עזרה:עריכה

From Wikidata
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Help:Items and the translation is 24% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
العربية • ‎asturianu • ‎български • ‎বাংলা • ‎bosanski • ‎català • ‎čeština • ‎dansk • ‎Deutsch • ‎Zazaki • ‎dolnoserbski • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎English • ‎British English • ‎Esperanto • ‎español • ‎eesti • ‎euskara • ‎فارسی • ‎suomi • ‎føroyskt • ‎français • ‎Frysk • ‎ગુજરાતી • ‎עברית • ‎हिन्दी • ‎hornjoserbsce • ‎Հայերեն • ‎interlingua • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎íslenska • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎ქართული • ‎한국어 • ‎Ripoarisch • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎latviešu • ‎македонски • ‎മലയാളം • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎မြန်မာဘာသာ • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎Nederlands • ‎occitan • ‎ଓଡ଼ିଆ • ‎ਪੰਜਾਬੀ • ‎polski • ‎پښتو • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎русский • ‎Scots • ‎српски / srpski • ‎svenska • ‎தமிழ் • ‎ไทย • ‎Türkçe • ‎українська • ‎ייִדיש • ‎中文 • ‎中文(简体)‎

שלום! טוב לדעת שהחלטת ללמוד איך לערוך את ויקינתונים. כפי שבוודאי כבר קראת, ויקינתונים הוא מאגר נתונים חופשי שכולם יכולים לערוך. אם יש לך רעיון מועיל, נשאר לך רק לבצע אותו.לחץ על המדריך לימין, או קרוא למטה להתחיל!

הבנת פריטים[edit]

Items and their data are interconnected

In Wikidata, items are used to represent all the things in human knowledge, including topics, concepts, and objects. For example, the "1988 Summer Olympics", "love", "Elvis Presley", and "gorilla" are all items in Wikidata.

For those who are familiar with Wikipedia, it may be tempting to initially think of items as like the Wikidata version of Wikipedia articles. While items and articles are both pages for storing information about different concepts or topics of human knowledge, it's important to keep in mind that Wikidata is not just a database of Wikipedia content. In fact, Wikidata is actually more similar to Wikimedia Commons, the media file repository, than it is to Wikipedia—but instead of media files, Wikidata provides centralized storage for an access to structured data for all Wikimedia projects, as well as for use on external websites.

There are a few important characteristics about items that contribute to the success of Wikidata:

Notable items[edit]

Wikidata items are said to be notable. This means at least one of three things (1) corresponding page on a Wikimedia site such as Wikipedia, Wikivoyage, Wikisource, Wikiquote, Wikiversity, or Wikimedia Commons, (2) a clearly identifiable conceptual or material entity that can be described using serious and publicly available references or (3) the item fulfills a structural need. For more information look at our notability policy.

Unique items[edit]

Items are also unique. Each item should represent a clearly identifiable concept or object, or an instance of a clearly identifiable concept or object. For example, in Wikidata we can have items for both the concept of planet (Q634) and an instance of a planet, Earth (Q2).

Linking items[edit]

Items can and should also be linked to each other. Each item has a unique identifier (starting with a Q prefix) and its own page in the Wikidata main namespace. For example, for the items listed above, 1988 Summer Olympics (Q8470), love (Q316), Elvis Presley (Q303) and gorilla (Q36611) are the respective item pages. These pages are where all the data for each item is added, edited, and maintained, mostly in the form of statements.

Pages also allow items to be linked together so that all the data on Wikidata can be interconnected. A link to another page is usually added as a "property" by clicking on "edit" in the "statements" section. If no appropriate property is listed yet, it can be added by clicking on "+ add" on the bottom of the "statements" section. See: #Adding to an existing item page.

Typical properties to link one item to another:

Example:

  1. Albert Einstein's brain (Q2464312) is part of (P361): Albert Einstein (Q937).
  2. Albert Einstein (Q937) is an instance of (P31): human (Q5).
  3. human (Q5) is a subclass of (P279): mammal (Q7377).
  4. mammal (Q7377) has part (P527): mammary gland (Q189961).


Outside of item pages links to items can usually be placed by adding the prefix "Q|" to the item number and enclosing it in curly brackets, e.g.: {{Q|8470}}.

יצירת פריט חדש[edit]

Create a new item by choosing "Create a new item" in the menu to the left
Enter the label and description of the new item
Edit the item "Marie Curie"
Add a sitelink

Step-by-step guides to the basics of editing Wikidata items: Wikidata:Tours

!!FUZZY!!==יצירת פריט חדש== כאשר חסר פריט, באפשרותך להוסיף אותו. בשביל זה צריך לפתוח את הדף יצירת פריט חדש (באנגלית: Special:CreateItem), להוסיף שם תווית ואולי גם תיאור קצר. לחיצה על ⧼wikibase-createentity-submit⧽ תיצור בשבילך את הפריט, ואז אפשר להוסיף עיול חדש.

The item by title search page has two entry fields that are designed for searching for items that already have a page on a Wikimedia site and may be in the Wikidata system. The left field, which says "Site:" is where you put the language of the Wikimedia site page that corresponds to the item you want to add. Most Wikimedia sites have equivalent editions for different languages which are represented by a code. For example, the code for English language is en and the code for French language is fr. This code can be found in the URL; so en.wiktionary.org is the English Wiktionary and en.wikipedia.org is the English Wikipedia, while fr.wiktionary.org is the French Wiktionary and fr.wikipedia.org is the French Wikipedia. A screenshot that shows where to locate a language code for a Wikimedia site is available here.

For the second field, "Page:", you must put in the exact title of the page as it appears at the top of the page on its Wikimedia site. This is important for retrieving the right item because there may be multiple items with the same label in Wikidata. For example, if you wanted to know if there was already an item page for capital (the concept referring to non-financial assets) in Wikidata, you must search "capital (economics)"—the title of the page on Wikipedia—and not "capital" which would instead give you the item page for the Wikipedia disambiguation page on capital.

When Wikidata already has a page on that item, the search will take you to that page.

יצירת פריט חדש[edit]

כאשר חסר פריט, באפשרותך ליצור אותו. אפשר לעשות את זה באמצעות לחיצה על הקישור בתחתית של תוצאות חיפוש פריט לפי כותרת או באמצעות לחיצה על "Create a new item" בתפריט הצד בכל דף. כל אחד מהקישורים האלו ייקח אותך לדף שיבקש ממך לתת לעיול חדש תווית ותיאור. אם השתמשת בחיפוש כותרת, הממשק גם יכלול את שני השדות שמילאת בעת החיפוש. אם השתמשת בקישור יצירת פריט חדש, זה לא יהיה שם, אבל אין מה לדאוג. יש פשוט למלא את השדות וללחוץ על "Create" בסיום. (ר' את הדף השלישי במדריך "How to Edit Wikidata" למידע נוסף)

Adding to an existing item page[edit]

!!FUZZY!!==הוספת עיול חדש לפריט קיים== אם ברצונך להוסיף עיול חדש, יש ללחוץ על add ויופיע טופס קטן. בתיבת הקלט הראשונה יש לכתוב את הקוד או את השם של השפה שברצונך לקשר אליה, ובתיבת הקלט השנייה יש לכתוב את שם הערך על הפריט באותה השפה. עם הלחיצה על save העיול יתווסף לרשימה.

A label is the most common name that an item would be known by. Labels are added to the text fields at the top of an item page to the "Label" column. Click "edit", type in the label, and click "save". A description is a short phrase designed to disambiguate the page in question from other pages with the same or similar labels. Descriptions are added in the same way as labels, to the "Description" column. See Help:Label and Help:Description for more on using labels and descriptions.

You can add aliases by clicking the "edit" button at the top of an item page to the "Also known as" column. You will be able to insert the first alias into the field, at which point a second field will appear. Keep filling in aliases until you have no more alternate names to add, then click "save". See Help:Aliases for more on using information.

To add a sitelink to Wikidata, go to the section(s) below the appropriate heading(s), for example "Wikipedia" or "Wikiquote" and click the "edit" next to the heading. At the bottom of the sitelink group you will then be given two blank fields: a left field which says "wiki" and (shown after correct filling a first field) a right field which says "page". The left field is where you put the language of the Wikimedia site page that the item corresponds to. The right field is where you put the title of the page as it appears on the Wikimedia site. Both of these fields contain drop downs that will help you fill in the information once you begin typing. When you have filled out both fields, click "save". See Help:Sitelinks for more information.

Please note: When clicking on any "edit" or "+ add" before the page has fully loaded you might be taken to a separate page with a special interface. This will also let you make the intended changes but it is more difficult to use. If the page does not appear as depicted on the images to the right after clicking "edit" or "+ add" you might want go back, wait for the browser to finish loading the page (usually there is an indication on top of the browser's tab) and then click "edit" or "+ add" again.

Examples of four fields filled out for the item Marie Curie (Q7186)

Language Item Label Description Aliases Link to Wikipedia Page
אנגלית (en) Q7186 Marie Curie French-Polish physicist and chemist Maria Salomea Skłodowska; Marie Skłodowska-Curie Marie Curie
צרפתית (fr) Q7186 Marie Curie physicienne et chimiste française d'origine polonaise Maria Salomea Skłodowska herb Dołęga; Maria Skłodowska-Curie; Marie Sklodowska-Curie; Maria Skłodowska Marie Curie
פולנית (pl) Q7186 Maria Skłodowska-Curie polsko-francuska uczona, fizyk, noblistka Maria Curie-Skłodowska; Marie Curie; Maria Skłodowska Maria Skłodowska-Curie

עריכת דף פריט[edit]

!!FUZZY!!כדי לערוך עיול קיים, יש ללחוץ על edit ולהזין את שם הערך החדש בשפה שבחרת. אם הערך הנוכחי שגוי, ואין שום דבר על הנושא הזה באותה השפה, אפשר ללחוץ על remove, והעיול ייעלם מיד ויוסר ממסד הנתונים.

מחיקת דף פריט[edit]

Only admins can delete items. Deletions are done via Wikidata:Requests for deletions. Please give a short reason.

ראו גם[edit]

לדפי עזרה קשורים, ראו:

  • Help:Label, which explains what labels are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Description, which explains what descriptions are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Aliases, which explains what aliases are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Statements, which explains what statements are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Sitelinks, which explains what sitelinks are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Merge, which explains how to merge items (in case interwiki links to Wikipedia articles in different languages but on the same subject exist on more than one Wikidata page)

למידע והנחייה נוספים, ראו:

  • Project chat, for discussing all and any aspects of Wikidata
  • Wikidata:Glossary, the glossary of terms used in this and other Help pages
  • Help:FAQ, frequently asked questions asked and answered by the Wikidata community
  • Help:Contents, the Help portal featuring all the documentation available for Wikidata