting bass male Schwerer Spielbass, Schwerer Bassbuffo heavy acting bass, heavy comic bass
octavist (Q7082656) bass octavist male Oktavist octavist октавист

Collectives[edit]

WDitem Voice Indication de en es fr it ru Comments
choir (Q131186) chorus Chor chorus
n/a opera chorus Opernchor opera chorus use choir (Q131186)
n/a voller Chor use choir (Q131186)
chamber choir (Q1723154) chamber choir Kammerchor chamber choir
n/a Chor auf der Bühne use choir (Q131186) in combination with role (Q1707847)
n/a Chor hinter der Szene use choir (Q131186) in combination with offstage role (Q54288259)
mixed choir (Q3276909) mixed chorus gemischter Chor mixed chorus
men's chorus (Q1684352) men's chorus Männerchor men's chorus, male chorus
n/a kleiner Männerchor use men's chorus (Q1684352)
female choir (Q1451652) female choir Frauenchor, Mädchenchor female choir
youth choir (Q591250) youth choir Jugendchor
children's choir (Q1753063) children's choir Kinderchor children's choir
boys' choir (Q1776834) boys' choir Knabenchor
girls' choir (Q53869202) girls choir Mädchenchor
Q54290445 Sprechchor

See also: einstimmiger, zweistimmiger, dreistimmiger etc. Chor; 16 Sänger, 24 Kinder, etc.;

Further Voice or Role Indications[edit]

WDitem Role or Voice Indication de en es fr it ru Comments
female singing voice (Q54285818) female singing voice Frauenstimme female singing voice, female voice, female singer
male singing voice (Q54285279) male singing voice Männerstimme male singing voice, male voice, male singer
child's voice (Q6164901) child's voice Kinderstimme
castrato (Q210970) castrato voice Kastratenstimme castrato voice, castrato
serious role seriöses Fach
Spiel- und Charackterfach
character role (Q54290928) Charakterrolle, Charakterfach
buffo (Q53837302) buffo Buffo buffo buffo
extended voice artist (Q54289488) extended voice artist extended voice artist
Sprechgesang (Q1500983) -- sprechgesang Sprechgesang, Sprechstimme Sprechgesang, Sprechstimme
(skip for now) microphoned singer
Q54290196 Chorrolle, Chorsolist
silent role (Q1605169) silent role stumme Rolle silent role, mute role, silent actor, does not sing, non-singing, non singing, non-speaking, non speaking, tacet, mute
speaking role (Q1312022) spoken role Sprechrolle speaking role, speaking part, spoken part, spoken
child role (Q54287532) child role Kinderrolle child role
offstage role (Q54288259) offstage role Stimme aus dem Off offstage role
breeches role (Q849959) breeches role breeches role, en travesti, trouser role See also: travesti (Q16764901) – needs cleaning up.
actor (Q33999) actor Schauspieler, Schauspielerin actor, actress
mime artist (Q674067) mime artist Pantomime mime artist, mime
dancer (Q5716684) dancer dancer
narrator (Q755070) narrator narrator
speaker (Q28503751) speaker speaker
Ballet, Tanz
Musikanten, Musiker, Musikerinnen
Statisten, Statisterie, Komparsen