Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy

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Rosen
.
systematics[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Unterklasse Rosidae
Überordnung Rosanae
Ordnung Rosenartige (Rosales)
Familie Rosengewächse (Rosaceae)
Unterfamilie Rosoideae
Gattung Rosa
scientific name of Gattung
Rosa
L. (1753)
Python regius
.
systematics[10][11]
infraorder Alethinophidia
superfamily Pythonoidea
family Pythonidae
genus python (Python)
species Python regius
scientific name of species
Python regius
Shaw, 1802
red list status
least concern

The goal of this WikiProject is to compile the rules for the biological taxonomy in wikidata and implement them. An overview of the rules shall be compiled here, the discussion takes place on the talk page.

In general, each taxon has its own item here: The species Exiliboa placata (Q606) as well as its monotypic genus Exiliboa (Q13231734). Moreover, each (important/notable) taxonomic viewpoint can be stored, also historic ones. See for example Cactaceae (Q14560).

Scope and participants[edit]

Scope[edit]

  • All items in wikidata describing a taxon

Not in the scope:

Participants[edit]

Succu (talk)
Josve05a (talk)
FelixReimann (talk)
Infovarius (talk)
Daniel Mietchen (talk)
Soulkeeper (talk)
Brya (talk)
Klortho (talk)
Tobias1984 (talk)
Delusion23 (talk)
Alexander Vasenin (talk)
Andy Mabbett (talk)

Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy/Participants contains a list that can be used to ping all the participants of this project. Use {{Ping project|Taxonomy}} to ping this project. You can opt in by adding your name to it.

Properties and qualifiers[edit]

Tutorial[edit]

You'll find some explanation on how to use the following properties in our tutorial (work in progress).

Properties each taxon should have[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
instance of P31 Item either taxon (Q16521) or monotypic taxon (Q310890) (Exiliboa) instance of (monotypic taxon)
taxon name P225 String the scientific name of a taxon (in biology) (cat) taxon name (Felis silvestris catus)
taxon rank P105 Item level in a taxonomic hierarchy (wildcat) taxon rank (species)
parent taxon P171 Item closest parent taxon of the taxon in question (cat) parent taxon (wildcat)
taxon author P405 Item the author(s) that (optionally) may be cited with the scientific name (Boletus illudens) taxon author (Charles Horton Peck)
publication date P574 Time publication date of the scientific name of a taxon (Boletus illudens) publication date (1898)

Note: To avoid already fixed constraint violations, bots should only import these properties if

Optional properties[edit]

General[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
IUCN conservation status P141 Item conservation status assigned by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (bald eagle) IUCN conservation status (least concern)
range map image P181 Commons media file range map of a taxon (white rhinoceros) range map image (Mapa distribuicao original white rhino.png)
endemic to P183 Item sole location or habitat type where the taxon lives (checkered pupfish) endemic to (Mexico)
taxonomic type P427 Item the type genus of this family (or subfamily, etc), or the type species of this genus (or subgenus, etc) (Drosophilidae) taxonomic type (Drosophila)
botanist author abbreviation P428 String standard form (official abbreviation) of a personal name for use in an author citation (only for names of algae, fungi and plants) (Carl Linnæus) botanist author abbreviation (L.)
author citation (zoology) P835 String citation of those involved in the publication of a zoological name (Carl Linnæus) author citation (zoology) (Linnaeus)
basionym P566 Item the legitimate, previously published name on which a new combination or name at new rank is based (Browningia candelaris) basionym (Cereus candelaris)
original combination P1403 Item for animals: the combination (binomen or trinomen) where the species-group name used in this taxon name was first published (lion) original combination (Felis leo)
replaced synonym (for nom. nov.) P694 Item previously published name on which a replacement name (avowed substitute, nomen novum) is based. (Agave duplicata) replaced synonym (for nom. nov.) (Bravoa geminiflora)
taxon synonym P1420 Item synonyms of the taxon name (Oreocereus hempelianus) taxon synonym (Borzicactus hempelianus var. weingartianus)
ex taxon author P697 Item person to whom to ascribe a taxon name, denoted by "ex" (via P405) (Magnoliales) ex taxon author (Antoine Laurent de Jussieu)
Code of nomenclature P944 Item the Code that governs the scientific name of this taxon (animal) Code of nomenclature (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature)
temporal range start P523 Item the start of a process or appearance of a life form relative to the geologic time scale (trilobite) temporal range start (Cambrian Stage 3)
temporal range end P524 Item the end of a process or extinction of a life form relative to the geologic time scale (trilobite) temporal range end (Changhsingian)
parents of hybrids P1531 Item

Databases[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
BHL Page Id P687 String identifier in the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) (Canna indica) BHL Page Id (358022)
BioLib ID P838 String ID in the biological encyclopedia BioLib (Escobaria) BioLib ID (105586)
Encyclopedia of Life ID P830 String eol.org item reference number (Nicrophorus americanus) Encyclopedia of Life ID (1044544)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID P846 String (tailed tailless bat) Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (5963040)
ITIS TSN P815 String unique Taxonomic Serial Number defined by Integrated Taxonomic Information System (oceanic whitetip shark) ITIS TSN (160330)
IUCN-ID P627 String source for IUCN conservation status (P141) (bald eagle) IUCN-ID (106003365)
NCBI Taxonomy ID P685 String ID of a taxon in the Taxonomy Database by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (human) NCBI Taxonomy ID (9606)
Fossilworks ID P842 String identifier for fossil animals, plants, and microorganisms (Pantolambda) Fossilworks ID (40565)
World Register of Marine Species identifier P850 String (Fucus vesiculosus) World Register of Marine Species identifier (145548)
FishBase species identifier P938 String (harlequin catshark) FishBase species identifier (5918)
MSW species identifier P959 String Mammal Species of the World is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of mammals (Chinchilla) MSW species identifier (13400130)
Tropicos taxon name identifier P960 String a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of plants (Poliothyrsis) Tropicos taxon name identifier (40013483)
IPNI author ID P586 String ID of a person in the International Plant Names Index (Carl Linnæus) IPNI author ID (12653-1)
IPNI taxon name identifier P961 String International Plant Names Index is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of plants. It is different from Property:P586 which is for authors not taxon. But it is related to Property:P428. (Carex aphylla) IPNI taxon name identifier (298593-1)
MycoBank taxon name identifier P962 String MycoBank is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of fungi. (Haematomma) MycoBank taxon name identifier (2196)
PlantList-ID P1070 String ID in the database of 'The Plant List' (Amorphophallus titanum) PlantList-ID (kew-8323)
ICTV virus ID P1076 String ID in the "International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses"-database (Adenoviridae) ICTV virus ID (00.001)
AlgaeBase URL P1348 URL URL for the website AlgaeBase (Valonia) AlgaeBase URL (http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=Tbe0623b49301eb05)
Index Fungorum ID P1391 String Identifier in Index Fungorum (see Q1860469) (Cantharellus) Index Fungorum ID (17236)
GRIN URL P1421 URL ID in GRIN Taxonomy database (Zea mays) GRIN URL (http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?42207)

Qualifiers[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
incertae sedis P678 Item qualifier for parent taxon (P171) to mark at which intermediate ranks placement of the taxon is incertae sedis (Cyclocorus) parent taxon (Colubridae)
incertae sedis (subfamily)
nomenclatural status P1135 Item qualifier for taxon name (P225) to mark the name's status according to the relevant rules of nomenclature (Cactaceae) taxon name (Cactaceae)
nomenclatural status (nomen conservandum)
original spelling P1353 String qualifier for taxon name (P225) to mark the name's original spelling (Aloe steffanieana) taxon name (Aloe steffanieana)
original spelling (Aloe steffaniana)

Deprecated properties[edit]

Do not use the following properties, because they are deprecated and will be deleted in the near future (see decision):

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
(OBSOLETE) order P70 Item ordo (cat) (OBSOLETE) order (carnivora)
(OBSOLETE) family P71 Item familia (cat) (OBSOLETE) family (Felidae)
(OBSOLETE) genus P74 Item genus (cat) (OBSOLETE) genus (Felis)

Related items[edit]

Requests for comment[edit]

Tools and maintenance[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Reveal System of Classification, , read online
  2. Arthur John Cronquist, An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants, , ISBN 978-0-231-03880-5
  3. George Bentham und Joseph Dalton Hooker, Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata definita, und
  4. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, , doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x
  5. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II,
  6. Mark Wayne Chase und James Lauritz Reveal, "A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, , doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x
  7. Adolf Engler, Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien,
  8. Richard Wettstein, Handbuch der Systematischen Botanik,
  9. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants,
  10. Robert Alexander Pyron, Frank T. Burbrink and John J. Wiens, A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes, , doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-93
  11. Wulf D. Schleip and Mark O'Shea, "Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution", ZooKeys, , doi: 10.3897/zookeys.66.683