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## Reasoning About Causation

*Steven Sloman*

### in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- January 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780195183115
- eISBN:
- 9780199870950
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0006
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses three kinds of reasoning that illustrate the central role of causality. The first part shows that causal considerations enter into how people think about some mathematical ... More

## Fitting Facts to Equations

*Nancy Cartwright*

### in How the Laws of Physics Lie

- Published in print:
- 1983
- Published Online:
- November 2003
- ISBN:
- 9780198247043
- eISBN:
- 9780191597152
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0198247044.003.0008
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Are things in the real world governed by the mathematical equations of fundamental theories in physics? If we take seriously the practice of fitting facts into equations, the answer should be no. To ... More

## Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: New Edition

*John von Neumann (ed.)*

- Published in print:
- 2018
- Published Online:
- September 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691178561
- eISBN:
- 9781400889921
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691178561.001.0001
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Quantum mechanics was still in its infancy in 1932 when the young John von Neumann, who would go on to become one of the greatest mathematicians of the twentieth century, published Mathematical ... More

## Imaginary Machines

*Avner Offer and Gabriel Söderberg*

### in The Nobel Factor: The Prize in Economics, Social Democracy, and the Market Turn

- Published in print:
- 2019
- Published Online:
- May 2020
- ISBN:
- 9780691196312
- eISBN:
- 9781400883417
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691196312.003.0002
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter argues that about half of the Nobel Prize winners have engaged primarily in the building of intellectual constructs, imaginary machines, or simply ‘models’. This term should be ... More

## How to Explain Number Theory at a Dinner Party

*Michael Harris*

### in Mathematics without Apologies: Portrait of a Problematic Vocation

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- May 2018
- ISBN:
- 9780691175836
- eISBN:
- 9781400885527
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691175836.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion began in Chapter α. It presents the second part of author's response to the question, “What is it you do in number theory, anyway?” Working his way up to the ... More

## Electron Density Maps and Molecular Structures

*Peter B. Moore*

### in Visualizing the Invisible: Imaging Techniques for the Structural Biologist

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- May 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199767090
- eISBN:
- 9780190267841
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199767090.003.0007
- Subject:
- Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter illustrates the computations and variations of the electron density distribution of unit cells. To enable computations, crystallographers use electron density maps which are figured as a ... More

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