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Wikidata: Glossario

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Glossary and the translation is 14% complete.

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Elements of a statement

Wikidata es un base de cognoscentia que omnes pote rediger. Ante que tu initia es un bon idea familiarisar se con le Glossario de Wikidata. Per iste via, le redactores pote "parlar le mesme lingua". Nos spera que isto adjutara a meliorar le discussiones e le communicationes inter le redactores.

Alias (alsi alsi note como) es un nomine alternative pro un articulo o un proprietate. Le nomine usual o plus importante es le label. Le aliases adjuta le gente a trovar un elemento mesmo si illes non cerca con un label. Per exemplo, le item Q2 ha le label “Terra” e aliases tal como “Tellus” e “Planeta Blau”.
• Badges es un sorta de marcator attaccate a un sitelink, le qual poterea identificar, per exemplo, que le articulo es un "articulo characteristic" sur un site specific. Illos non describe le entitate externe sed le pagina sur le sito specific.
Claim is a piece of data about the entity on whose page the claim appears. A claim consists of a property (such as location (P276)) and either a value (e.g., Germany (Q183)) or one of the special cases "no value" and "unknown value". A claim can have qualifiers, such as temporal qualifiers saying that the claim is valid within a specific time frame. Compared to triples in the RDF data model, a claim uses a property to express the predicate of a triplet and a value to express the object of a triplet. Claims form part of statements on item pages, where they can be augmented with references and ranks; they can also occur on non-item data pages.
Constraint is a rule how a particular property should be used. For instance most identifiers should have only one value, so there is a single value constraint on them.
Datatype (data value type or value type) is the kind of data values that may be assigned to a property, and specifies how the data values are stored in each claim. Each property is assigned a pre-defined datatype. Not all values can be linked, as long as there are certain datatypes missing. The development of new datatypes is still in progress. See also Special:ListDatatypes for currently available datatypes.
Help:Data type
Description is a language-specific descriptive phrase for an item, property or query. It provides context for the label (for example, there are many items about places with the label "Cambridge"). The description therefore does not need to be unique, neither within a language or Wikidata in general, but it must be unique together with the label. Uniqueness for a combination of a label and a description is a hard constraint. If your contribution does not meet this requirement you cannot save the change.

• Entitate (in le messages de interfacie del usator de Wikidata nominate alicun vices data set) es le datos contente in un pagina de Wikidata, que pote esser sia un elemento (in le spatio del nomines principal), o un proprietate (in le spatio del nomines del proprietates), sia un requesta (in le spatio del nomines del requestas). Cata entitate es identificate univocamente per un ID de identitate, le qual es un numero con un prefixo, per exemplo initiante per Q e P pro le proprietate. Un entitate es identificate alsi per un combination unic de etiquetta e description in cata lingua. Le entitate pote esser etiam assignate un gruppo de aliases alternative multilingual. Cata entitate ha etiam un URI dereferentiabile que seque le modello con le ID ID de identitate.

External identifier Some properties have values that are strings used in the databases of external organisations. They uniquely identify an item. For example, an ISBN for a book or the unique part of the URL of a movie or an actor in the Internet Movie Database.

• Elemento (in alcun linguas rendite in parolas pro subjecto, objecto o elemento in le interface del usator) es un pagina in le spatio del nomines principal de Wikidata, que representa un topic concepto o subjecto del vita-real. Le elementos es identificate per un ID con un prefixo, o per un ID con un prefixo, o per un Ligamine a sitos a un pagina externe, o per un combination unic de etiquetta e description multilingual. Le elementos pote alsi haber aliases pro facilitar le lookup. Le principal parte de datos de un elemento es le lista del declarationes re le elemento. Un elemento pote esser viste como le parte subjecto de un tripletto in le datos ligate.

Label (also name) is the main name given to identify an entity (i.e. an item or a property). E.g.: the item with the item identifier Q7378 has the English label “elephant”. Every entity has exactly one label in a given human language. Labels do not need to be unique. Descriptions and aliases are used to distinguish between entities with the same label. Wikidata pages do not have labels, but titles.
Language attributes are the language-specific labels, aliases and descriptions that are assigned to items, properties and queries. These are human-readable text to improve understanding of the scope of the item; for example the specific type of real world entity. If they are missing some of them can be replaced by strings from alternate languages, following the language fallback chains.
Language fallbacks (also language chains) are methods to systematically replace missing language attributes with strings from alternate languages. The exact replacement rules can be chosen depending on the type of page, whether the user is logged in, or the user preferred languages.

• Spatio principal Isto es le spatio de nomine ubi omne le elementos es locate. Illo es distinguite per su absentia de un prefixo.

MediaWiki es le software sur le qual es basate omne le projectos Wikimedia. Pois que le software es libere, il ha milles de installationes per differente entitates; vide Cosa es MediaWiki pro plus.

Metapaginas Iste es tote le paginas que non es entitates, i.e. non pertinente al spatios de nomines del datos. Le metapaginas de Wikidata contine contento non structurate representate per un codice MediaWiki conventional, e possibilemente etiam futur codices de Wikidata de inclusion al latere de clientes. Examplos es le paginas de desription, le paginas de categoria, le paginas de projecto (in le spatio de nomine de Wikidata) e le paginas de adjuta (in le spatio de nomine del adjuta). Le metapaginas comprende etiam le contento e le datos generate automaticamente per le software MediaWiki (per exemplo, le historia del modificationes de un pagina, o le paginas special).

• Spatio de nomines - Spatio de nomines de Mediawiki namespace (Q18889113) ( A division physic del paginas in MediaWiki pro gruppar illas in accordo al uso general o qualque comportamento adjunctive. Exemplos es le spatios de nomines pro le categorias, le files, le usatores, e in le caso de Wikidata, le tres spatios de nomines del datos: le elementos (in le spatio de nomines principal), le proprietates e le recercas. Vide le lista del spatios de nomines.


• Pagina Un pagina web interne o externe con un titulo unic, per exemplo un articulo in le spatio de nomine principal de Wikipedia o un elemento in le spatio de nomine principal de Wikipedia. In Wikidata, le termino "pagina" pote referer se a un elemento o proprietate pagina in le spatios de nomines del datos, un meta pagina in altere spatios de nomines o un pagina ligate externe sur Wikipedia o altere sitosw de Wikimedia o un a;tere sito externe, referite per un ligamine a sitos. Le paginas in le spatio de nomines principal de Wikidata se refere al elementos, e un pagina pote continer sol un elemento.

Project is a term often used in the Wikimedia movement. In most cases, people mean a Wikimedia Wiki. So in Wikidata, the term usually refers to Wikidata itself.

• Proprietate (rendite in alcun linguas a attributo) es le descriptor pro un valor de dato, o un altere relation o composite o possibilemente mancante valor, sed non le mesme valor del datos o valor. Cata declaration verso un pagina de un elemento liga a un proprietate, e assigna al proprietate uno o plus valores, o qualque altere relation o composite o possibilemente mancante valor. Le Proprietate es immagazinate sur un pagina in le Spatio del nomines del Proprietate, e include un declaration del Typo de dato pro le Valores del proprietates. Comparate al Datos ligate, le Proprietate representa il predicato de un tripletto.

Qualifier is a part of the claim that says something about the specific claim, often in a descriptive way. A qualifier might be a term according to a specific vocabulary but can also be a variant descriptive phrase (whether those terms or phrases are free text or part of some vocabulary would probably be up to the Wikidata community).

• Requesta (characteristica futur) es un recerca prefixate a transverso del elementos. Un Requesta es le descriptor pro un recerca prefixate, ma non le occurrentias generate per le cerca mesme. Un Requesta pote esser executate pro acquirer le resultatos del cerca, que pote esser utile pro un generation e translation automatic del articulos del lista. Vider Wikidata:Lists task force (Wikidata phase III). Cata Requesta es un Entitate e describite e definite sur su proprie pagina, e ha su proprie identificator prefixate.

Wikidata:SPARQL query service
Rank is a quality factor used for simple selection/filtering in cases where there are many statements for a given property. In such cases, you may want to indicate which statement is more important or relevant than other statements. By default, a statement has the rank "normal", but you can change this to either "preferred" or "deprecated".
Reference (or source) describes the origin of a statement in Wikidata. A reference is often an item in its own right; for example, a book. Wikidata does not aim to answer the question of whether a statement is correct, but merely whether the statement appears in a reference.

• Sito es un referentia a un sito web externe in general, sed in sitelinks illo se refere a wikies registrate specific, per exemplo un version de lingua de Wikipedia. Ille sitos es referite per le identificator global de sitos o in breve siteid, technicamente correspondente al DBnamedel wiki. per exemplo le siteid de Wikipedia Latin es lawiki. Cata pagina externe pote haber sol un ligamine registrate in Wikidata e un elemento pote sol haber un ligamine con cata sito externe.

• Le Ligamine a sitos (in le Interfacie del Usator nominate Lista del paginas ligate a iste elemento) es un identification de unpagina ligate a un altere sito. Illo consiste de un identificator de sito e un titulo, e es immagazinate in individual elementos in Wikidata. Illos es usate ambe pro identificar un elemento ex un sito externe, e como un magazin central de (interlinguas) ligamines de interwiki. Vide Adjuta:Sitelinks.

Snak is a technical term of Wikibase software which data users are most likely to encounter when accessing Wikidata through the MediaWiki API. It refers to the combination of a property and either a value or one of the special cases "no value" and "unknown value". Snaks can be found in claims (then they are called main snaks) or in qualifiers as part of statements (then they are called qualifier snaks). E.g., in the statement "Emma Watson was a cast member of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in the role of Hermione Granger" there is a main snak "was a cast member of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" and a qualifier snak "in the role of Hermione Granger".
Statement is a piece of data about an item, recorded on the item's page. A statement consists of a claim (a property-value pair such as "Location: Germany", together with optional qualifiers), augmented by optional references (giving the source for the claim) and an optional rank (used to distinguish between several claims containing the same property). Wikidata makes no assumptions about the correctness of statements, but merely collects and reports them with a reference to a source.
String (also character string) is a general term for a sequence of freely chosen characters interpreted as text (e.g. "Hello") — as opposed to a value interpreted as a numerical value (3.14), a link to an item (e.g. [[Q1234]]) or a more complex datatype (the set {1,3,5,7} ). Wikidata will in addition to a string datatype support language specific texts; "monolingual-text" and "multilingual-text" as the value of a property.

Titulo Isto es le nomine de un Pagina ligate externe (note qual Sitelink-title), le nomine de un meta page, o le Entity ID de un pagina de entity. Si le pagina non pertine al spatio de nomine principal, le titulo include le nomine del spatio de nomine qual prefixo.

Values (also datavalues) are the information pieces embedded in each claim. Depending on their datatype, they can be a single value (like a number) or a value consisting of several parts (like a geographical position with longitude and latitude). The special cases "unknown value" or "no value" can also be selected.

Wikibase es le software detra Wikidata. Illo consiste de tres Extensiones MediaWiki: Wikibase, Cliente Wikibase, e WikibaseLib:

    1. le Extension Wikibase (pro le server Wikidata, saepe appellate repository o solmente repo) permitte a un installation MediaWiki dedicate de colliger e mantener le datos structurate e es usate in le sito de Wikidata.
    2. Le Extension Cliente de Wikibase (often called just client) habilita le installationes de MediaWiki qual le Wikipedias a querer e monstrar le datos ex un server de Wikidata sur su paginas, e es in uso sur le Wikipedias, in linguas differente, e in alicun altere sitos soror.
    3. The Extension WikibaseLib ha librarias commun pro ambe le major extensiones.

Wikidata es un projecto de Wikimedia que exeque un instantia de MediaWiki con le Extensiones Wikibase. Illo permitte al Redactores de Wikidata de inserer le datos e leger le paginas.

Wikimedia es le nomine de un movimento (vide pro le detalios) que provide, per le projectos de Wikimedia, cognoscentia libere al publico.


Le Projectos de Wikimedia (vide pro le detalios) es libere wikis con un proposito specific, usualmente dividite in plure wikis individual pro cata lingua, ut in Wikipedia. Wikidata es un projecto multilingual de Wikimedia. Il ha in total circa 800 wikis differente pro Wikimedia. Actualmente, sol le projectos de Wikimedia pote esser ligate a Wikidata.


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