Wikidata:WikiProject Performing arts/Data structure

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Data Structure




Data Sources


Use Cases


Tools & Tasks




Existing Data Structures on Wikidata[edit]

See WikiProject Cultural venues for classes/properties for:

  • Performing arts venues

See WikiProject Theatre for classes/properties for:

  • Play (Literary Work / Composite Work: frbr:Work with elements of frbr:Expression)
  • Edition of a play (Literary Work: frbr:Manifestation with elements of frbr:Expression]
  • Theatrical production (Performance Work: Performing Arts Production, corresponds to frbr:Manifestation)
  • A specific representation (Performance Work: Performance, corresponds to frbr:Item)
  • Awards
  • Other (Theaterlexikon Schweiz Online ID)

Adaptation/Mapping of the Swiss Performing Arts Data Model to Wikidata[edit]

Further data modelling approaches have been described in the context of concrete data ingests, see for example:

Data modelling issues that have been encountered in the course of these ingests are being documented on the following page:

Existing Data Models / Ontologies outside Wikidata[edit]

Data Model Publisher Version/URL Description
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Final Report (amended as of 2009) FRBR is not an actual standard, but a study report regarding the functional requirements for bibliographic records. These requirements are generally used as a basis for the development of library cataloguing standards. The FRBR study report comes along with a data model for bibliographic metadata. Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, Yandex (current release: 3.4, 15.06.2018) is a collaborative community activity with a mission to "create, maintain, and promote schemas for structured data on the Internet, on web pages, in email messages, and beyond". It has been initiated by the providers of the major Internet search engines in order to facilitate retrieval of information thanks to structured data embedded in web pages. Amongst many other things, the data model covers classes relevant to the performing arts, such as CreativeWork, TheatreEvent, DanceEvent, MusicEvent, Festival, Person, Organization, etc.
Music Ontology - Latest version (Revision 2.15, 22 July 2013) The Music Ontology Specification provides main concepts and properties fo describing music (i.e. artists, albums and tracks) on the Semantic Web. Note that the core entities of the MusicBrainz data model have been mapped to the Music Ontology.
FRBR – object-oriented (FRBRoo) International Working Group on FRBR and CIDOC CRM Harmonisation Version 2.4 (November 2015), (all releases) FRBRoo is an object-oriented definition and mapping from FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD. FRBRoo complements FRBR by defining additional classes, including classes that are highly relevant in the performing arts context, such as F20 Performance Work, F25 Performance Plan, or F31 Performance. Unlike FRBR it thus allows to model the double work structure typical for the performing arts domain (cf. Doerr et al. 2008).
DOREMUS Data Model DOREMUS Consortium Version 1.2 (23.12.2015) (online documentation; training materials) Extension of FRBRoo for the representation of musical works and events.
European Collected Library of Artistic Performance, Performing Arts Vocabulary (ECLAP) DISIT Lab, University of Florence, Italy Version 1.0 The ECLAP vocabulary has been created in connection with the platform of the same name that is used as a content aggregator for Europeana covering the performing arts domain. It defines classes and properties used for the description of multimedia content, with a main focus on describing media objects, the modelling of the users of the platform and its content, as well as on the annotation of media objects.
AusStage Data Models AusStage Website (accessed on 9 Sept. 2017) Data model used for the AusStage database, covering works, events, contributors, organisations, venues, and resources.
Pina Bausch Archive Ontology - unpublished? (see Thull et al. 2015 for a summary description) Ontology used in the context of the Pina Bausch Archiv.
Carnegie Hall Data Model Carnegie Hall Version June 2017 Data Model used by the archives of Carnegie Hall to publish their events data as Linked Open Data. The data covers all sorts of events that took place at Carnegie Hall, including theatre and dance performances, concerts, circus performances, political meetings, etc.
Data Model for the Swiss Performing Arts Platform Swiss Archive of the Performing Arts / Bern University of Applied Sciences Draft Version 0.51 (September 2017) Data model used by the Swiss Theatre Collection and the Swiss Dance Archive in view of the development of and migration to their new data platform.
Performed Music Ontology Stanford University, Metadata Department Undated Version

(retrieved in August 2019)

An extension of the BIBFRAME ontology for describing performed music, both for mainstream and archival performed music collections.
Conceptual Model for Linked Data in the Performing Arts Canadian Arts Presenting Association (CAPACOA) Draft Version 0.5 (December 2019) Data model (and formal ontology) used in the context of CAPACOA's Linked Digital Future Initiative. It is largely based on the Data Model for the Swiss Performing Arts Platform and contains references to Wikidata classes and properties as well as to common RDF ontologies, such as, RDA, etc. Along with the conceptual model, an inventory of controlled vocabularies and typologies is also available.

Data Structures[edit]

Properties for Persons[edit]


The following table is inspired by the data structures in the following WikiProjects and templates:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberBen Whishaw <instance of> human-
family nameP734Itemfamily name and by surname: part of full name of personAndré Laliberté <family name> Laliberté-
given nameP735Itemgiven name: first name or another given name of this person; values used with the property should not link disambiguations nor family namesAndré Laliberté <given name> André-
pseudonymP742Stringpseudonym and stage name: alias used by someone (for nickname use P1449)Rose Ouellette <pseudonym> La Poune-
imageP18Commons media fileillustration and image: image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, also use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image)Rose Ouellette <image> Rose Ouellette.jpg-
date of birthP569Point in timedate of birth: date on which the subject was bornTomson Highway <date of birth> +1951-12-05T00:00:00Z-
work period (start)P2031Point in timework period: start of period during which a person or group flourished (fl. = "floruit") in their professional activityVincent van Gogh <work period (start)> -
floruitP1317Point in timefloruit: date when the person was known to be active or alive, when birth or death not documentedWilliam Baldwin <floruit> -
work period (end)P2032Point in timework period: end of period during which a person or group flourished (fl. = "floruit") in their professional activityVincent van Gogh <work period (end)> -
date of deathP570Point in timedate of death: date on which the subject diedEdgar Leopold Layard <date of death> -
sex or genderP21Itemsex, gender and sex or gender: sex or gender identity of human or animal. For human: male, female, non-binary, intersex, transgender female, transgender male, agender. For animal: male organism, female organism. Groups of same gender use subclass of (P279)André Laliberté <sex or gender> male-
country of citizenshipP27Itemcitizenship: the object is a country that recognizes the subject as its citizenMaiko Yamamoto <country of citizenship> Canada-
occupationP106Itemoccupation, profession and by occupation or profession: occupation of a person; see also "field of work" (Property:P101), "position held" (Property:P39)Yo-Yo Ma <occupation> cellist-
place of birthP19Itemplace of birth and maternity hospital: most specific known (e.g. city instead of country, or hospital instead of city) birth location of a person, animal or fictional characterPeggy Baker <place of birth> Edmonton-
work locationP937Itemworkplace: location where persons or organisations were actively participating in employment, business or other workGuillaume Côté <work location> Toronto-
nominated forP1411Itemaward nomination received by a person, organisation or creative work (inspired from "award received" (Property:P166))Alabama Shakes <nominated for> Grammy Award for Best New Artistnominee
award receivedP166Itemaward, honorary citizenship and title of honor: award or recognition received by a person, organisation or creative workLouise Lecavalier <award received> Governor General's Performing Arts Award-
voice typeP412Itemvoice type: person's voice type. expected values: soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass (and derivatives)Luciano Pavarotti <voice type> tenor-
employerP108Itememployer: person or organization for which the subject works or workedAlbert Verlinde <employer> Stage Entertainment Germany-
member ofP463Itemmember and group member: organization, club or musical group to which the subject belongs. Do not use for membership in ethnic or social groups, nor for holding a political position, such as a member of parliament (use P39 for that).John Lennon <member of> The Beatles-
influenced byP737Itemsocial influence: this person, idea, etc. is informed by that other person, idea, etc., e.g. “Heidegger was influenced by Aristotle”Shakira <influenced by> Andean music-
student ofP1066Itemteacher: person who has taught this personCecilia Clare Bocard <student of> Moissaye Boguslawskistudent
participant inP1344Itemevent: event in which a person or organization was/is a participant; inverse of P710 or P1923Željko Joksimović <participant in> Eurovision Song Contest 2012participant
affiliationP1416Itemaffiliation: organization that a person or organization is affiliated with (not necessarily member of or employed by)Martina McBride <affiliation> Broadcast Music, Inc.-
notable workP800Itemwork and magnum opus: notable scientific, artistic or literary work, or other work of significance among subject's worksAndré Laliberté <notable work> Les grandes vacances-
list of worksP1455Itembibliography, thematic catalog, catalogue of classical compositions and catalog of works: link to the article with the works of a person; use P358 for discographiesWolfgang Amadeus Mozart <list of works> list of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart-
notable roleP10606Itemrole: role in a theatrical, motion picture, television, or other work that a performer is particularly known forAlice Marriott <notable role> Prince Hamlet-
archives atP485Itemarchive: the institution holding the subject's archivesJohann Sebastian Bach <archives at> Bach-Archiv Leipzig-
ISNIP213External identifierInternational Standard Name Identifier: International Standard Name Identifier for an identity. Format: 4 blocks of 4 digits separated by a space, first block is 0000Norway <ISNI> 0000 0001 2197 5163-
VIAF IDP214External identifierVIAF ID: identifier for the Virtual International Authority File database [format: up to 22 digits]Stan Lauryssens <VIAF ID> 120062731-
GND IDP227External identifierGND ID: identifier from an international authority file of names, subjects, and organizations (please don't use type n = name, disambiguation) - Deutsche Nationalbibliothekuniverse <GND ID> 4079154-3-

Notes on properties for persons[edit]

  • If, for privacy matters, the full date of birth (P569) cannot be stated, then it is possible to only state the year of birth.
  • The family name should be provided as a separate family name (P734) statement (in addition to [First Name(s)] [Last Name(s)] in the label). This facilitates the alphabetical sorting of person items in lists.
  • Occupations, positions and roles are distinct work-related concepts, which can easily be confused:
    • Occupations denote the kind of work usually performed by a person; and they are defined according to skills and education required for that work (see below);
    • Positions denote an employment relationship or other contractual relationship between a person and an organization (see below);
    • Roles denote contributions of persons to performing arts endeavours (works/productions or events). Roles should be stated in the item of the performing arts endeavour.
  • Only the main occupation(s) (i.e., the kind of work a person is most notable for) need to be stated. One occupation can be enough.
    • Whenever a performing arts specific occupation can be used for a given person, the subclass should be preferred over the superclass. For example, stage actor (Q2259451) should be preferred over actor (Q33999).
    • A list of common occupations is provided under the Typologies tab.
  • External identifiers are a very potent aspect of Wikidata. By linking an item to external identifiers, more information and content about that item can be discovered by humans and machines alike. There are many more external identifiers beyond those listed above. Social media accounts are also a type of external identifiers.

Properties for Performing Arts Organizations[edit]


The following tables are inspired by the data structure of heritage institutions. Wikidata:WikiProject Heritage institutions/Data structure

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberKonzert Theater Bern <instance of> organization-
countryP17Itemcountry: sovereign state of this item (not to be used for human beings)National Arts Centre <country> Canada-
official nameP1448Monolingual textofficial name: official name of the subject in its official language(s)Edmonton Jazz Society <official name> "THE EDMONTON JAZZ SOCIETY (1973)"-
parent organizationP749Itemparent company: parent organization of an organization, opposite of subsidiaries (P355)Landeshauptstadt München <parent organization> Munich Kammerspielesubsidiary
business divisionP199Itemdivision: organizational divisions of this organization (which are not independent legal entities)National Arts Centre <business division> NAC Indigenous Theatre-
part ofP361Itempart: object of which the subject is a part (if this subject is already part of object A which is a part of object B, then please only make the subject part of object A). Inverse property of "has part" (P527, see also "has parts of the class" (P2670)).NAC Indigenous Theatre <part of> National Arts Centrehas part or parts
has part or partsP527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: part of this subject; inverse property of "part of" (P361). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670).Konzert Theater Bern <has part or parts> Bern Symphony Orchestrapart of
legal formP1454Itemlegal form: legal form of an entityKonzert Theater Bern <legal form> foundation-
field of workP101Itemfield of work: specialization of a person, organization, or of the work created by such a specialist; see P106 for the occupationKonzert Theater Bern <field of work> performing arts-
inceptionP571Point in timedate of establishment: time when an entity begins to exist; for date of official opening use P1619Konzert Theater Bern <inception> 2011-
founded byP112Itemorganizational founder: founder or co-founder of this organization, religion or placeThéâtre de l'Œil <founded by> André Laliberté-
item operatedP121Itemtool: equipment, installation or service operated by the subjectPalais Montcalm - Maison de la musique <item operated> Palais Montcalmoperator


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
director / managerP1037Itemleader of organization: person who manages any kind of groupKonzert Theater Bern <director / manager> Anton Stocker-
artistic directorP8938Itemartistic director: person responsible for the overall artistic vision of an organization and for its executionKaha:wi Dance Theatre <artistic director> Santee Smith-
musical conductorP3300Itemconductor and music director: the person who directs a musical group, orchestra or chorusOrfeó Català <musical conductor> Simon Halsey-
chairpersonP488Itemchairperson, leader and president: presiding member of an organization, group or bodyKonzert Theater Bern <chairperson> Nadine Borter-
board memberP3320Itemboard member: member(s) of the board for the organizationWikimedia Foundation <board member> Jimmy Wales-


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
countryP17Itemcountry: sovereign state of this item (not to be used for human beings)Konzert Theater Bern <country> Switzerland-
located in the administrative territorial entityP131Itemadministrative territorial entity: the item is located on the territory of the following administrative entity. Use P276 for specifying locations that are non-administrative places and for items about events. Use P1382 if the item falls only partially into the administrative entity.Konzert Theater Bern <located in the administrative territorial entity> Bern-
located on streetP669Itemstreet: street, road, or square, where the item is located. To add the number, use Property:P670 "street number" as qualifier. Use property P6375 if there is no item for the streetWhite House <located on street> Pennsylvania Avenue-
street addressP6375Monolingual textstreet address, address and street: full street address where subject is located. Include building number, city/locality, post code, but not country; use also P669 if the street has its own separate itemKonzert Theater Bern <street address>
Deutsch: c/o KonzertTheaterBern, Nägeligasse 1
coordinate locationP625Geographic coordinatesgeographic coordinate system: geocoordinates of the subject. For Earth, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the momentKonzert Theater Bern <coordinate location> 46°56'56.7"N 7°26'49.4"E-


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
phone numberP1329Stringtelephone number: telephone number in standard format (RFC3966), without 'tel:' prefixLouvre Museum <phone number> +33 1 40 20 53 17-
official websiteP856URLofficial website and home page: URL of the official page of an item (current or former) [if the page changes, add an additional statement with preferred rank. Do not remove the former URL]Louvre Museum <official website>
Twitter usernameP2002External identifierTwitter account, Twitter and Twitter username: this item's username on Twitter; do not include the “@” symbolLouvre Museum <Twitter username> MuseeLouvre-
Instagram usernameP2003External identifierInstagram, Instagram account and Instagram blogger: item's username on InstagramLouvre Museum <Instagram username> museelouvre-
Facebook IDP2013External identifierFacebook page: identifier for an official (preferably) Facebook person, product or organization page (everything that follows URL part '')Louvre Museum <Facebook ID> museedulouvre-
LinkedIn company IDP4264External identifierLinkedIn: identifier for an official company, school, or organisation page, on LinkedInPalais Montcalm - Maison de la musique <LinkedIn company ID> palais-montcalm---maison-de-la-musique-
YouTube channel IDP2397External identifierYouTube channel: ID of the YouTube channel of a person or organisation (not to be confused with the name of the channel) The ID can also be used for IDs.Louvre Museum <YouTube channel ID> UCafm6w_rPndqAtokQy04Jdw-
Vimeo identifierP4015External identifierVimeo: this item's username or ID on VimeoPierre Lefeuvre <Vimeo identifier> saycetorg-
logo imageP154Commons media filelogo: graphic mark or emblem commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations and productsOpéra de Montréal <logo image> Logo Opéra de Montréal 2.jpg-

External Identifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
VIAF IDP214External identifierVIAF ID: identifier for the Virtual International Authority File database [format: up to 22 digits]Stan Lauryssens <VIAF ID> 120062731-
ISNIP213External identifierInternational Standard Name Identifier: International Standard Name Identifier for an identity. Format: 4 blocks of 4 digits separated by a space, first block is 0000Norway <ISNI> 0000 0001 2197 5163-
GND IDP227External identifierGND ID: identifier from an international authority file of names, subjects, and organizations (please don't use type n = name, disambiguation) - Deutsche Nationalbibliothekuniverse <GND ID> 4079154-3-
Flanders Arts Institute organisation IDP5164External identifierFlanders Arts Institute and identifier of an organisation in the Flanders Arts Institute database for performing artsKOPERGIETERY <Flanders Arts Institute organisation ID> 369434-
Sceneweb organization IDP10106External identifierSceneweb: identifier of an organization in Sceneweb.noDen Nationale Scene <Sceneweb organization ID> 2676-
New Zealand Business NumberP5687External identifierunique identifier for a business entity registered in New ZealandCofactor <New Zealand Business Number> 9429046844125-

Notes on properties for organizations[edit]

"WorldCat" of the Performing Arts[edit]

To edit this section, click here.

This section documents the data structures required for the realization of a "WorldCat" of the performing arts, i.e. a comprehensive catalogue of artefacts documenting the performing arts (for an overview of such artefacts, see Artefacts Documenting Activities Related to the Performing Arts).

(Super-)class of item Type of artefact Property used Examples
human (Q5) archival material archives at (P485) Angelique Rockas (Q23893984)
human (Q5) personal library
organization (Q43229) archival material archives at (P485)
performing arts production (Q43099500) documentation files at (P10527)
performance (Q35140) audio recording(s) at (property to be created)

Mapping Infobox Templates[edit]

The following table presents a possible solution of an automated Infobox for organziation in performing arts. Main goal is to define the wikidata properties, which are mostly relevant. Furthermore multiple language should be covered.

Vorlage:Infobox Organisation

Infobox Template non-profit organisation

Modèle:Infobox Association

Wikidata Property en for non-profit organisation de fr
- name Name Nom
- Formerly called - -
short name (P1813) - Abkürzung -
logo image (P154) - Logo Logo
- - - Légende du logo
- - - Taille du logo
legal form (P1454) - Rechtsform -
- Type - Type d'association
- Tax ID No. - -
- Registration No. - -
ZVR-Number (P6279) - ZVR-Zahl -
inception (P571) Founded Gründungsdatum Date de fondation
location of formation (P740) - Gründungsort -
founded by (P112) Founder Gründer Fondateur/Fondatrice
headquarters location (P159) Headquarters Sitz Siège
- - - Structure
coordinate location (P625) Coordinates - -
- - Breitengrad -
- - Längengrad -
- Origins - Origine
- - - Scission de
- - - Fusion de
- - - Fusionne dans
- - ISO-Region -
- - Geschäftsstelle -
- Product(s) - -
- Services - -
motto text (P1451) Mission - -
- Method - Méthode
funding scheme (P6195) - - Financement
- - - Fonds de dotation
- - Vorläufer -
replaced by (P1366) - Nachfolger -
dissolved, abolished or demolished date (P576) Dissolved Auflösungsdatum Date de dissolution
motto (P1546) motto Motto Slogan
objective of project or action (P3712) - Zweck But
- - Aktionsraum Zone d'influence
chief executive officer (P169) - Vorsitz Président/Présidente
- - - Vice-président/Vice-présidente
- - - Secrétaire général/Secrétaire générale
- - - Délégué Général/Déléguée Générale
- - - Trésorier
director / manager (P1037) - Geschäftsführung Directeur général
- Key people Personen Personnage(s) clef(s)
owned by (P127) Owner Eigentümer -
total revenue (P2139) Revenue Umsatz -
endowment (P6589) Endowment Stiftungskapital -
employees (P1128) Employees Mitarbeiterzahl Nombre de salariés
number of volunteers (P6125) Volunteers Freiwilligenzahl Nombre de volontaires/ nombre de bénévoles
member count (P2124) Members Mitgliederzahl Nombre de membres
- - - Représentativité
- Subsidiaries - -
official website (P856) Homepage Website Site
- Footnotes Fußnoten Notes
- Focus Schwerpunkt -

Please feel free to add another column to the table for further languages. Where a (-) is marked, there is no value available at this moment.

Relevant Literature[edit]