Wikidata:WikiProject PCC Wikidata Pilot/Smithsonian Libraries/Projects/Chinese Portraits

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Aim and Scope[edit]

The aim of this project is to create, augment and review for accuracy Wikidata items for names matched to the Freer and Sackler Galleries collection of Chinese Ancestors portraits. These names represent important historical figures in modern Chinese history, mainly from the Qing Dynasty. This project will also include creation of items for the creators of the portraits and the paintings themselves. The Wikidata items created as part of this project will eventually be uploaded to the Smithsonian's Wikibase. There are 90 portrait paintings in the collection.

           Project Page: WikiProject PCC Wikidata Pilot/Smithsonian Libraries Chinese Ancestor Portraits (Q107077160)

Background[edit]

Timeline[edit]

  • Spring/Summer 2020 - Recruit and train team members
  • Fall 2020 - Evaluate core/extended properties for describing sitter of the portraits. Begin editing Wikidata items for sitters
  • January-June 2021 - Complete research on all identifiable individuals in the portrait collection and edit or create item records
  • July-August 2021 - Create Wikidata items for each of the 90 portraits
  • September 2021 - Upload all images cleared by Freer Sackler provenance researchers to Wikimedia and add appropriate metadata to image
  • October-December 2021 - Create Wikidata items for a selected number of print publications (25) related to the project. CAP Project report

Contributors[edit]

Workflow[edit]

Tasks[edit]

  1. Work on applying the Properties below, developing best practice guidelines as needed.
  2. Add new statements or edit existing statements for the name entities that are found in Wikidata, ensuring all entries have the previously agreed upon element values of identified as basic and core for this collection. Add statements for elements identified as extended only if they can be identified and added within a reasonable amount of time.
  3. Add new Wikidata items for names absent in the Wikidata environment if the identity of the sitter can be established.
  4. Data Modeling via User Stories and WDQS, including Demo Chinese Emperors on Listeria

Chinese Ancestor Portraits in the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and the Freer Gallery of Art[edit]

Sitter_Label FSG ID Wikidata Item (Sitter) Wikidata Item (Painting)
Gong Family F1909.208 Gong Family (Q103537674) Portraits and Documents of the Gong Family (Q108258231)
Li family F1911.236 Li clan of Longxi (Q15914504) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Li Sheng F1911.236 Li Sheng (Q3237572) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Li Mian F1911.236 Li Mian (Q6538971) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Li Fang F1911.236 Li Fang (Q253490) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Li Gang F1911.236 Li Gang (Q1391913) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Li Tong F1911.236 Li Tong (Q11095355) Genealogy and Portraits of the Li Family (Q108258756)
Woman in Green F1916.186 Portrait of a woman in green (Q108656618)
Man and his servant F1918.9 Li Zhaodao (Q698174) Portrait of a man and his servant (Q108259290)
Bao Zheng F1919.181 Bao Zheng (Q337805) Portrait of Bao Zheng (998-1061) (Q97581915)
Wang Huan F1948.10 Wang Huan (Q97925320) Portrait of Wang Huan (Q108272899)
Feng Ping F1948.11 Feng Ping (Q45429310) Portrait of Feng Ping (Q108274109)
Portrait FSC-PA-150 Portrait, hanging scroll (Q110087591)
Elderly Civil Official FSC-PA-234 Portrait of an elderly unidentified civil official (Q110424179)
Hongyan, Prince Guo S1991.47 Hongyan (Q7733079) Portrait of Hongyan, Prince Guo (1733-1765) (Q108274241)
Hongyan, Prince Guo, Reading in a Spring Garden S1991.48 Hongyan (Q7733079) Hongyan, Prince Guo (1733–1765), Reading in a Spring Garden (Q108461090)
Beauty Standing near a Pot of Orchids S1991.49 Consort Qian (Q7675445) Beauty Standing Near a Pot of Orchids (Q110020229)
Lady Liu S1991.50 Consort Qian (Q7675445) Beauty Holding an Orchid (Portrait of Lady Liu) (Q108460844)
Lady Wanyan, primary wife of Prince Hongming S1991.53 Lady Wanyan (Q97330058) Portrait of Lady Wanyan, primary wife of Prince Hongming (1705-1767) (Q108046815)
Dodo, Prince Yu S1991.54 Dodo (Q842501) Portrait of Dodo in a blue robe, Prince Yu (1614-1649) (Q108049377)
Dodo, Prince Yu S1991.55 Dodo (Q842501) Portrait of Dodo, Prince Yu (1614-1649) (Q108047254)
Wife of Dodo, Prince Yu S1991.56 Portrait of the wife of Dodo, Prince Yu (1614-1649) (Q110427836)
Ser Er Chen S1991.57 Ser Er Chen (Q110440908)
Manchu Noblewoman S1991.58 Portrait of a Manchu noblewoman (Q110443495)
Emperor Qianlong S1991.60 Qianlong Emperor (Q19133) Portrait of Emperor Qianlong on Horseback Crossing Gold Tortoise Jade Rainbow Bridge (Q108137737)
Prince Hongming S1991.61 Hongming (Q96747153) Portrait of Prince Hongming (1705–1767) (Q108138139)
Tsereng S1991.62 Ts'ering (Q7368579) Portrait of Tsereng (d. 1750) (Q108297092)
Hongtaiji, Emperor Taizong S1991.63 Hong Taiji (Q296367) Hongtaiji, Emperor Taizong (1592–1643), Meditating with a Buddhist Rosary (Q108297320)
Yinxiang, Prince Yi S1991.64 Yinxiang (Q831169) Yinxiang, Prince Yi (1686–1730), Looking Through a Window (Q108298040)
Lady Hejia, Secondary Wife of Prince Zaizhi S1991.65 Lady Hejia (Q96747540) Portrait of Lady Hejia, Secondary Wife of Prince Zaizhi (1839–1880) (Q108298445)
Yinsi, Prince Lian S1991.66 Yunsi (Q4260294) Portrait of Yinsi, Prince Lian (1681-1726) (Q108461323)
Father Zhang Jimin and Mother Zhao S1991.73 Portrait of Father Zhang Jimin and Mother Zhao (Q110457750)
Daisan S1991.74 Daišan (Q4154088) Portrait of Daisan (Q107650956)
Imperial Lady S1991.75 Portrait of an Imperial Lady (Q110463580)
Manchu Noblewoman, Lady-in-Waiting to Empress S1991.76 Portrait of a Manchu Noblewoman (Lady-in-Waiting to Empress) (Q110503340)
Yang Hong S1991.77 Yang Hong (Q11118647) Portrait of Yang Hong (Q108047243)
Boggodo, Prince Zhuang S1991.78 Portrait of Boggodo, Prince Zhuang (1650-1723) (Q110503745)
Daisan, Prince Li S1991.79 Daišan (Q4154088) Portrait of Daishan, Prince Li (1583-1648) (Q108462434)
Yinghe S1991.80 Yinghe (Q94519953) Portrait of Yinghe (1771-1839) (Q108576408)
Shang Kexi S1991.81 Shang Kexi (Q842505) Portrait of Shang Kexi (Q108369035)
Jalafengge S1991.82 Portrait of Jalafengge (fl. 2d half 19th century) (Q110458076)
Chunying, Prince Rui S1991.83 Chunying (Q11153595) Portrait of Chunying, Prince Rui (1761 - 1800) (Q107781236)
Yinxiang, the First Prince Yi S1991.84 Yinxiang (Q831169) Portrait of Yinxiang, the First Prince Yi (1686-1730) (Q108459720)
Woman with a Phoenix Headdress S1991.85 Portrait of a Woman with a Phoenix Headdress (Q110458203)
Sixth Prince Yi S1991.86 Portrait of the Sixth Prince Yi (Q110458259)
Yunti, Prince Xun S1991.87 Yunti (Q3375172) Life Portrait of Yinti, Prince Xun (1688-1755) (Q108464707)
Yunti, Prince Xun and Wife S1991.88 Yunti (Q3375172) Portrait of Yinti, Prince Xun (1688-1755), and Wife (Q108462554)
Irgen Gioro (Mistress of Yunti) S1991.88 Irgen Gioro (Q104981950) Portrait of Yinti, Prince Xun (1688-1755), and Wife (Q108462554)
Yongzheng's Mother S1991.89 Empress Xiaogongren (Q1205144) Portrait of Yongzheng’s Mother (Q108464620)
Guanglu, Prince Yu S1991.90 Guanglu (Q22907068) Portrait of Guanglu, Prince Yu (1706-1785) (Q108576529)
Lady Shi, Wife of Yinreng S1991.91 Gūwalgiya (Q51054875) Portrait of Lady Shi (d. 1718), Wife of Yinreng (Q108576820)
Qing Court Lady S1991.92 Portrait of a Qing court lady, with 20th century alteration of adding the dragon surcoat (Q110458373)
Oboi S1991.93 Oboi (Q1194024) Portrait of Oboi (died 1669) (Q108576997)
Yintang S1991.94 Yuntang (Q7359299) Portrait of Yintang (1683-1726) (Q108615846)
Yinli, Prince Guo S1991.95 Yunli (Q7361552) Portrait of Yinli, Prince Guo (1697-1738) (Q108640037)
Man with a Peacock Feather S1991.96 Portrait of Man with Peacock Feather (Q110443417)
Mongol Lady, Daughter of Prince S1991.97 Woman [“Mongol Lady, Daughter of Prince”] (Q110443477)
Yinzhi, Prince Cheng S1991.100 Yunzhi, Prince Cheng (Q4260394) Portrait of Yinzhi, Prince Cheng (Q108653444)
Yinxi, Prince Shen S1991.101 Yunxi (Q7361731) Portrait of Yinxi (1711-1758), Prince Shen in an Outdoor Setting (Q108654362)
Seventh Prince Yi S1991.102 Portrait of the Seventh Prince Yi (Q110445832)
First-rank court official, possibly Li Yinzu S1991.103 Li Yinzu (Q97323432) Portrait of a First-rank Court Official, possibly Li Yinzu (1629-1664) (Q108655631)
Li Yinzu S1991.104 Li Yinzu (Q97323432) Li Yinzu (1629 – 1664) (Q108655700)
Portrait of a Qing Courtier S1991.105 Portrait of a Qing Courtier (Q110449504)
Jiaqing Emperor's 17th Brother S1991.106 Yonglin (Q7901429) Man [“Chia Ch’ing’s 17th Brother”] (Q108718214)
Qing Courtier S1991.107 Portrait of a Qing Courtier in a Winter Costume (Q110449549)
Manchu Noble S1991.108 Man [“A Manchu Noble”] (Q110449564)
Possibly Yinreng S1991.109 Yunreng (Q1076775) Portrait of a Qing Courtier, possibly Yinreng (d. 1725) as Heir Apparent (Q108369602)
Qing Courtier in a Winter Costume S1991.110 Portrait of a Qing Courtier in a Winter Costume (Q110424440)
Qing Courtier S1991.111 Portrait of a Qing Courtier in Summer Costume (Q110424615)
Qing Courtier, Possibly Dorgun, Prince Rui S1991.112 Dorgon (Q380573) Portrait of a Qing Courtier, possibly Dorgun (Q108370851)
Qing Court Lady, Possibly the Wife of Dorgun S1991.113 Portrait of a Qing Court Lady, possibly the Wife of Dorgun (Q110424700)
Ch'u Ying, Narhaci's Eldest Son S1991.114 Cuyen (Q836176) Ch’u Ying, Nurhaci’s Eldest Son (Q108718706)
Qing Court Lady S1991.115 Portrait of a Qing Court Lady (Q110429282)
Qing Courtier, possibly Yin'e, Prince Dun S1991.116 Yun’e (Q7359492) Portrait of a Qing Courtier, possibly Yin’e (1683-1741), Prince Dun (Q108719679)
Qing Court Lady S1991.117 Portrait of a Qing Court Lady (Q110429667)
Man in Court Costume S1991.118 Portrait of a Man in Court Costume (Q110440902)
Chinese Woman in Kingfisher Headdress S1991.119 Portrait of Chinese Woman in a Kingfisher Headdress (Q110441356)
Shi Wenying S1991.120 Shi Wenying (Q106410570) Portrait of Shi Wenying (Q108129033)
Lady Guan S1991.121 Lady Guan (Q106411049) Portrait of Lady Guan (Q107689458)
Princess Shouzang, Fifth Daughter of Emperor Daoguang S1991.122 Princess of the second rank Shou-Zang (Q8189142) Portrait of Princess Shouzang (1829–1856), Fifth Daughter of Emperor Daoguang (Q107687646)
Man in Daoist Dress Holding a Peony S1991.123 Man in Daoist Dress Holding a Peony (Q109366787)
Man in Daoist Robes Holding a Peony S1991.124 Man in Daoist Robes Holding a Peony (Q109367550)
Qing Courtier S1991.125 Portrait of Qing Courtier in Winter Costume (Q109367754)
Nobleman S1991.126 Unidentified Nobleman in Front of a Table (Q109368411)
Courtier S1991.127 Portrait of a Courtier in Winter Costume (possibly a workshop-practice piece) (Q109368960)
Elderly Couple S1991.128 Portrait of an Elderly Couple (Q108642350)
Lirongbao's Wife S1991.129 Lady Gioro (Q97584736) Portrait of Lirongbao’s Wife (fl. 17th century) (Q108040728)
Lirongbao S1991.130 Lirongbao (Q7771153) Portrait of Lirongbao (fl. late 17th century) (Q108041071)
Man and Son S1991.133 Portrait of an unidentified man and his son (Q108638691)
Qing Courtier, possibly Jing Shou S1991.135 Fucha Jingshou (Q8189753) Portrait of a Qing Courtier, possibly Jing Shou (d. 1889) (Q108049442)
Father Ruifeng S1991.136 Portrait of Father Ruifeng (Q110441673)
Mother Mujia S1991.137 Portrait of Mother Mujia (Q110441897)
Court Lady Alleged to be Empress Xiaozhuang S1991.141 Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang (Q1373915) Portrait of a Court Lady Alleged to be Empress Xiaozhuang (1613-1688) (Q108062097)
Yu Chenglong S1997.39 Yu Chenglong (Q10880610) Posthumous Portrait of Yu Chenglong (1617-1684) (Q108128694)

Item Label, Description, and Aliases (applicable for all items)[edit]

Property Value Usage note
Label
Description
Alias Chinese and Manchu names if available

Properties Related to Portrait Sitters and Artists[edit]

Core properties:[edit]

Property Value Usage Note
instance of (P31) human (Q5) required
sex or gender (P21)
country of citizenship (P27)
date of birth (P569)
date of death (P570)
family (P53) noble house. NOT family name
family name (P734) person only; not family
on focus list of Wikimedia project (P5008) WikiProject PCC Wikidata Pilot/Smithsonian Libraries Chinese Ancestor Portraits (Q107077160)

Extended properties:[edit]

Property Value Usage Note
father (P22)
mother (P25)
spouse (P26)
sibling (P3373)
child (P40)
given name (P735)
birth name (P1477)
place of birth (P19)
place of death (P20)
cause of death (P509)
manner of death (P1196)
floruit (P1317)
place of burial (P119)
image (P18)
native language (P103)
birth name (P1477)
name in native language (P1559)
temple name (P1785)
posthumous name (P1786)
type of kinship (P1039)
languages spoken, written or signed (P1412)
occupation (P106)
position held (P39)
academic degree (P512)
start time (P580)
end time (P582)
replaces (P1365)
replaced by (P1366)
follows (P155)
followed by (P156)
noble title (P97)
seal image (P158)
owner of (P1830)
residence (P551)
official residence (P263)
award received (P166)
student of (P1066)
student (P802)
notable work (P800)
Eight Banner Register (P470)
ethnic group (P172)
religion (P140)
military rank (P410)
series ordinal (P1545)
time period (P2348)
subclass of (P279)
era name (P6902)
depicted by (P1299)
described at URL (P973)
has works in the collection (P6379)
reference URL (P854)
retrieved date (P813)
transliteration (P2440)
Möllendorff transliteration (P5139)
Pinyin transliteration (P1721)
described by source (P1343)
Commons category (P373)

Properties Related to Paintings (Artworks)[edit]

Core properties:[edit]

Property Value Usage Note
instance of (P31)
image (P18)
title (P1476)
main subject (P921) use for sitter
inception (P571)
location (P276)
collection (P195)
inventory number (P217)
on focus list of Wikimedia project (P5008) WikiProject PCC Wikidata Pilot/Smithsonian Libraries Chinese Ancestor Portraits (Q107077160)

Extended properties:[edit]

Property Value Usage Note
depicts (P180)
country of origin (P495)
owned by (P127)
creator (P170)
calligrapher (P6819)
genre (P136)
material used (P186)
width (P2049)
height (P2048)
exhibition history (P217)
comissioned by (P88)
copyright status (P6216)
described by source (P1343)
described at URL (P973)

Project Year-end report (October 2020-September 2021)[edit]

Participation in the PCC Wikidata Pilot Project provided the Chinese Ancestor Portrait Project (CAPP) with a window into other libraries’ explorations and implementation of open access structured data, especially in the modeling of Wikidata properties. By the time the team joined the PCC Pilot, members of the CAPP project had already begun identifying and adding properties to existing Wikidata items for sitters in a collection of some 90 Chinese ancestor portraits owned by the Freer and Sackler Galleries, Smithsonian Institution.

Most of the sitters in these Chinese ancestor portraits lived during the Qing dynasty (1636-1912). The project team members found that many individuals portrayed in the portraits had no Wikidata item and that those who did often had far fewer statements than would typically be found for Western European figures of similar rank and status. Most existing items needed significant enhancement. As the Freer and Sackler had no databases or files with biographical information on these individuals a fair amount of research was required, much of it using Chinese language databases and name authority files.

Both the enhanced Wikidata items and the newly created ones needed statements with properties added, properties that were not necessarily seen in the items of their Western counterparts’, i.e, Eight Banner Register (P470) or Posthumous name (P1786). It was also particularly important to learn how data linked across languages, exploring the implications of adding different language values for the properties, as Qing court culture included both Chinese and Manchu language names.

As the CAPP project progressed the project scope expanded to include creating items for the paintings themselves. This was done, in part, to examine data modeling within the context of linking an object (painting) to an individual, either named or described. In most cases the painter is unknown so linkage to the person(s) portrayed was the primary focus of the CAPP team’s modeling discussions.

Fortunately, there were other PCC Pilot projects also grappling with modeling their WIkidata properties across multiple cultural groups (including smaller groups within larger cultural spheres), multiple linguistic environments and different historical time periods. The many PCC Pilot Wikidata Project discussions and presentations on these issues were an important element to the CAPP team’s developing a group of core and extended properties for this collection of Chinese ancestor portraits (see above). Participation also helped the project team with thinking through some best practices for modeling data on people living during the Qing dynasty historical period. Beyond this small project, some of the modeling practices learned should also be useful to the larger Smithsonian’s exploration of linked open data, as many of its collections are international in nature and cover an extremely broad swath of time.