Wikidata:WikiProject Music

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WikiProject Music

Wikidata-music-logo-en.svg

The aim of WikiProject Music is:

  • to define a set of properties that can be used by music infoboxes.
  • to map and import all relevant data that currently is spread in Commons, Wikipedia, and Wikisource.
  • to establish methods to interact with this data from different projects.

Properties[edit]

Person properties[edit]

In addition to standard properties that apply for all instance of (P31) of human (Q5), these properties can be specific to music-related persons:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
occupation P106 Item occupation: occupation of a person; see also "field of work" (Property:P101), "position held" (Property:P39) Yo-Yo Ma <occupation> cellist -
instrument P1303 Item musical instrument: musical instrument that a person plays Yo-Yo Ma <instrument> cello -
award received P166 Item award: award or recognition received by a person, organisation or creative work Lady Gaga <award received> Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance -
discography P358 Item discography and thematic catalog: link to discography in artist or band page Celine Dion <discography> Celine Dion discography -
part of P361 Item part: object of which the subject is a part. Inverse property of "has part" (P527). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670). Richard Rodgers <part of> Rodgers and Hammerstein has part
voice type P412 Item voice type: person's voice type. expected values: soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass (and derivatives) Luciano Pavarotti <voice type> tenor -
member of P463 Item member: organization or club to which the subject belongs. Do not use for membership in ethnic or social groups, nor for holding a position such as a member of parliament (use P39 for that). John Lennon <member of> The Beatles -
influenced by P737 Item this person, idea, etc. is informed by that other person, idea, etc., e.g. "Heidegger was influenced by Aristotle". Shakira <influenced by> Andean music -
student P802 Item student: notable student(s) of a person Antonín Dvořák <student> Vítězslav Novák student of
student of P1066 Item teacher: person who has taught this person Cecilia Clare Bocard <student of> Moissaye Boguslawski student
participant of P1344 Item event: event a person or an organization was a participant in, inverse of P710 or P1923 Željko Joksimović <participant of> Eurovision Song Contest 2012 participant and participating teams
nominated for P1411 Item award nomination received by a person, organisation or creative work (inspired from "award received" (Property:P166)) Alabama Shakes <nominated for> Grammy Award for Best New Artist -
affiliation P1416 Item organization that a person or organization is affiliated with Martina McBride <affiliation> Broadcast Music -
list of works P1455 Item bibliography: link to the article with the works of a person Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart <list of works> List of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart -

Notice that occupation (P106) may be general (musician (Q639669)) or more specific. To clarify, instrument (P1303) can be used to designate which instruments a person plays as well.

Group properties[edit]

These properties may apply in particular to items with instance of (P31) of musical ensemble (Q2088357) or one of its subclasses, such as band (Q215380), orchestra (Q42998), etc.:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
logo image P154 Commons media file logo: graphic mark or emblem commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations and products Nine Inch Nails <logo image> Nine Inch Nails logo.svg -
award received P166 Item award: award or recognition received by a person, organisation or creative work Men at Work <award received> Grammy Award for Best New Artist -
discography P358 Item discography and thematic catalog: link to discography in artist or band page Los Angeles Philharmonic <discography> Los Angeles Philharmonic discography -
has part P527 Item has part: part of this subject. Inverse property of "part of" (P361). The Beatles <has part> Paul McCartney part of
inception P571 Point in time inception: date or point in time when the organization/subject was founded/created The Beatles <inception> 1960 -
dissolved, abolished or demolished P576 Point in time dissolved, abolished or demolished date: date or point in time on which an organisation was dissolved/disappeared or a building demolished The Beatles <dissolved, abolished or demolished> 10 April 1970 -
influenced by P737 Item this person, idea, etc. is informed by that other person, idea, etc., e.g. "Heidegger was influenced by Aristotle". Slayer <influenced by> Judas Priest -
location of formation P740 Item location where a group or organization was formed The Beatles <location of formation> Liverpool -
participant of P1344 Item event: event a person or an organization was a participant in, inverse of P710 or P1923 Vanilla Ninja <participant of> Eurovision Song Contest 2005 participant and participating teams
nominated for P1411 Item award nomination received by a person, organisation or creative work (inspired from "award received" (Property:P166)) Alabama Shakes <nominated for> Grammy Award for Best New Artist -

Identifiers for groups and persons[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
AllMusic artist ID P1728 External identifier AllMusic: identifier for an artist in AllMusic database Haloo Helsinki! <AllMusic artist ID> mn0001458516 -
Deezer artist ID P2722 External identifier Deezer: identifier for an artist on Deezer Haloo Helsinki! <Deezer artist ID> 214938 -
Discogs artist ID P1953 External identifier Discogs: identifier for a band or person in the Discogs database Haloo Helsinki! <Discogs artist ID> 1606296 -
Genius artist ID P2373 External identifier Genius: identifier for an artist on Genius.com Chuck Berry <Genius artist ID> Chuck-berry -
IPI name number P1828 External identifier IPI number: identifier for the name of a composer, author and other relevant parties Brian May <IPI name number> 00087038166 -
MusicBrainz artist ID P434 External identifier MusicBrainz artist ID: identifier for an artist per the MusicBrainz open music encyclopedia Haloo Helsinki! <MusicBrainz artist ID> e80bb0ef-c6bb-4769-8d35-4904617c5704 -
Spotify artist ID P1902 External identifier Spotify artist ID: identifier for an artist on Spotify Haloo Helsinki! <Spotify artist ID> 0JTMRuiDzOCjWuYtWMgv2s -
Google Play Music artist ID P4198 External identifier ID of an artist on the Google Play Music website Heikki Kuula <Google Play Music artist ID> Alcizqffis4gtt7yjhjjftzlya4 -
iTunes artist ID P2850 External identifier iTunes: artist identifier in iTunes Kygo <iTunes artist ID> 635806094 -
Last.fm music ID P3192 External identifier identifier for an artist, group or work, on Last.fm Pink Floyd <Last.fm music ID> Pink+Floyd -
Yandex.Music artist ID P1553 External identifier Yandex.Music: identifier for artist on the site music.yandex.ru Queen <Yandex.Music artist ID> 79215 -
National Discography of Italian Song artist/group ID P2510 External identifier artist or music group identity code on the National Discography of Italian Song website Elio e le Storie Tese <National Discography of Italian Song artist/group ID> 732 -


Composition properties[edit]

These properties may apply to some items with instance of (P31) of musical work (Q2188189) or its subclasses, like song (Q7366), concerto (Q9748), musical composition (Q207628), etc. Note that these items are the work itself, not recorded versions of the work.

In FRBR terms, we could say these are properties of a work or expression.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
audio P51 Commons media file audio file format: relevant sound Étude Op. 25, No. 11 <audio> Chopin, Frédéric - Opus 25 - Twelve Grand Etudes - a minor (2).ogg -
composer P86 Item composer: person(s) who wrote the music; also use P676 for lyricist Für Elise <composer> Ludwig van Beethoven -
librettist P87 Item librettist: author of the libretto (words) of an opera, operetta, oratorio or cantata, or of the book of a musical Madama Butterfly <librettist> Giuseppe Giacosa -
genre P136 Item genre: a creative work's genre or an artist's field of work (P101). Use main subject (P921) to relate creative works to their topic Night Train <genre> blues -
series P179 Item series of creative works: subject is part of a series, whose sum constitutes the object Brown Sugar <series> The Rolling Stones European Tour 1970 -
language of work or name P407 Item for works (for persons P103 and P1412) Mazurek Dąbrowskiego <language of work or name> Polish -
publication date P577 Point in time date of publication: date or point in time a work is first published or released Trout Quintet <publication date> 7 December 1820 -
first performance P1191 Point in time première: date a work was first debuted, performed or broadcasted The Magic Flute <first performance> 30 September 1791 -
lyrics by P676 Item lyricist: author of song lyrics; also use P86 for music composer National Anthem of Peru <lyrics by> José Bernardo Alcedo -
tonality P826 Item key and tonality: key of a musical composition Piano Sonata No. 31 <tonality> A-flat major -
charted in P2291 Item record chart: chart where the element reached a position Ei Eerika pääse taivaaseen <charted in> Q20962062 -
copyright owner P3931 Item copyright holder: person or organisation who owns or hold the copyright of a work according to the Berne Convention Love Me Do <copyright owner> Sony/ATV Music Publishing -

Identifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
IMSLP ID P839 External identifier International Music Score Library Project: identifier for a page on the International Music Score Library Project Die Walküre <IMSLP ID> Walküre, WWV 86B (Wagner, Richard) Die Walküre, WWV 86B (Wagner, Richard) -
Parsons code P1236 External identifier Parsons code: identifier for melodic contours of music Twinkle Twinkle Little Star <Parsons code> *rururddrdrdrd urdrdrdurdrdrd drururddrdrdrd -
MusicBrainz work ID P435 External identifier MusicBrainz: identifier for a work per the MusicBrainz open music encyclopedia Swan Lake <MusicBrainz work ID> 11f48c5e-5ee9-4646-9826-fb7c2fccce7f -
Spotify track ID P2207 External identifier Spotify: Identifier for a track on Spotify Tarkenee <Spotify track ID> 3G9gUGRgM4lB2ebVPUcMKI -
Discogs release ID P2206 External identifier Discogs: identifier for a musical work (release) in the Discogs database, if there is no master ID 247 365 <Discogs release ID> 7067165 -
AllMusic song ID P1730 External identifier AllMusic: identifier for a song in AllMusic database Bring Me to Life <AllMusic song ID> mt0000156233 -
AllMusic composition ID P1994 External identifier AllMusic: identifier for a composition in AllMusic Turandot <AllMusic composition ID> mc0002370727 -
Deezer track ID P2724 External identifier Deezer: identifier for a track on Deezer So What <Deezer track ID> 5707517 -
ISWC P1827 External identifier International Standard Musical Work Code: identifier for musical works, adopted as international standard ISO 15707 Je t'aime... moi non plus <ISWC> T-003.024.051-7 -


Release properties[edit]

These properties may apply to items with instance of (P31) of album (Q482994), extended play (Q169930) or single (Q134556) or music track (Q7302866) (subclasses of release (Q2031291)). Note that some are specific to recorded works ('releases'), not the original compositions themselves.

In FRBR terms, we could say these are properties of a manifestation. An item wouldn't normally be worth of an entry in Wikidata.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
composer P86 Item composer: person(s) who wrote the music; also use P676 for lyricist Songs from a Room <composer> Leonard Cohen -
genre P136 Item genre: a creative work's genre or an artist's field of work (P101). Use main subject (P921) to relate creative works to their topic The Dark Side of the Moon <genre> progressive rock -
follows P155 Item follows: immediately prior item in some series of which the subject is part. Use P1365 (replaces) if the preceding item was replaced, e.g. political offices, states and there is no identity between precedent and following geographic unit The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan <follows> Bob Dylan followed by
followed by P156 Item followed by: immediately following item in some series of which the subject is part. Use P1366 (replaced by) if the item is replaced, e.g. political offices, states The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan <followed by> The Times They Are a-Changin' follows
record label P264 Item record label: brand and trademark associated with the marketing of subject music recordings and music videos The Dark Side of the Moon <record label> Harvest Records -
producer P162 Item film producer and record producer: producer(s) of this film or music work (film: not executive producers, associate producers, etc.) The Dark Side of the Moon <producer> Pink Floyd -
performer P175 Item performer, music artist, musician, band, musical ensemble and singer: performer involved in the performance or the recording of a work The Dark Side of the Moon <performer> Pink Floyd -
instrument P1303 Item musical instrument: musical instrument that a person plays Ringo Starr <instrument> drum -
language of work or name P407 Item for works (for persons P103 and P1412) The Dark Side of the Moon <language of work or name> English -
recorded at P483 Item studio or location where a musical composition was recorded The Dark Side of the Moon <recorded at> Abbey Road Studios -
publication date P577 Point in time date of publication: date or point in time a work is first published or released The Dark Side of the Moon <publication date> 10 March 1973 -
tracklist P658 Item songs contained in this item The Dark Side of the Moon <tracklist> Speak to Me -
has part P527 Item has part: part of this subject. Inverse property of "part of" (P361). Eurasia <has part> Europe and Asia part of
lyrics by P676 Item lyricist: author of song lyrics; also use P86 for music composer The Dark Side of the Moon <lyrics by> Roger Waters -
cover artist P736 Item cover artist and book cover designer: name of person or team creating cover artwork for album, single, book, etc. The Wall <cover artist> Gerald Scarfe -
codename P1638 Monolingual text working title: temporary name of a product or project used during its development The Dark Side of the Moon <codename> Eclipse (English) -
charted in P2291 Item record chart: chart where the element reached a position Kiitos ei ole kirosana <charted in> Q21426693 -

Use performer (P175) to list all the performers with instrument (P1303) as a qualifier to say which instrument each performer played on that recording.

Identifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
MusicBrainz release group ID P436 External identifier MusicBrainz: identifier for a release group per the MusicBrainz open music encyclopedia (album) A Night at the Opera <MusicBrainz release group ID> 6b47c9a0-b9e1-3df9-a5e8-50a6ce0dbdbd -
Spotify album ID P2205 External identifier Spotify: identifier for an album on Spotify Koska sä eroot <Spotify album ID> 16BW7Z0h309liAUqhHlAg4 -
Discogs master ID P1954 External identifier Discogs: identifier for a musical work in the Discogs database The Dark Side of the Moon <Discogs master ID> 10362 -
AllMusic album ID P1729 External identifier AllMusic: identifier for an album in AllMusic database Vulnicura <AllMusic album ID> mw0002816050 -
International Standard Recording Code P1243 External identifier International Standard Recording Code: identifier Enquanto Houver Sol <International Standard Recording Code> BRBMG0300729 -
Deezer album ID P2723 External identifier Deezer: identifier for an album on Deezer Kind of Blue <Deezer album ID> 521185 -
Google Play Music album ID P4199 External identifier ID of an album on the Google Play Music website Suomalainen mies <Google Play Music album ID> Biaqn6hnnzfac7fr2ppg4asoedu -
iTunes album ID P2281 External identifier iTunes: identifier for a musical work in the iTunes website 22 m² <iTunes album ID> 747694220 -
Yandex.Music album ID P2819 External identifier Yandex.Music: identifier for the album in the database Yandex.Music A Night at the Opera <Yandex.Music album ID> 215688 -

Label properties[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance of P31 Item instance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member. (Subject typically an individual member with Proper Name label.) Different from P279 (subclass of) Nelson Mandela <instance of> human -
country P17 Item country: sovereign state of this item Madrid <country> Spain -
headquarters location P159 Item headquarters, siège social, seat and episcopal see: specific location where an organization's HQ is or has been situated OPEC <headquarters location> Vienna occupant
official website P856 URL official website: URL to the website of this item (current or former). If the website changes, add an additional statement with preferred rank. Do not remove the former URL. Facebook <official website> https://www.facebook.com -

Identifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
Discogs label ID P1955 External identifier Discogs: identifier for a record label, studio or series in the Discogs database Harvest Records <Discogs label ID> 2564 -
MusicBrainz label ID P966 External identifier MusicBrainz: identifier for a label in the MusicBrainz open music encyclopedia Jamendo <MusicBrainz label ID> c80d3a32-73d9-4c2a-b591-115edd0fa65b -

Qualifiers[edit]

Some useful qualifiers for the above properties include:

property datatype description
point in time (P585) Item Example: For nominated for (P1411) => Grammy Award for Best New Artist (Q1453643), set qualifier of point in time (P585) => 2012
start time (P580) Item Example: For member of (P463) => The Beatles (Q1299), set qualifier of start time (P580) => 1960
end time (P582) Item Example: For member of (P463) => The Beatles (Q1299), set qualifier of end time (P582) => 10 April 1970
for work (P1686) Item Example: For an artist with award received (P166) => Dove Award for Song of the Year (Q374780), set qualifier of for work (P1686) => Oceans (Q18162891))
applies to part (P518) Item Belly Amphora by the Andokides Painter (Q540716) => creator (P170) => Andokides painter (Q492239) (applies to part (P518) => red-figure pottery (Q633683))
instrument (P1303)
ranking (P1352) Integer no label (Q21888090) => charted in (P2291) => Billboard Hot 100 (Q180072) (ranking (P1352) => 1
series ordinal (P1545)
location (P276) Item Brown Sugar (Q21887964) => first performance (P1191) => 1969-12-06 (location (P276) => Altamont Raceway Park (Q434307))


Generic properties[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
described at URL P973 URL item is described at the following URL Mona Lisa <described at URL> http://musee.louvre.fr/oal/joconde/indexFR.html -
described by source P1343 Item dictionary, encyclopaedia, etc. where this item is described Vladimir K. Zworykin <described by source> Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (19 ed.) -


Current tasks[edit]

Add missing properties about music genres[edit]

Open the table of all music genres ("Try it" link below) and fill in the blanks:

SELECT DISTINCT ?genre
  (SAMPLE(COALESCE(?en_label, ?any_label)) as ?label)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?parent_label ; separator=", ") as ?parent)
  (SAMPLE(?inception) as ?inception)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?origin_label ; separator=", ") as ?origin)
  (SAMPLE(?image) as ?image)
  (SAMPLE(?audio) as ?audio)
  (SAMPLE(?video) as ?video)
WHERE {
  ?genre wdt:P31 wd:Q188451.
  OPTIONAL{?genre rdfs:label ?en_label. FILTER(LANG(?en_label) = "en")} OPTIONAL {?genre rdfs:label ?any_label}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P279 ?parent. ?parent rdfs:label ?parent_label. FILTER(LANG(?parent_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P571 ?inception}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P495 ?origin. ?origin rdfs:label ?origin_label. FILTER(LANG(?origin_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P18 ?image}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P51 ?audio}
  OPTIONAL{?genre wdt:P10 ?video}
}
GROUP BY ?genre ORDER BY ?origin
Try it!

One of the most challenging (and interesting!) tasks is to create and upload a sample audio (or even video) for each music genre.

Add missing properties about musical instruments[edit]

Example of a subclass of instrument: trumpet (Q8338)

SELECT DISTINCT ?instrument
  (SAMPLE(COALESCE(?en_label, ?any_label)) as ?label)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?parent_label ; separator=", ") as ?parent)
  (SAMPLE(?inception) as ?inception)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?origin_label ; separator=", ") as ?origin)
  (SAMPLE(?image) as ?image)
  (SAMPLE(?audio) as ?audio)
  (SAMPLE(?video) as ?video)
WHERE {
  ?instrument wdt:P279* wd:Q34379.
  OPTIONAL{?instrument rdfs:label ?en_label. FILTER(LANG(?en_label) = "en")} OPTIONAL {?instrument rdfs:label ?any_label}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P279 ?parent. ?parent rdfs:label ?parent_label. FILTER(LANG(?parent_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P571 ?inception}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P495 ?origin. ?origin rdfs:label ?origin_label. FILTER(LANG(?origin_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P18 ?image}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P51 ?audio}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P10 ?video}
}
GROUP BY ?instrument ORDER BY ?origin
Try it!

Add missing properties about instances of musical instruments[edit]

Example of an instrument instance: The Organ of the Basilica of St. Martin (Q316302)

SELECT DISTINCT ?instrument
  (SAMPLE(COALESCE(?en_label, ?any_label)) as ?label)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?class_label ; separator=", ") as ?class)
  (SAMPLE(?inception) as ?inception)
  (GROUP_CONCAT(DISTINCT ?origin_label ; separator=", ") as ?origin)
  (SAMPLE(?image) as ?image)
  (SAMPLE(?audio) as ?audio)
  (SAMPLE(?video) as ?video)
  (SAMPLE(?coordinates) as ?coordinates)
WHERE {
  ?instrument p:P31/ps:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q34379.
  OPTIONAL{?instrument rdfs:label ?en_label. FILTER(LANG(?en_label) = "en")} OPTIONAL {?instrument rdfs:label ?any_label}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P31 ?class. ?class rdfs:label ?class_label. FILTER(LANG(?class_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P571 ?inception}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P495 ?origin. ?origin rdfs:label ?origin_label. FILTER(LANG(?origin_label) = "en")}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P18 ?image}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P51 ?audio}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P10 ?video}
  OPTIONAL{?instrument wdt:P625 ?coordinates.}
}
GROUP BY ?instrument ORDER BY ?origin
Try it!

Musical scales[edit]

We want to create items for musical scales. See C major scale (Q20640627) for an example. has part (P527) statements should be moved from the corresponding tonality (here: C major (Q1022293)) to the scale.

Responsible: Galaktos (talkcontribslogs), Coyau (talkcontribslogs), but feel free to help out!

Scale items
major scale melodic minor scale natural minor scale harmonic minor scale
C (Q843813) C major scale (Q20640627) TODO TODO TODO
C♯ (Q3267651) C-sharp major scale (Q20643062) TODO TODO TODO
D♭ (Q3268931) D-flat major scale (Q20643502) TODO TODO TODO
D (Q1651121) D major scale (Q20643499) TODO TODO TODO
D♯ (Q3274226) D-sharp major scale (Q20643985) TODO TODO TODO
E♭ (Q633464) E-flat major scale (Q20643993) TODO TODO TODO
E (Q1622022) E major scale (Q20643998) TODO TODO TODO
F (Q775617) F major scale (Q20668923) TODO TODO TODO
F♯ (Q2652945) F-sharp major scale (Q20668929) TODO TODO TODO
G♭ (Q969284) G-flat major scale (Q20668934) TODO TODO TODO
G (Q1440231) G major scale (Q20683357) TODO TODO TODO
G♯ (Q549905) G-sharp major scale (Q20683360) TODO TODO TODO
A♭ (Q3268067) A-flat major scale (Q20683365) TODO TODO TODO
A (Q744346) A major scale (Q20890881) TODO TODO TODO
A♯ (Q3272691) A-sharp major scale (Q20890895) TODO TODO TODO
B♭ (Q13418258) B-flat major scale (Q20890983) TODO TODO TODO
B (Q726738) B major scale (Q20891016) TODO TODO TODO


Participants[edit]

Userbox: {{User music}}.

The participants listed below can be notified using the following template in discussions:

{{Ping project|Music}}


Related links[edit]

Tools[edit]

Items without statements[edit]

Navigation boxes[edit]

Authority control (edit)[edit]