Wikidata:WikiProject Performing arts/Data structure

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Data Structure




Data Sources


Use Cases


Tools & Tasks




Existing Data Structures on Wikidata[edit]

See WikiProject Theatre for classes/properties for:

  • Play (Literary Work / Composite Work: frbr:Work with elements of frbr:Expression)
  • Edition of a play (Literary Work: frbr:Manifestation with elements of frbr:Expression]
  • Theatrical production (Performance Work: Performing Arts Production, corresponds to frbr:Manifestation)
  • A specific representation (Performance Work: Performance, corresponds to frbr:Item)
  • (Venues)
  • Awards
  • People
  • Other (Theaterlexikon Schweiz Online ID)

<Review the classes/properties in the light of relevant data models / ontologies and add them here.>

Adaptation/Mapping of the Swiss Performing Arts Data Model to Wikidata[edit]

Further data modelling approaches have been described in the context of concrete data ingests, see for example:

Data modelling issues that have been encountered in the course of these ingests are being documented on the following page:

Existing Data Models / Ontologies outside Wikidata[edit]

Data Model Publisher Version/URL Description
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Final Report (amended as of 2009) FRBR is not an actual standard, but a study report regarding the functional requirements for bibliographic records. These requirements are generally used as a basis for the development of library cataloguing standards. The FRBR study report comes along with a data model for bibliographic metadata. Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, Yandex (current release: 3.4, 15.06.2018) is a collaborative community activity with a mission to "create, maintain, and promote schemas for structured data on the Internet, on web pages, in email messages, and beyond". It has been initiated by the providers of the major Internet search engines in order to facilitate retrieval of information thanks to structured data embedded in web pages. Amongst many other things, the data model covers classes relevant to the performing arts, such as CreativeWork, TheatreEvent, DanceEvent, MusicEvent, Festival, Person, Organization, etc.
Music Ontology - Latest version (Revision 2.15, 22 July 2013) The Music Ontology Specification provides main concepts and properties fo describing music (i.e. artists, albums and tracks) on the Semantic Web. Note that the core entities of the MusicBrainz data model have been mapped to the Music Ontology.
FRBR – object-oriented (FRBRoo) International Working Group on FRBR and CIDOC CRM Harmonisation Version 2.4 (November 2015), (all releases) FRBRoo is an object-oriented definition and mapping from FRBR, FRAD and FRSAD. FRBRoo complements FRBR by defining additional classes, including classes that are highly relevant in the performing arts context, such as F20 Performance Work, F25 Performance Plan, or F31 Performance. Unlike FRBR it thus allows to model the double work structure typical for the performing arts domain (cf. Doerr et al. 2008).
DOREMUS Data Model DOREMUS Consortium Version 1.2 (23.12.2015) (online documentation; training materials) Extension of FRBRoo for the representation of musical works and events.
European Collected Library of Artistic Performance, Performing Arts Vocabulary (ECLAP) DISIT Lab, University of Florence, Italy Version 1.0 The ECLAP vocabulary has been created in connection with the platform of the same name that is used as a content aggregator for Europeana covering the performing arts domain. It defines classes and properties used for the description of multimedia content, with a main focus on describing media objects, the modelling of the users of the platform and its content, as well as on the annotation of media objects.
AusStage Data Models AusStage Website (accessed on 9 Sept. 2017) Data model used for the AusStage database, covering works, events, contributors, organisations, venues, and resources.
Pina Bausch Archive Ontology - unpublished? (see Thull et al. 2015 for a summary description) Ontology used in the context of the Pina Bausch Archiv.
Carnegie Hall Data Model Carnegie Hall Version June 2017 Data Model used by the archives of Carnegie Hall to publish their events data as Linked Open Data. The data covers all sorts of events that took place at Carnegie Hall, including theatre and dance performances, concerts, circus performances, political meetings, etc.
Data Model for the Swiss Performing Arts Platform Swiss Archive of the Performing Arts / Bern University of Applied Sciences Draft Version 0.51 (September 2017) Data model used by the Swiss Theatre Collection and the Swiss Dance Archive in view of the development of and migration to their new data platform.
Performed Music Ontology Stanford University, Metadata Department Undated Version

(retrieved in August 2019)

An extension of the BIBFRAME ontology for describing performed music, both for mainstream and archival performed music collections.
Conceptual Model for Linked Data in the Performing Arts Canadian Arts Presenting Association (CAPACOA) Draft Version 0.5 (December 2019) Data model (and formal ontology) used in the context of CAPACOA's Linked Digital Future Initiative. It is largely based on the Data Model for the Swiss Performing Arts Platform and contains references to Wikidata classes and properties as well as to common RDF ontologies, such as, RDA, etc.

Data Structures[edit]

Properties for Performing Arts Organizations[edit]


The following table is inspired by the data structure of heritage institutions. Wikidata:WikiProject_Heritage_institutions/Data_structure

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberKonzert Theater Bern <instance of> organization-
part ofP361Itempart of: object of which the subject is a part (if this subject is already part of object A which is a part of object B, then please only make the subject part of object A). Inverse property of "has part" (P527, see also "has parts of the class" (P2670)).Konzert Theater Bern <part of> has part
parent organizationP749Itemparent company: parent organization of an organization, opposite of subsidiaries (P355)Landeshauptstadt München <parent organization> Munich Kammerspielesubsidiary
has partP527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: part of this subject; inverse property of "part of" (P361). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670).Konzert Theater Bern <has part> foundationpart of
legal formP1454Itemlegal form: legal form of an organizationKonzert Theater Bern <legal form> foundation-
director / managerP1037Itemperson who manages any kind of groupKonzert Theater Bern <director / manager> Anton Stocker-
chairpersonP488Itemchairperson, leader and president: presiding member of an organization, group or bodyKonzert Theater Bern <chairperson> Nadine Borter-
imageP18Commons media fileillustration and image: image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptableKonzert Theater Bern <image> Konzert_Theater_Bern_logo.jpg-
Open Issues[edit]
Property Issue description Proposed solutions Example Status
instance of (P31) Organisation is widly definition of a organisation. What if, the prezise type of organisation (subclass) is used for instance of (P31) If the legal form of the item is a foundation, it should be a nonprofit organization (Q163740) Pending
legal form (P1454) Some organisation do not have a legal form. Maintanance list for Flanders Art Institution Staatliche Schauspielbühnen Berlin (Q2324483) Pending


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
located in the administrative territorial entityP131Itemadministrative territorial entity: the item is located on the territory of the following administrative entity. Use P276 (location) for specifying locations that are non-administrative places and for items about eventsKonzert Theater Bern <located in the administrative territorial entity> Bern-
countryP17Itemcountry: sovereign state of this item (not to be used for human beings)Konzert Theater Bern <country> Switzerland-
street addressP6375Monolingual textstreet address and postal address: full street address where subject is located. include building number through to post code. use also P669 if the street is known as a separate elementKonzert Theater Bern <street address>
Deutsch: c/o KonzertTheaterBern, Nägeligasse 1
coordinate locationP625Geographic coordinatesgeographic coordinate system: geocoordinates of the subject. For Earth, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the momentKonzert Theater Bern <coordinate location> 46°56'56.7"N 7°26'49.4"E-

Mapping Infobox Templates[edit]

The following table presents a possible solution of an automated Infobox for organziation in performing arts. Main goal is to define the wikidata properties, which are mostly relevant. Furthermore multiple language should be covered.

Vorlage:Infobox Organisation

Infobox Template non-profit organisation

Modèle:Infobox Association

Wikidata Property en for non-profit organisation de fr
- name Name Nom
- Formerly called - -
short name (P1813) - Abkürzung -
logo image (P154) - Logo Logo
- - - Légende du logo
- - - Taille du logo
legal form (P1454) - Rechtsform -
- Type - Type d'association
- Tax ID No. - -
- Registration No. - -
ZVR-Number (P6279) - ZVR-Zahl -
inception (P571) Founded Gründungsdatum Date de fondation
location of formation (P740) - Gründungsort -
founded by (P112) Founder Gründer Fondateur/Fondatrice
headquarters location (P159) Headquarters Sitz Siège
- - - Structure
coordinate location (P625) Coordinates - -
- - Breitengrad -
- - Längengrad -
- Origins - Origine
- - - Scission de
- - - Fusion de
- - - Fusionne dans
- - ISO-Region -
- - Geschäftsstelle -
- Product(s) - -
- Services - -
motto text (P1451) Mission - -
- Method - Méthode
funding scheme (P6195) - - Financement
- - - Fonds de dotation
- - Vorläufer -
replaced by (P1366) - Nachfolger -
dissolved, abolished or demolished (P576) Dissolved Auflösungsdatum Date de dissolution
motto (P1546) motto Motto Slogan
objective of project or action (P3712) - Zweck But
- - Aktionsraum Zone d'influence
chief executive officer (P169) - Vorsitz Président/Présidente
- - - Vice-président/Vice-présidente
- - - Secrétaire général/Secrétaire générale
- - - Délégué Général/Déléguée Générale
- - - Trésorier
director / manager (P1037) - Geschäftsführung Directeur général
- Key people Personen Personnage(s) clef(s)
owned by (P127) Owner Eigentümer -
total revenue (P2139) Revenue Umsatz -
endowment (P6589) Endowment Stiftungskapital -
employees (P1128) Employees Mitarbeiterzahl Nombre de salariés
number of volunteers (P6125) Volunteers Freiwilligenzahl Nombre de volontaires/ nombre de bénévoles
member count (P2124) Members Mitgliederzahl Nombre de membres
- - - Représentativité
- Subsidiaries - -
official website (P856) Homepage Website Site
- Footnotes Fußnoten Notes
- Focus Schwerpunkt -

Please feel free to add another column to the table for further languages. Where a (-) is marked, there is no value available at this moment.

Relevant Literature[edit]