Wikidata:WikiProject Infoboxes/places

From Wikidata
Jump to navigation Jump to search

WikiProject
Infoboxes

 

Persons /
Personen /
Personnes

 

Organizations /
Organisationen /
Organisations

 

Events /
Veranstaltungen /
Évènements

 

Works /
Werke /
Œuvres

 

Terms /
Sachbegriffe /
Termes

 

Places /
Geografika /
Lieux

centered

Properties for places

Geographical features can be natural or artificial geographical features. The natural geographical features include landforms waterbodies and ecosystems. The artificial geographical features include human settlements, engineered constructs, and also territorial organizations.

For further details on the properties, see

Main type of item: geographical object (Q618123)

Main type[edit]

Place (place as an entity, incl. extraterrestrika, fictional places etc.): item missing

Place / Geografikum / Lieu[edit]

Geographical feature

Ein geographisches Objekt (alias Geografikum) bezeichnet in der Geographie eine früher oder heute tatsächlich vorhandene Lokalität, welche mittels Geodaten eindeutig referenzierbar ist.

Info boxes / Infoboxen / Infoboxes[edit]

Die hier aufgeführten Eigenschaften eines geografischen Objekts eignen sich, um Werte für die nachfolgenden Infoboxen zu liefern:

en:Template:Geobox

Anmerkung
Typischerweise entsprechen Gegenstände nicht direkt dem Typ "Geografikum" sondern einem der Untertypen (subclass-of). Dieses Untertypen definieren jeweils zusätzliche Eigenschaften und sind auch spezielleren Infoboxen zugeordnet.
Properties / Eigenschaften / Propriétés[edit]
Property /

Eigenschaft /
Propriété

Datatype /

Datentyp /
Types

Description /

Beschreibung /
Description

References /

Einzelnachweise /
Référence

Data sources /

Datenquellen /
Source de données

Location /
Standort /
Position
GeoCoordinateValue Geographical location including latitude, longitude, elevation, globe and precision /

Standort einschließlich Längengrad, Breitengrad, Höhe, Himmelskörper und Genauigkeit

[Place 1][Place 2][Place 3]
Diameter /
Durchmesser /
Diamètre
QuantityValue Maximal extent of the place as diameter of a surrounding circle /

Größte Ausdehnung des Geografikums als Durchmesser eines umschließenden Kreises

en:Template:Coord:dim[Place 1] /

de:Vorlage:Coordinate:dim[Place 2]

Region /
Region /
Région
StringValue An en:ISO 3166-2 region code /

Regions-Code(s) nach de:ISO 3166-2

en:Template:Coord:region[Place 1] /

de:Vorlage:Coordinate:region[Place 2] /
fr:Modèle:Coord:Region[Place 3]


See also / Siehe auch / Voir aussi[edit]

de:Kategorie:Geographisches Objekt / fr:Catégorie:Lieu géographique
en:Template:Coord / de:Vorlage:Coordinate / fr:Modèle:Coord
mw:Extension:GeoData

References / Einzelnachweise / Références[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 en:Template:Coord/doc
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 de:Vorlage:Coordinate/Doku
  3. 3.0 3.1 fr:Modèle:GeoTemplate/Utilisation

Country / Staat / Pays[edit]

Example: San Francisco
Geographical feature
UML Open arrow up.svg
Country
Info boxes / Infoboxen / Infoboxes[edit]

Die hier und in den übergeordneten Typen aufgeführten Eigenschaften eines Staates eignen sich, um Werte für die nachfolgenden Infoboxen zu liefern:

en:Template:Infobox country / de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat / fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays

Parameters[edit]

These are the parameter names of the Infobox country, mapped to corresponding Wikidata properties (existing today) using Wikidata inclusion syntax:

{{Infobox country
|conventional_long_name = 
|native_name =        
|common_name =        
|image_flag =         {{#property:flag image}}
|alt_flag =           
|image_flag2 =        
|alt_flag2 =          
|image_coat =         {{#property:coat of arms image}}
|alt_coat =           
|symbol_type =        
|national_motto =     
|national_anthem =    {{#property:anthem}}<br />{{#property:anthem recording}}
|royal_anthem =      
|other_symbol_type =  
|other_symbol =
|image_map =          
|alt_map =            
|map_caption =        
|image_map2 =         
|alt_map2 =           
|map_caption2 =       
|capital =            {{#property:capital}}         
|latd= | latm= | latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW= 
|largest_city =       
|largest_settlement_type = 
|largest_settlement = 
|official_languages = {{#property:official language}}
|national_languages = 
|regional_languages = 
|languages_type =     
|languages =          
|languages_sub =      
|languages2_type =    
|languages2 =         
|languages2_sub =     
|ethnic_groups =      
|ethnic_groups_year = 
|demonym =            {{#property:demonym}}
|government_type =    
|leader_title1 =      
|leader_name1 =       {{#property:head of state}}
|leader_title2 =      
|leader_name2 =       {{#property:head of national government}}
|legislature =        
|upper_house =        
|lower_house =        
|sovereignty_type =   
|sovereignty_note = 
|established_event1 = 
|established_date1 =  
|established_event2 = 
|established_date2 =  
|area_rank = 
|area_magnitude = 
|area =               
|area_km2 =           
|area_sq_mi =         
|area_footnote =      
|percent_water = 
|area_label =         
|area_label2 =        
|area_data2 =         
|population_estimate = 
|population_estimate_rank = 
|population_estimate_year = 
|population_census = 
|population_census_year = 
|population_density_km2 = 
|population_density_sq_mi = 
|population_density_rank = 
|GDP_PPP =                     
|GDP_PPP_rank = 
|GDP_PPP_year = 
|GDP_PPP_per_capita = 
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 
|GDP_nominal = 
|GDP_nominal_rank = 
|GDP_nominal_year = 
|GDP_nominal_per_capita = 
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 
|Gini =                        
|Gini_ref =                    
|Gini_rank = 
|Gini_year = 
|HDI =                         
|HDI_ref =                     
|HDI_rank = 
|HDI_year = 
|currency =           {{#property:currency}}
|currency_code =      
|time_zone =          
|utc_offset =         
|time_zone_DST =      
|utc_offset_DST =     
|DST_note =           
|antipodes =          
|date_format =        
|drives_on =          
|cctld =              {{#property:top-level domain}}
|calling_code =       
|image_map3 =         
|alt_map3 =           
|footnote_a =         
|footnote_b =         
|footnotes =          
}}
Other properties[edit]

The following properites can not be mapped to the above infobox parameters:

  • continent
  • shares border with
  • is a (e.g. sovereign state)
  • anthem recording
Suggestion for properties[edit]
Property /

Eigenschaft /
Propriété

Datatype /

Datentyp /
Types

Description /

Beschreibung /
Description

References /

Einzelnachweise /
Référence

Data sources /

Datenquellen /
Source de données

Image coat of arms /
Bild Wappen /
Image blason
MediaValue en:Template:Infobox country:image_coat[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:BILD-WAPPEN[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:image_blason[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Image flag /
Bild Flagge /
Image drapeau
MediaValue en:Template:Infobox country:image_flag[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:BILD-FLAGGE[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:image_drapeau[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Anthem /
Nationalhymne /
Hymne national
Item en:Template:Infobox country:national_anthem[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:NATIONALHYMNE[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:hymne_national[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
National motto /
Wahlspruch /
Devise
MultilingualTextValue en:Template:Infobox country:national_motto[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:WAHLSPRUCH[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:devise[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Capital /
Hauptstadt /
Capitale
Item en:Template:Infobox country:capital[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:HAUPTSTADT[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:capitale[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Area /
Fläche /
Superficie
QuantityValue en:Template:Infobox country:area[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:FLÄCHE[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:superficie_totale[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Population /
Einwohner /
Population
QuantityValue en:Template:Infobox country:population_estimate[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:EINWOHNER[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:population_totale[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Currency /
Währung /
Monnaie
Item en:Template:Infobox country:currency[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:WÄHRUNG[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:monnaie[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Formation /
Gründung /
Date formation
TimeValue en:Template:Infobox country:established_date1[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:GRÜNDUNG[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:date_formation[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
International vehicle registration code /
KFZ-Kennzeichen /
Code internationaux de la plaque minéralogique
StringValue de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:KFZ-KENNZEICHEN[Country 2] 
ISO 3166-1 code /
ISO-3166-1-Code /
Code ISO 3166-1
StringValue en:Template:Infobox country:iso3166code[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:ISO 3166[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:Code ISO 3166-1[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Internet TLD /
Internet-TLD /
Domaine internet
StringValue en:Template:Infobox country:cctld[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:INTERNET-TLD[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:domaine_internet[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
Calling code /
Telefon-Vorwahl /
Indicatif téléphonique
StringValue en:Template:Infobox country:calling_code[Country 1] /

de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat:TELEFON-VORWAHL[Country 2] /
fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays:indicatif_téléphonique[Country 3]

CIA World Factbook[Country 4]
See also / Siehe auch / Voir aussi[edit]

en:Category:Countries / de:Kategorie:Staat / fr:Catégorie:Pays
de:Wikipedia:Formatvorlage Staat /

References / Einzelnachweise / Références[edit]
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 en:Template:Infobox country/doc
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 de:Vorlage:Infobox Staat/Doku
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 fr:Modèle:Infobox Pays/Utilisation
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 Central Intelligence Agency: The World Factbook

Settlements and administrative divisions[edit]

Settlements and administrative divisions may be counties, provinces, municipalities, cities, rural areas, civil parishes, townships, etc. See the ontology below for types of administrative divisions.

Commonly used infoboxes are en:template:Infobox settlement and en:template:Geobox.

Infobox settlement[edit]

Example of common parameters and simplified inclusion syntax for en:template:Infobox settlement, using Property:P31 "is a(n)" and Property:P131 "is in":

{{Infobox settlement
| name                    = 
| image_caption           = 
| image_shield            = 
| shield_size             = 120px
| motto                   = 
| image_map               = 
| map_alt                 = 
| map_caption             =
| latd  =  |latm  =  |lats  =  |latNS  = 
| longd =  |longm =  |longs =  |longEW = 
| coor_pinpoint           = 
| coordinates_type        = 
| coordinates_display     = inline,title
| coordinates_footnotes   = 
| subdivision_type        = Country
| subdivision_name        = {{#property:country}}
| subdivision_name1       = {{#property:is in}}  
| subdivision_type1       = {{#property:is a(n)|of={{#property:is in}}}}
| subdivision_name2       = {{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in}}}}}  
| subdivision_type2       = {{#property:is a(n)|of={{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in}}}}}}}
| subdivision_name3       = {{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in}}}}}}}}  
| subdivision_type3       = {{#property:is a(n)|of={{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in|of={{#property:is in}}}}}}}}}}
| unit_pref               = 
| area_footnotes          = 
| area_total_km2          = 
| area_land_km2           = 
| area_water_km2          = 
| area_water_percent      = 
| area_note               =
| population_footnotes    = 
| population_total        = 
| population_as_of        = 
| population_density_km2  = 
| population_demonym      = 
| population_note         = 
| timezone1               = ]
| utc_offset1             = 
| timezone1_DST           = 
| utc_offset1_DST         = 
| postal_code_type        = 
| postal_code             = 
| area_code_type          = 
| area_code               = 
| demographics_type1      = Ethnicity
| demographics1_title1    = Language
| demographics1_info1     = 
| demographics_type2      = 
| demographics2_title2    = 
| demographics2_info2     = 
| demographics2_title3    = 
| demographics2_info3     = 
| demographics2_title4    = 
| demographics2_info4     = 
| demographics2_title5    = 
| demographics2_info5     = 
| website                 = 
| footnotes               = 
}}

Mountain / Berg / Montagne[edit]

Geographical feature
UML Open arrow up.svg
Mountain
Info boxes / Infoboxen / Infoboxes[edit]

Die hier und in den übergeordneten Typen aufgeführten Eigenschaften eines Berges eignen sich, um Werte für die nachfolgenden Infoboxen zu liefern:

en:Template:Infobox mountain / de:Vorlage:Infobox Berg / fr:Modèle:Infobox Montagne

River / Fluss / Rivière[edit]

Geographical feature
UML Open arrow up.svg
Body of water
UML Open arrow up.svg
Water Course
UML Open arrow up.svg
River
Info boxes / Infoboxen / Infoboxes[edit]

Die hier und in den übergeordneten Typen aufgeführten Eigenschaften eines Flusses eignen sich, um Werte für die nachfolgenden Infoboxen zu liefern:

en:Template:Infobox river / de:Vorlage:Infobox Fluss / fr:Modèle:Infobox Cours d'eau

Lake / See / Lac[edit]

Geographical feature
UML Open arrow up.svg
Body of water
UML Open arrow up.svg
Lake


Info boxes / Infoboxen / Infoboxes[edit]

en:Template:Infobox lake / de:Vorlage:Infobox See / fr:Modèle:Infobox Lac / sv:Mall:Insjöfakta Sverige

Building / Gebäude / Construction[edit]

  • Monument / Denkmal /Monument
  • Station / Bahnhof /Gare
  • Religious building / Religiöses Gebäude / Construction religueuse
  • State building / Öffentliches Gebäude / Monument administratif
  • Castle / Schloss / Chateau
  • Museum / Museum / Musée

Additional places / Weitere Geographika / Autres lieux[edit]

Mockup for phase 2 (City)

Typen aus dewiki/enwiki:

mögliche Werte
type=country für Länder
type=state für andere Staatengebilde, nicht-souveräne Staaten …
type=adm1st für Bundesländer, Kantone …
type=adm2nd für Landkreise, Verwaltungsgemeinden (Samtgemeinden) …
type=city für Städte und Stadtteile, Orte und Orts-Gemeinden
type=isle für Inseln, Inselgruppen
type=airport für Flughäfen, Luftwaffenstützpunkte …
type=mountain für Berge, Hügel, Gebirgsketten, Pässe
type=waterbody für Flüsse, Seen, Gletscher, Kanäle, Wasserfälle, Geysire …
type=river rivers
type=glacier glaciers
type=pass mountain passes
type=railwaystation train station, railroad station
type=forest für Waldgebiete (wird in der deutschsprachigen WP nicht verwendet)
type=landmark für Sehenswürdigkeiten, Landmarken, Gebäude und alles andere was nicht oben rein passt.
type=event für Ereignisse (wird in der deutschsprachigen WP nicht verwendet)
type=example nur für interne Beispielzwecke (nicht im Artikelnamensraum)

Weitere Typen aus enwiki, frwiki und mw:Extension:GeoData: satellite, adm3rd, edu, pass, camera

Weitere Infoboxen: de:Vorlage:Infobox Gemeinde in Deutschland

Astronomy / Astronomie / Astronomie[edit]

Please join the Wikidata:WikiProject Astronomy/Properties to discuss about properties related to astronomic objects or Wikidata:WikiProject Astronomy for general discussion.

Ontology[edit]

Wikipedia Geohack[edit]

The Wikipedia coord geopositioning template, and the Geohack tool, adds Geospatial metadata indicating the following types of coordinates, which affects what scale the coordinates are visible on at various maps:

  • country, satellite
  • state
  • adm1st
  • adm2nd (default)
  • adm3rd, city, mountain, isle, river, waterbody
  • event, forest, glacier 1
  • airport
  • camera, edu, pass, landmark, railwaystation

dbPedia[edit]

See http://mappings.dbpedia.org/server/ontology/classes/#Place .

GeoNames[edit]

The GeoNames database is an open content database, naming over 8.2 million geographical places and features (February 2013). The project links the names to 645 features classes, each assigned a certain feature code and description, where some of the most common classes are:[1]

  • Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
    • A.ADM5 fifth-order administrative division
    • A.ADM4 fourth-order administrative division (See enwp category)
    • A.ADM3 third-order administrative division (See enwp category)
    • A.ADM2 second-order administrative division (See enwp category)
    • A.ADM1 first-order administrative division, such as a state in the United States. (See enwp category.)
    • A.ADMD administrative division
  • Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
  • Area Features (parks,area, ...)
  • Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
    • P.PPL Populated place (city, town, village)
    • P.PPLL populated locality
    • P.PPLX section of populated place
    • P.PPLQ abandoned populated place
    • P.PPLA3 seat of a third-order administrative division
  • Road / Railroad Features
  • Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
  • Hypsographic Features (mountain, hill, rock,... )
  • Undersea Features (undersea)
  • Vegetation Features (forest, heath,...)

The GeoNames project has developed an ontology where the names are interlinked by the following relations and other properties:[2]

  • Children, Contains or Subdivisions
  • Neighbours
  • Nearby

GND[edit]

The GND ontology provides the following sub-classes of the "place or geographic name" domain:[3]

  • Administrative unit
  • Building or memorial
  • Country
  • Extraterrestrial territory
  • Fictive place
  • Member state
  • Name of small geographic unit lying within another geographic unit
  • Natural geographic unit
  • Place or geographic name
  • Religious territory
  • Territorial corporate body or administrative unit
  • Way, border or line

OpenStreetMap[edit]

OpenStreetMap has a very complex key-value system to handle ontology:

Each feature has translations for descriptions, a photo and an icon. It has also an information if this feature is for a point, a line or an area.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. GenoNames Feature classes and Codes with statistics, access date 2013-02-18.
  2. Geonames ontology, 2012 November, Version 3.1
  3. http://d-nb.info/standards/elementset/gnd#marc21equivalent GND ontology]

See also[edit]