Shortcut: wd:WDQS/Result views

Wikidata:SPARQL query service/Wikidata Query Help/Result Views/de

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:SPARQL query service/Wikidata Query Help/Result Views and the translation is 32% complete.
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WDQS interface
Tooltips when hovering SPARQL code
WDQS result display selection
Link to show script in WDQS results window after a Try It

This page describes the WDQS interface and helps you to understand the various possibilities to display results on SPARQL query service.

Die Abfragebeispielseite enthält viele gute Beispiele, die du ausprobieren kannst!

Open the WDQS interface and then:

  • select your language in of the upper tool bar.
  • write a valid SPARQL code in the text area.
  • check your script by hovering the elements with your mouse; tooltips appear and should be consistent with what you intend to do. They adopt the language you have selected (default to english).
  • then click on blue button Execute query of the sidebar to launch the request. Red square is lit in the sidebar while the command executes.
  • after running a query, you can choose in the "Display" formats which result view you want to display. Depending on your query and the data type, some of the views will not be available.

Note: You can also run directly a hardcoded request via the TryIt links of this page. When it brings you directly to the result display you can always return to the source script unsing the link at the bottom of the interface.

Tabelle (Standard)

Zeigt die Ergebnisse als Tabelle an. Das ist die Standardansicht für Ergebnisse und kann jeden Datentyp anzeigen.

Will map every variable from the SPARQL select clause to a formatted table column.

Image Grid

Image Grid Ausprobieren

Zeigt die Ergebnisdaten als Gitter mit Bildern an.

Every grid item has a big picture and opens the gallery when clicking on it.

Contents an item is the formatted row data.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Commons Media Grid Item Image columns will create a grid item.

Rows containing no image will be ignored.

It’s nonetheless possible to include no image rows in the result by modifying the sparql by including a default image in case the image variable is not bound:

  optional {
    ?item wdt:P18 ?img_ .
  }
  bind (if(bound(?img_), 
           ?img_, 
           <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/File:Profile_avatar_placeholder_large.png>) as ?image) # [[:commons:File:Profile_avatar_placeholder_large.png]] as a placeholder

Here the file commons:File:Profile avatar placeholder large.png is used as a placeholder, you can use your own.

Optionen

Optionsname Typ Beschreibung
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Zeige nicht diese Variablen als Ergebnis.

Karte

Zeigt die Ergebnisdaten als Karte mit OpenStreetMap-Daten an.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Koordinate Kartenmarker Spalten erstellen einen Marker auf der Karte

Der Inhalt des Markers sind die #Formatting Rohdaten.

?layer Kartenmarkerlayer Erstellen eines gefärbten Kartenlayers mit Filterfunktion
?rgb Farbe Kartenmarken färben Example 000000 for black color.

Technically, any well-known text literal can be displayed, not just a point coordinate.

Non-point geometry values are never stored on Wikidata, but they can be constructed in SPARQL using functions like CONCAT() and STRDT() – see this map of Czech railway lines for an example of LINESTRING() geometry.

Optionen

specify using e.g. #defaultView:Map{"hide":["?foo", "?bar"],"layer":"?bar"}, using an array when there are multiple variables.

Optionsname Typ Beschreibung
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Don’t show these variables in the result.
layer One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Use these variables for the map layer, instead of the default ?layerLabel, ?layer.
markercluster boolean or object
  • If the value is an object, pass these options to Leaflet.markercluster, a map plugin for clustering nearby map markers. (If the value is the empty object {}, Leaflet.markercluster is enabled with its default options.)
  • If the value is true (default for queries without map layers), Leaflet.markercluster is enabled with a special set of options that doesn’t cluster any nearby map markers (it only “spiderfies” markers with exactly identical coordinates) and attempts to replicate the default map look as much as possible.
  • If the value is false (default for queries with map layers), Leaflet.markercluster is not enabled.

Line, Bar, Scatter and Area Chart

Zeigt einen dieser Diagrammtypen.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Number

Label

DateTime

X-Axis

Y-Axis

First will be X-axis, second Y-axis
* Label Category / Legend Item (optional) Will only be used after the above are mapped
* Label Storyboard / Animation (optional) Will only be used after the above are mapped

Bubble Chart

Bubble Chart
Ausprobieren

Shows a bubble chart where the size and the color of the bubble can configured.

When an item is provided a bubble is linked to Wikidata.org.

Variable Datentyp Mapping
* Label Bubble Label
* Number Bubble Size
* Item Bubble Link (optional)
?rgb Color Bubble Color (optional)

Tree Map

Tree Map
Ausprobieren

Shows a zoomable tree map.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Label Label

1st label in a row will be 1st level in tree map.

2nd label will be 2nd level.

3rd label will be 3rd level etc..

* Item Link (optional)
* Quantity Size

Tree

Shows an expandable tree.

Tree Try Out
Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Item Node ID First item will be a root node the following items in the same row will be nested.
* Label Node Label (optional) Labels will be appended to current node.
* Number Node Label (optional)
* Commons Media Item image

Timeline

Timeline
Ausprobieren

Shows a explorable timeline.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* DateTime Item Point in Time

Item End Point in Time

First date in a row sets the item position in the timeline.

If a second date is present a start and end date will be set.

* Commons Media Item image

Options

Option name Type Description
hide One or more variable names (strings, starting with ?), single value or array Don’t show these variables in the result.

Dimensions

Dimensions
Ausprobieren

Shows dimension and their links.

It also allows filtering them by selecting an axis fraction.

This type of graph is also known as parallel coordinates.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Label Dimension Every column in the result row is mapped to a dimension
* Number
* DateTime

Graph

Shows an interactive graph that allow hierarchically ordering and exploring items.

Variable Datentyp Mapping Beschreibung
* Item Node ID First item in a row of output variables will have an arrow pointing to the items in the same row.
* Label Node Label (optional)
* Commons Media Node Image (optional)
?rgb Color Node Color (optional) Color of the item just before the rgb variable. Example 000000 for black color.
* Number Node Size (optional)
?edgeLabel Label Edge Label (optional)

Weitere Informationen

RDF-Datentypen-Mapping

RDF Type RDF Data Type Constraint Data Type
URI String starts with
http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q
Entity
URI String starts with
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath
Commons Media
Literal http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime DateTime
Literal http://www.opengis.net/ont/geosparql#wktLiteral Coordinate
Literal http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#double

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#float

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#decimal

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#integer

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#long

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#int

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#short

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#nonNegativeInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#positiveInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedLong

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedInt

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#unsignedShort

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#nonPositiveInteger

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#negativeInteger

Number
Literal Has no RDF Data Type Label
Literal Has property
xml:lang
Label
Literal String matches
/^[0-9A-F]{6}$/
Farbe

Formatierung

Für die folgenden Datentypen gibt es spezielle Formatierungen:

Datentyp Format
Entity Link zu Wikidata.org

Label is shortened to wd:Qxx

Explore an item (magnify icon)

DateTime MM DD, YYYY

Der Tooltip zeigt die den rohen ISO-Timestamp

Commons Media Link zu Commons.Wikimedia.org

Displaying Gallery ( image icon )

Mobile / Responsive

Result views are made to work on different devices and resolutions. Their appearance may change depending on the space they can use.

Embed Mode

Result views can be linked or embedded via iframes. You can get the regarding link or code by clicking Link in the above menu.

See the difference: link to a query and link to a result or the embed code:

<iframe style="width:80vw; height:50vh;" scrolling="yes" frameborder="0" src="http://tinyurl.com/zwf4k2w">

Ergebnisse herunterladen

Download results buttons

Es gibt verschiedene Möglichkeiten, die Ergebnisse einer Abfrage zu exportieren.

JSON, TSV und CSV sind drei unterschiedliche, offene Standardformate um die Daten herunterzuladen. Sie finden diese optionen unter Download. Um die Daten im XML-Format zu erhalten, klicken sie auf Link > SPARQL endpoint.

You can also download some of the graphic views as a SVG file: this feature works with all the views except table, image grid, timeline, graph builder, map, and graph.

Default View

The default view can be change for each SPARQL query by using a comment:

#defaultView:[NAME]

Zum Beispiel:

#defaultView:ImageGrid

Result view options

Result views can be configured with various options, which are specified in JSON (Q2063) format, either following the defaultView comment (see previous section) or following a separate view comment.

#defaultView:Map{"layer": "?typeLabel"}
#view:ImageGrid{"hide": "?coords"}

Title

Result views can show a title. The title can be set via a title comment.

#title:A title of your choice

List of WDQS tags

WDQS tag Display options Notes
#defaultView:Table Table default format when omitted
#defaultView:ImageGrid Image grid
Graph builder access to the graph builder tool
#defaultView:Map Map
#defaultView:LineChart Line chart
#defaultView:BarChart Bar chart
#defaultView:ScatterChart Scatter chart
#defaultView:AreaChart Area chart
#defaultView:BubbleChart Bubble chart
#defaultView:TreeMap Tree map
#defaultView:Tree Tree
#defaultView:Timeline Timeline
#defaultView:Dimensions Dimensions
#defaultView:Graph Graph
#title: title of the WDQS results frame
#view: equivalent to prefix #defaultView:

Auto language

When using the magic keyword [AUTO_LANGUAGE] it is replaced by the users language when submitting the query. This allows writing a query with where the result is displayed in the users language.

Beispiel:

#<span lang="en" dir="ltr" class="mw-content-ltr">Use language of the user for display labels and fallback to english as default</span>
SERVICE wikibase:label {
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en" .
}

Auto coordinates

When using the magic keyword [AUTO_COORDINATES] it is replaced by the users location when submitting the query. This allows writing a query with the users' location.

Beispiel:

  SERVICE wikibase:around {
    ?place wdt:P625 ?coordinate_location.
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:center "[AUTO_COORDINATES]".
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:radius "1".
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:distance ?dist.
  }