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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Glossary and the translation is 7% complete.

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Elements of a statement

Вікізьвесткі база ведаў, якую кожны можа рэдагаваць. Гэтая старонка ёсьць даведнікам для ўсіх удзельнікаў і тых, хто мае на мэце ўнармаваць тэрміналёгію, што дасі ў будучыні плён, як то ў абмеркаваньнях і супрацы рэдактараў.


Сынонімы (у інтэрфэйсе — таксама вядома як) — альтэрнатыўныя назвы аб’ектаў, уласьцівасьцяў і запытаў, паводле якіх можна ажыцьцяўляць пошук гэтакім жа тыпам, як і па метках (загалоўках). Як і меткі, кожная мова мае свае сынонімы для аб’ектаў, але, адрозна ад метак, аб’ект можа мець столькі сынонімаў, колькі трэба. Глядзіце Дапамога:Сынонімы.

Badges are optional markers that can be attached to a sitelink. For instance a sitelink can be marked to link to a "featured article" and/or to a "proofread" page.
Claim is a piece of data about the entity on whose page the claim appears. A claim consists of a property (such as location (P276)) and either a value (e.g., Germany (Q183)) or one of the special cases "no value" and "unknown value". A claim can have qualifiers, such as temporal qualifiers saying that the claim is valid within a specific time frame. Compared to triples in the RDF data model, a claim uses a property to express the predicate of a triplet and a value to express the object of a triplet. Claims form part of statements on item pages, where they can be augmented with references and ranks; they can also occur on non-item data pages.
Constraint is a rule how a particular property should be used. For instance most identifiers should have only one value, so there is a single value constraint on them.
Datatype (data value type or value type) is the kind of data values that may be assigned to a property, and specifies how the data values are stored in each claim. Each property is assigned a pre-defined datatype. Not all values can be linked, as long as there are certain datatypes missing. The development of new datatypes is still in progress. See also Special:ListDatatypes for currently available datatypes.
Help:Data type
Description is a language-specific descriptive phrase for an item, property or query. It provides context for the label (for example, there are many items about places with the label "Cambridge"). The description therefore does not need to be unique, neither within a language or Wikidata in general, but it must be unique together with the label. Uniqueness for a combination of a label and a description is a hard constraint. If your contribution does not meet this requirement you cannot save the change.
Entity is the content of a Wikidata page, that either may be an item (in the main namespace), a property (in the property namespace). Every entity is uniquely identified by an entity ID, which is a prefixed number, for example starting with the prefix Q for an item and P for a property. An entity is also identified by a unique combination of label and description in each language. An entity may have alternate aliases in multiple languages. Each entity has also a dereferenceable URI that follows the pattern where ID is its entity ID.
External identifier Some properties have values that are strings used in the databases of external organisations. They uniquely identify an item. For example, an ISBN for a book or the unique part of the URL of a movie or an actor in the Internet Movie Database.

Прадмет (таксама тэма, рэч, аб’ект) — тое, пра што распавядае старонка ў Вікізьвестках. Прадмет ідэнтыфікуецца паводле меткі і апісаньня (гл. мадэль зьвестак), а таксама артыкулаў Вікіпэдыі, злучаных са старонкай.

Label (also name) is the main name given to identify an entity (i.e. an item or a property). E.g.: the item with the item identifier Q7378 has the English label “elephant”. Every entity has exactly one label in a given human language. Labels do not need to be unique. Descriptions and aliases are used to distinguish between entities with the same label. Wikidata pages do not have labels, but titles.
Language attributes are the language-specific labels, aliases and descriptions that are assigned to items, properties and queries. These are human-readable text to improve understanding of the scope of the item; for example the specific type of real world entity. If they are missing some of them can be replaced by strings from alternate languages, following the language fallback chains.
Language fallbacks (also language chains) are methods to systematically replace missing language attributes with strings from alternate languages. The exact replacement rules can be chosen depending on the type of page, whether the user is logged in, or the user preferred languages.
Mainspace is one of the namespaces in a wiki. Other than other namespaces, it does not have a prefix. In Wikidata, the mainspace contains the pages with the items.
MediaWiki is the software that runs Wikidata, Wikipedia and other wikis. The MediaWiki installation of Wikidata makes use of the Wikibase extension.
What is MediaWiki
Meta pages These are all pages that are not entities, i.e. do not belong to the data namespaces. Wikidata meta pages contain unstructured content represented by conventional MediaWiki code, and perhaps also future Wikidata client side inclusion code. Examples are talk pages, category pages, project pages (in the Wikidata namespace) and help pages (in the help namespace). Meta pages also comprise content and data automatically generated by the MediaWiki software (for example, the edit history of a page, or special pages).
Namespaces are a kind of category for pages in a wiki. Per namespace you may have different rules about the pages and their content. In Wikidata, the most important namespace (or ‘main namespace’) is for the Wikidata items. The URL of such a page ends on a Q with a number, for example Q7378 for “Elephant”. The pages in other namespaces start with the namespace name, the ‘prefix’, for example Help:Contents.

Старонка — старонка ці артыкул у вікі. У Вікізьвестках будуць старонкі ў розных прасторах назваў (як і ў Вікіпэдыі). Старонкі ў асноўнай прасторы Вікізьвестак будуць апісваць прадметы.

Project is a term often used in the Wikimedia movement. In most cases, people mean a Wikimedia Wiki. So in Wikidata, the term usually refers to Wikidata itself.
Property (also attribute) is the descriptor for a data value, or some other relation or composite or possibly missing value, but not the data value or values themselves. Each statement at an item page links to a property, and assigns the property one or several values, or some other relation or composite or possibly missing value. The property is stored on a page in the Property namespace, and includes a declaration of the datatype for the property values. Compared to linked data, the property represents a triplet's predicate.
Qualifier is a part of the claim that says something about the specific claim, often in a descriptive way. A qualifier might be a term according to a specific vocabulary but can also be a variant descriptive phrase (whether those terms or phrases are free text or part of some vocabulary would probably be up to the Wikidata community).
Query is a search across items in Wikidata. By now queries can be executed in the SPARQL query language. It is planned to extent Wikidata by queries as entities defined on their own pages.
Wikidata:SPARQL query service
Rank is a quality factor used for simple selection/filtering in cases where there are many statements for a given property. In such cases, you may want to indicate which statement is more important or relevant than other statements. By default, a statement has the rank "normal", but you can change this to either "preferred" or "deprecated".

Спасылка (ці крыніца) апісвае паходжаньне сьцьверджаньня ў Вікізьвестках. Крыніцы натуральным чынам могуць зьяўляцца прадметамі, напрыклад, кнігі. Вікізьвесткі маюць сваёй мэтай не адказаць, ці ёсьць сапраўдным пэўнае сьцьверджаньне, а толькі паказаць, зь якой крыніцы паходзіць сьцьверджаньне. Чакаецца, што тое, што складае слушныя крыніцы, зьяўляецца пытаньнем абмеркаваньняў сярод рэдактараў Вікізьвестак.

Site is a reference to an external website in general, but in sitelinks it refers to specific registered wikis, for example a Wikipedia language version. Those sites are referenced by global site identifiers or for short siteid, technically corresponding to the wiki's DBname. For example the Latin Wikipedia's siteid is lawiki. Each external page can have only one link registered in Wikidata and one item can only have one link to each external site.
Sitelink (Interlanguage link) is an identification of a linked page on another site. It consists of a site identifier and a title, and are stored in individual items in Wikidata. They are used both for identifying an item from an external site, and as a central storage of interwiki (interlanguage) links.
Snak is a technical term of Wikibase software which data users are most likely to encounter when accessing Wikidata through the MediaWiki API. It refers to the combination of a property and either a value or one of the special cases "no value" and "unknown value". Snaks can be found in claims (then they are called main snaks) or in qualifiers as part of statements (then they are called qualifier snaks). E.g., in the statement "Emma Watson was a cast member of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone in the role of Hermione Granger" there is a main snak "was a cast member of Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone" and a qualifier snak "in the role of Hermione Granger".

Сьцьверджаньне (таксама факт, заява) — непадзельная частка зьвестак пра прадмет, запісаная на адной старонцы. У найпрасьцейшым выпадку заява — гэта проста пара кшталту «ўласьцівасьць-значэньне» (напрыклад, «Месцазнаходжаньне: Нямеччына»), але часта сьцьверджаньні могуць мець болей парамэтраў (напрыклад, ча́савых). Глядзіце мадэль зьвестак. Заўважце, што Вікізьветскі ня робяць ніякіх высноваў пра карэктнасьць сьцьверджаньня, а толькі зьбіраюць і паведамляюць іх з дапамогай спасылак на крыніцы.

String (also character string) is a general term for a sequence of freely chosen characters interpreted as text (e.g. "Hello") — as opposed to a value interpreted as a numerical value (3.14), a link to an item (e.g. [[Q1234]]) or a more complex datatype (the set {1,3,5,7} ). Wikidata will in addition to a string datatype support language specific texts; "monolingual-text" and "multilingual-text" as the value of a property.
Title is the name of a page. The title is unique per wiki. In Wikidata a title is either an item identifier such as Q42 or it starts with a namespace prefix such as Help:. Titles of pages in other Wikimedia wikis are required to connected these pages to Wikidata items via sitelinks.
Values (also datavalues) are the information pieces embedded in each claim. Depending on their datatype, they can be a single value (like a number) or a value consisting of several parts (like a geographical position with longitude and latitude). The special cases "unknown value" or "no value" can also be selected.

Пашырэньні Вікізьвестак будуць падзеленыя на два тыпы: сэрвэрныя пашырэньні Вікізьвестак будуць дадаткам да MediaWiki для збору і апрацоўкі структураваных зьвестак — будуць выкарыстаныя на сайце Вікізьвестак; кліенцкія пашырэньні Вікізьвестак дазволяць MediaWiki запытваць і адлюстроўваць зьвесткі з сэрвэру Вікізьвестак на іншых старонках — будуць уключаныя ў Вікіпэдыі і, магчыма, іншых праектах.

Вікізьвесткі — праект Вікімэдыя, выкананы як інсталяцыя MediaWiki з пашырэньнямі Вікізьвестак, якія дазволяць рэдактарам Вікізьвестак дадаваць і праглядаць старонкі ў Вікізьвестках.
Wikimedia is the name of a movement which consists of people and organizations. Wikidata is run by the Wikimedia Foundation together with other wikis such as Wikipedia. The Wikibase software is mainly developed by Wikimedia Germany which is one of the national Wikimedia affiliations.
Wiki is a concept for a website. Wikipedia and Wikidata are wikis. A wiki in general is a website that can be edited by the visitors.

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