Wikidata:List of properties/Person

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See also: Wikidata:WikiProject Infoboxes/persons


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
sex or gender P21 Item sex and gender: Sexual identity of subject. Main: male (Q6581097), female (Q6581072), transgender female (Q1052281), transgender male (Q2449503). For animals, use male animal (Q44148), female animal (Q43445). For groups of same gender, use "subclass of" (P279) Confucius <sex or gender> male -
date of birth P569 Point in time date of birth: date on which the subject was born Jean-François Champollion <date of birth> 1790-12-23 -
place of birth P19 Item place of birth: the most specific known (e.g. city instead of country, or hospital instead of city) Marie Curie <place of birth> Warsaw -
birth name P1477 Monolingual text name at birth: full name of a person at birth, if different from their current, generally used name (samples: John Peter Doe for Joe Doe, Ann Smith for Ann Miller) John Paul II <birth name> Karol Józef Wojtyła (Polish) -
date of death P570 Point in time date of death: date on which the subject died Jean-François Champollion <date of death> 1832-03-04 -
place of death P20 Item place of death: the most specific known (e.g. city instead of country, or hospital instead of city) John F. Kennedy <place of death> Dallas -
cause of death P509 Item cause of death: underlying or immediate cause of death. Underlying cause (e.g. car accident, stomach cancer) preferred. Use 'manner of death' (P1196) for broadest category, e.g. natural causes, accident, homicide, suicide Theodore Roosevelt <cause of death> coronary thrombosis -
manner of death P1196 Item manner of death: circumstances of a person's death; one of: natural causes, accident, suicide, homicide, pending investigation or special 'unknown value'. Use 'cause of death' (P509) for more immediate or underlying causes and events, e.g. heart attack, car accident Paul Walker <manner of death> accident -
killed by P157 Item human: person who killed the subject John F. Kennedy <killed by> Lee Harvey Oswald -
place of burial P119 Item burial and grave: location of grave, resting place, place of ash-scattering, etc, (e.g. town/city or cemetery) for a person. There may be several places: e.g. re-burials, cenotaphs, parts of body buried separately. John F. Kennedy <place of burial> Arlington National Cemetery -
image of grave P1442 Commons media file picture of a person or animal's grave, gravestone or tomb Lucas Cranach the Elder <image of grave> Cranach der Ältere Grab.jpg -
name in native language P1559 Monolingual text name: name of a person in their native language Amakusa Shirō <name in native language> 天草 四郎 (Japanese) -
ancestral home P66 Item ancestral home: place of origin for ancestors of subject Hu Shih <ancestral home> Jixi County -
member of P463 Item member: part of a specific organization or club. Do not use for membership in ethnic or social groups, nor for holding a position such as a member of parliament (use P39 for that). Isaac Newton <member of> Royal Society -
ethnic group P172 Item ethnic group and nationality: subject's ethnicity (consensus is that a VERY high standard of proof is needed for this field to be used. In general this means 1) the subject claims it him/herself, or 2) it is widely agreed on by scholars, or 3) is fictional and portrayed as such). Hosni Mubarak <ethnic group> Arab -
native language P103 Item first language: language that a person learned natively Usievalad Ihnatouski <native language> Belarusian -
country of citizenship P27 Item citizenship: the object is a country that recognizes the subject as its citizen Nelson Mandela <country of citizenship> South Africa -
educated at P69 Item educational institution: educational institution attended by the subject Abraham Klein <educated at> Harvard University -
occupation P106 Item occupation: occupation of a person; see also "field of work" (Property:P101) Abraham Klein <occupation> physicist -
field of work P101 Item fields of work related to this item (physics, history). For occupation like physicist, historian see P106. Note: Can be used in any item, including person Abraham Klein <field of work> quantum field theory -
notable work P800 Item work and magnum opus: subject's notable scientific work or work of art Émile Zola <notable work> Germinal -
employer P108 Item employer: organization for which the subject works or worked Enrico Fermi <employer> University of Chicago -
award received P166 Item award: award or recognition received by a person, organisation or creative work Liu Xiaobo <award received> 2010 Nobel Peace Prize -
position held P39 Item mandate: subject currently or formerly holds the object position or public office Angela Merkel <position held> Chancellor of Germany -
member of political party P102 Item political party: the political party of which this politician is or has been a member Angela Merkel <member of political party> Christian Democratic Union -
official residence P263 Item the residence at which heads of government and other senior figures officially reside Prime Minister of Canada <official residence> 24 Sussex Drive -
religion P140 Item religion of a person or organization (MUST be claimed by the subject or documented by historical sources) Elizabeth II <religion> Church of England -
sexual orientation P91 Item sexual orientation: the sexual orientation of the person - use IF AND ONLY IF they have stated it themselves, unambiguously, or it has been widely agreed upon by historians after their death Alan Turing <sexual orientation> homosexuality -
coat of arms image P94 Commons media file coat of arms: image of the item's coat of arms Phillipe de Plessis <coat of arms image> Armoiries Philippe du Plaissis.svg -
coat of arms P237 Item coat of arms: subject's coat of arms George Washington <coat of arms> Coat of arms of George Washington -
signature P109 Commons media file signature: image of a person's signature Leo Tolstoy <signature> Leo Tolstoy signature.svg -
doctoral advisor P184 Item doctoral advisor: person who supervised the doctorate or PhD thesis of the subject Enrico Fermi <doctoral advisor> Luigi Puccianti doctoral student
doctoral student P185 Item doctoral student(s) of a professor Enrico Fermi <doctoral student> Tsung-Dao Lee doctoral advisor
student of P1066 Item teacher: person who has taught this person Alexander the Great <student of> Aristotle student
student P802 Item student: notable student(s) of a person Albert Einstein <student> Ernst G. Straus student of
canonization status P411 Item canonization status: stage in the process of attaining sainthood per the subject's religious organization. John Paul II <canonization status> beatification -
voice type P412 Item voice type: person's voice type. expected values: soprano, mezzo-soprano, contralto, countertenor, tenor, baritone, bass (and derivatives) Cesare Valletti <voice type> tenor -
shooting handedness P423 Item whether the hockey player passes oŗ shoots left- or right-handed Joe Thornton <shooting handedness> left-handed shot -
astronaut mission P450 Item spaceflight: space mission that the subject is or has been a member of (do not include future missions) Marcos Pontes <astronaut mission> Soyuz TMA-8 crew member
dan/kyu rank P468 Item rank system used in several board games (e.g. go, shogi, renju), martial arts (e.g. judo, kendo, wushu) and some other games Go Seigen <dan/kyu rank> 9 dan -
Eight Banner register P470 Item Manchu household register for people of the Qing Dynasty Oboi <Eight Banner register> Manchu Bordered Yellow Banner -
noble family P53 Item noble family: include dynasty and nobility houses Genghis Khan <noble family> Borjigin -
noble title P97 Item royal or noble rank: titles held by the person William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst <noble title> Baron Sandhurst -
honorific prefix P511 Item word or expression used before a name, in addressing or referring to a person Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig <honorific prefix> The Right Honourable -
academic degree P512 Item academic degree: academic degree that the person holds Paul Krugman <academic degree> Doctor of Philosophy -
handedness P552 Item handedness of the person -
website account on P553 Item a website that the person or organization has an account on (use with P554) Note: only used with reliable source or if the person or organization disclosed it. -
honorific suffix P1035 Item word or expression with connotations conveying esteem or respect when used, after a name, in addressing or referring to a person -
family name P734 Item family name: surname or last name of a person George Washington <family name> Washington -
given name P735 Item given name: first name or another given name of this person. Values used with the property shouldn't link disambiguations nor family names. George Washington <given name> George -
pseudonym P742 String pseudonym: alias used by someone or by which this person is universally known Mark Twain <pseudonym> Mark Twain -
feast day P841 Item saint's principal feast day Saint Patrick <feast day> March 17 -
audio recording of the subject's spoken voice P990 Commons media file audio file representing the speaking voice of a person; or of an animated cartoon or other fictitious character Mary Robinson <audio recording of the subject's spoken voice> Mary Robinson - Desert Island Discs - 28 July 2013.flac -
manager/director P1037 Item person who manages any kind of group Louvre <manager/director> Jean-Luc Martinez -
filmography P1283 Item filmography: list of films a person has contributed to Bruce Lee <filmography> Bruce Lee filmography -
instrument P1303 Item musical instrument: instrument that a person plays Ringo Starr <instrument> drum -
eye color P1340 Item eye color: color of the irises of a person's eyes -
participant of P1344 Item event a person or an organization was a participant in, inverse of P710 or P1923 Alberto Tomba <participant of> 1992 Winter Olympics participant and participating team
convicted of P1399 Item crime a person was convicted of -
languages spoken or written P1412 Item language(s) that a person speaks or writes. Can include native languages -
affiliation P1416 Item organization that a person is affiliated with Raoul Bott <affiliation> Institute for Advanced Study -
pet P1429 Item pet: pet that a person owns Barack Obama <pet> Bo -
Commons Creator page P1472 String name of the person's creator page on Wikimedia Commons (without the prefix "Creator") Augustus Henry Fox <Commons Creator page> Augustus Henry Fox -
Project Gutenberg author ID P1938 String Project Gutenberg: author identifier at Project Gutenberg David Christie Murray <Project Gutenberg author ID> 25179 -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
father P22 Item father: male parent Elizabeth II <father> George VI 40
mother P25 Item mother: female parent Elizabeth II <mother> Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother 40
brother P7 Item brother: subject has the object as their brother Andy Murray <brother> Jamie Murray 7 / 9
sister P9 Item sister: subject has the object as their sister (female sibling) Elizabeth II <sister> Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon 7 / 9
spouse P26 Item spouse: the subject has the object as their spouse (husband, wife, partner, etc.). Use "cohabitant" for non-married companions Elizabeth II <spouse> Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 26
partner P451 Item someone with whom the person is in a relationship without being married. Use "spouse" for married couples. 451
child P40 Item child: subject has the object as their biological offspring Elizabeth II <child> Charles, Prince of Wales father and mother
stepfather P43 Item stepfather: husband of the subject's mother, who is not the subject's biological father Bill Clinton <stepfather> Roger Clinton, Sr. 40
stepmother P44 Item stepmother: wife of the subject's father, who is not the subject's biological mother 40
relative P1038 Item kinship: family member (qualify with "type of kinship", P1039; for direct family member please use specific property) -
godparent P1290 Item godparent: person who is the godparent of a given person Queen Victoria <godparent> Alexander I of Russia -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
Dictionary of Art Historians P2332 String Dictionary of Art Historians: entry in the Dictionary of Art Historians Aby Warburg <Dictionary of Art Historians> warburga -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
member of sports team P54 Item sports team: sports teams or clubs that the subject currently represents or formerly represented Lionel Messi <member of sports team> FC Barcelona -
position played on team / speciality P413 Item position: position or specialism of a player on a team, e.g. Small Forward Joe Thornton <position played on team / speciality> centre -
doubles record P555 String win/lose balance for a player in doubles tournaments -
singles record P564 String win/lose balance for a player in singles tournaments -
ranking P1352 Number person's or team's ranking in a sport event -
country for sport P1532 Item country a person represents when playing a sport -
Swedish Olympic Committee athlete ID P2323 String Swedish Olympic Committee: entry in the bibliographic database of the Swedish Olympic Committee Anna Lindberg <Swedish Olympic Committee athlete ID> a/anna-lindberg -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
IMDb identifier P345 String Internet Movie Database: identifier from the Internet Movie Database (IMDb) with prefix (tt-, nm-, ch-, co-, ev-) Charlie Chaplin <IMDb identifier> nm0000122 -
AlloCiné person ID P1266 String AlloCiné: identifier for a person on the AlloCiné film database Juliette Binoche <AlloCiné person ID> 1002 -
KMDb person ID P1649 String Korean Movie Database: identifier for a person on the Korean Movie Database (KMDb) Kim Hee-sun <KMDb person ID> 00011219 -
MovieMeter director ID P1969 String MovieMeter: identifier for a person on the MovieMeter film database Paul Verhoeven <MovieMeter director ID> 10028 -
AllMovie artist ID P2019 String AllMovie: identifier for a person on the AllMovie film database Marilyn Monroe <AllMovie artist ID> p50065 -
SFDb person ID P2168 String Swedish Film Database: identifier for a person on the Swedish Film Database (SFDb) Ingmar Bergman <SFDb person ID> 61807 -


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
military branch P241 Item military branch: the branch to which this military unit, award, or person belongs, e.g. Royal Navy William Henry Allen <military branch> United States Navy -
military rank P410 Item military rank: military rank achieved by a person (should usually have a "start date" qualifier) Guillaume-Henri Dufour <military rank> general -
commander of P598 Item for persons who are notable as commanding officers, the units they commanded Raoul Salan <commander of> French Far East Expeditionary Corps -
conflict P607 Item war and battle: battles, wars or engagements in which the person or item participated Louis-Gaston de Sonis <conflict> Battle of Loigny-Poupry -