Shortcut: wd:WDQS/Result views

Wikidata:SPARQL query service/Wikidata Query Help/Result Views/es

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:SPARQL query service/Wikidata Query Help/Result Views and the translation is 32% complete.
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WDQS interface
Tooltips when hovering SPARQL code
WDQS result display selection
Link to show script in WDQS results window after a Try It

This page describes the WDQS interface and helps you to understand the various possibilities to display results on SPARQL query service.

The query example page contains many good examples you can try!

Open the WDQS interface and then:

  • select your language in of the upper tool bar.
  • write a valid SPARQL code in the text area.
  • check your script by hovering the elements with your mouse; tooltips appear and should be consistent with what you intend to do. They adopt the language you have selected (default to english).
  • then click on blue button Execute query of the sidebar to launch the request. Red square is lit in the sidebar while the command executes.
  • after running a query, you can choose in the "Display" formats which result view you want to display. Depending on your query and the data type, some of the views will not be available.

Note: You can also run directly a hardcoded request via the TryIt links of this page. When it brings you directly to the result display you can always return to the source script unsing the link at the bottom of the interface.

Shows the result data as a table. It is the default view for results and can display every data type.

Will map every variable from the SPARQL select clause to a formatted table column.

Image Grid

Image Grid Pruébalo

Shows the result data as a grid with images.

Every grid item has a big picture and opens the gallery when clicking on it.

Contents an item is the formatted row data.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Commons Media Grid Item Image columns will create a grid item.

Las filas que no contengan ninguna imagen serán ignoradas.

It’s nonetheless possible to include no image rows in the result by modifying the sparql by including a default image in case the image variable is not bound:

  optional {
    ?item wdt:P18 ?img_ .
  }
  bind (if(bound(?img_), 
           ?img_, 
           <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/File:Profile_avatar_placeholder_large.png>) as ?image) # [[:commons:File:Profile_avatar_placeholder_large.png]] as a placeholder

Here the file commons:File:Profile avatar placeholder large.png is used as a placeholder, you can use your own.

Opciones

Option name Tipo Descripción
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Don’t show these variables in the result.

Mapa

Shows the result data as map with OpenStreetMap data.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Coordenada Map Marker Columns will create a marker on the map.

Content of that marker is the formatted row data.

?layer Map Marker Layer Creates a colored map layer that allows filtering.
?rgb Color Color Map Marker Example 000000 for black color.

Technically, any well-known text literal can be displayed, not just a point coordinate.

Non-point geometry values are never stored on Wikidata, but they can be constructed in SPARQL using functions like CONCAT() and STRDT() – see this map of Czech railway lines for an example of LINESTRING() geometry.

Opciones

specify using e.g. #defaultView:Map{"hide":["?foo", "?bar"],"layer":"?bar"}, using an array when there are multiple variables.

Option name Tipo Descripción
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Don’t show these variables in the result.
layer One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Use these variables for the map layer, instead of the default ?layerLabel, ?layer.
markercluster boolean or object
  • If the value is an object, pass these options to Leaflet.markercluster, a map plugin for clustering nearby map markers. (If the value is the empty object {}, Leaflet.markercluster is enabled with its default options.)
  • If the value is true (default for queries without map layers), Leaflet.markercluster is enabled with a special set of options that doesn’t cluster any nearby map markers (it only “spiderfies” markers with exactly identical coordinates) and attempts to replicate the default map look as much as possible.
  • If the value is false (default for queries with map layers), Leaflet.markercluster is not enabled.

Line, Bar, Scatter and Area Chart

Shows one of these chart types.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Número

Etiqueta

DateTime

Eje X

Eje Y

El primero será el eje X (abscisas), el segundo será el eje Y (ordenadas).
* Etiqueta Category / Legend Item (optional) Will only be used after the above are mapped
* Etiqueta Storyboard / Animation (optional) Will only be used after the above are mapped

Bubble Chart

Bubble Chart
Pruébalo

Shows a bubble chart where the size and the color of the bubble can configured.

When an item is provided a bubble is linked to Wikidata.org.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping
* Etiqueta Bubble Label
* Número Bubble Size
* Elemento Bubble Link (optional)
?rgb Color Bubble Color (optional)

Tree Map

Tree Map
Pruébalo

Shows a zoomable tree map.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Etiqueta Etiqueta

1st label in a row will be 1st level in tree map.

2nd label will be 2nd level.

3rd label will be 3rd level etc..

* Elemento Enlace (opcional)
* Quantity Size

Tree

Shows an expandable tree.

Tree Pruébalo
Variable Data Type Mapping Description
* Item Node ID First item will be a root node the following items in the same row will be nested.
* Label Node Label (optional) Labels will be appended to current node.
* Number Node Label (optional)
* Commons Media Item image

Timeline

Timeline
Pruébalo

Shows a explorable timeline.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* DateTime Item Point in Time

Item End Point in Time

First date in a row sets the item position in the timeline.

If a second date is present a start and end date will be set.

* Commons Media Item image

Opciones

Option name Tipo Descripción
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Don’t show these variables in the result.

Dimensiones

Dimensiones Pruébalo

Shows dimension and their links.

It also allows filtering them by selecting an axis fraction.

This type of graph is also known as parallel coordinates.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Etiqueta Dimensión Every column in the result row is mapped to a dimension
* Número
* DateTime

Graph

Shows an interactive graph that allow hierarchically ordering and exploring items.

Variable Tipo de dato Mapping Descripción
* Elemento Node ID First item in a row of output variables will have an arrow pointing to the items in the same row.
* Etiqueta Node Label (optional)
* Commons Media Node Image (optional)
?rgb Color Node Color (optional) Color of the item just before the rgb variable. Example 000000 for black color.
* Número Node Size (optional)
?edgeLabel Label Edge Label (optional)

Additional Information

RDF Data Type Mapping

Tipo RDF Tipo de dato RDF Restricción Tipo de dato
URI String starts with
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q
Entity
URI String starts with
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath
Commons Media
Literal http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime DateTime
Literal http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#wktLiteral Coordinate
Literal http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#double

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#float

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#decimal

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#integer

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#long

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#int

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#short

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#nonNegativeInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#positiveInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedLong

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedInt

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedShort

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#nonPositiveInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#negativeInteger

Number
Literal Has no RDF Data Type Label
Literal Tiene propiedad
xml:lang
Label
Literal String matches
/^[0-9A-F]{6}$/
Color

Formatting

There is special formatting for the following data types:

Tipo de dato Formato
Entity Enlace a Wikidata.org

La etiqueta está acortada a wd:Qxx

Explore an item (magnify icon)

DateTime MM DD, YYYY

Tooltip shows raw ISO timestamp

Commons Media Enlace a Commons.Wikimedia.org

Displaying Gallery ( image icon )

Móvil / Responsivo

Result views are made to work on different devices and resolutions. Their appearance may change depending on the space they can use.

Embed Mode

Result views can be linked or embedded via iframes. You can get the regarding link or code by clicking Link in the above menu.

See the difference: link to a query y link to a result or the embed code:

<iframe style="width:80vw; height:50vh;" scrolling="yes" frameborder="0" src="http://tinyurl.com/zwf4k2w">

Download results

Download results buttons

There are several ways to export the results of a query.

JSON, TSV and CSV are three different open-standard formats to download the data, offered under the Download tab. To get results in XML format, click on Link > SPARQL endpoint.

You can also download some of the graphic views as a SVG file: this feature works with all the views except table, image grid, timeline, graph builder, map, and graph.

Default View

The default view can be change for each SPARQL query by using a comment:

#defaultView:[NAME]

Por ejemplo:

#defaultView:ImageGrid

Result view options

Result views can be configured with various options, which are specified in JSON (Q2063) format, either following the defaultView comment (see previous section) or following a separate view comment.

#defaultView:Map{"layer": "?typeLabel"}
#view:ImageGrid{"hide": "?coords"}

Title

Result views can show a title. The title can be set via a title comment.

#title:A title of your choice

List of WDQS tags

WDQS tag Display options Notes
#defaultView:Table Table default format when omitted
#defaultView:ImageGrid Image grid
Graph builder access to the graph builder tool
#defaultView:Map Map
#defaultView:LineChart Line chart
#defaultView:BarChart Bar chart
#defaultView:ScatterChart Scatter chart
#defaultView:AreaChart Area chart
#defaultView:BubbleChart Bubble chart
#defaultView:TreeMap Tree map
#defaultView:Tree Tree
#defaultView:Timeline Timeline
#defaultView:Dimensions Dimensions
#defaultView:Graph Graph
#title: title of the WDQS results frame
#view: equivalent to prefix #defaultView:

Auto language

When using the magic keyword [AUTO_LANGUAGE] it is replaced by the users language when submitting the query. This allows writing a query with where the result is displayed in the users language.

Ejemplo:

#<span lang="en" dir="ltr" class="mw-content-ltr">Use language of the user for display labels and fallback to english as default</span>
SERVICE wikibase:label {
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en" .
}

Auto coordinates

When using the magic keyword [AUTO_COORDINATES] it is replaced by the users location when submitting the query. This allows writing a query with the users' location.

Ejemplo:

  SERVICE wikibase:around {
    ?place wdt:P625 ?coordinate_location.
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:center "[AUTO_COORDINATES]".
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:radius "1".
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:distance ?dist.
  }