Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy

From Wikidata
Jump to: navigation, search
Rosiden (rosids)
Eurosiden I (fabids)
Ordnung Rosenartige (Rosales)
Familie Rosengewächse (Rosaceae)
Unterfamilie Rosoideae
Gattung Rosa
scientific name of Gattung
L. (1753)
Python regius
infraorder Alethinophidia
superfamily Pythonoidea
family python (Pythonidae)
genus Python
species Python regius
scientific name of species
Python regius
Shaw, 1802
red list status
Least Concern

The goal of this WikiProject is to compile the rules for the biological taxonomy in wikidata and implement them. An overview of the rules shall be compiled here, the discussion takes place on the talk page.

In general, each taxon has its own item here: The species Exiliboa placata (Q606) as well as its monotypic genus Exiliboa (Q13231734). Moreover, each (important/notable) taxonomic viewpoint can be stored, also historic ones. See for example Cactaceae (Q14560).

Scope and participants[edit]


  • All items in wikidata describing a taxon

Not in the scope:


Succu (talk)
FelixReimann (talk)
Infovarius (talk)
Daniel Mietchen (talk)
Soulkeeper (talk)
Brya (talk)
Klortho (talk)
Tobias1984 (talk)
Delusion23 (talk)

Wikidata:WikiProject Taxonomy/Participants contains a list that can be used to ping all the participants of this project. Use {{Ping project|Taxonomy}} to ping this project. You can opt in by adding your name to it.



You'll find some explanation on how to use the following properties in our tutorial (work in progress).

Properties each taxon should have[edit]

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
instance of 31 Item either taxon (Q16521) or monotypic taxon (Q310890) (Exiliboa) instance of (monotypic taxon)
taxon name 225 String the scientific name of a taxon (in biology) (cat) taxon name (Felis silvestris catus)
taxon rank 105 Item level in a taxonomic hierarchy (wildcat) taxon rank (species)
parent taxon 171 Item closest parent taxon of the taxon in question (cat) parent taxon (wildcat)
taxon author 405 Item the author(s) that (optionally) may be cited with the scientific name (Boletus illudens) taxon author (Charles Horton Peck)
date of scientific description 574 Time publication date of the scientific name (Boletus illudens) date of scientific description (1898)

To avoid already fixed constraint violations, bots should only import these properties if

Optional properties[edit]


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
IUCN conservation status 141 Item conservation status assigned by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (bald eagle) IUCN conservation status (Least Concern)
range map 181 Commons media file range map of a taxon (white rhinoceros) range map (Mapa distribuicao original white rhino.png)
endemic to 183 Item sole location or habitat type where the taxon lives (checkered pupfish) endemic to (Mexico)
taxonomic type 427 Item the type genus of this family (or subfamily, etc), or the type species of this genus (or subgenus, etc) (Drosophilidae) taxonomic type (Drosophila)
botanist author abbreviation 428 String standard form (official abbreviation) of a personal name for use in an author citation (only for names of algae, fungi and plants) (Carl Linnæus) botanist author abbreviation (L.)
author citation (zoology) 835 String citation of those involved in the publication of a zoological name (Carl Linnæus) author citation (zoology) (Linnaeus)
basionym 566 Item the legitimate, previously published name on which a new combination or name at new rank is based (Browningia candelaris) basionym (Cereus candelaris)
incertae sedis 678 Item qualifier for parent taxon (P171) to mark at which intermediate ranks placement of the taxon is incertae sedis (Cyclocorus) parent taxon (Colubridae)
incertae sedis (subfamily)
replaced synonym (for nom. nov.) 694 Item previously published name on which a replacement name (avowed substitute, nomen novum) is based. (Agave duplicata) replaced synonym (for nom. nov.) ((no label))
ex taxon author 697 Item person to whom to ascribe a taxon name, denoted by "ex" (via P405) (Magnoliales) ex taxon author (Antoine Laurent de Jussieu)
Code of nomenclature 944 Item the Code that governs the scientific name of this taxon (animal) Code of nomenclature (International Code of Zoological Nomenclature)
nomenclatural status 1135 Item qualifier for taxon name (P225) to mark the name's status according to the relevant rules of nomenclature (Cactaceae) taxon name (Cactaceae)
nomenclatural status (nomen conservandum)
temporal range start 523 Item the start of a process or appearance of a life form relative to the geologic time scale (Trilobita) temporal range start (Cambrian Stage 3)
temporal range end 524 Item the end of a process or extinction of a life form relative to the geologic time scale (Trilobita) temporal range end (Changhsingian)


Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
BHL Page Id 687 String identifier in the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) (Canna indica) BHL Page Id (358022)
BioLib ID 838 String ID in the biological encyclopedia BioLib (Escobaria) BioLib ID (105586)
Encyclopedia of Life ID 830 String item reference number (Nicrophorus americanus) Encyclopedia of Life ID (1044544)
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID 846 String (tailed tailless bat) Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (5963040)
ITIS TSN 815 String unique Taxonomic Serial Number defined by Integrated Taxonomic Information System (Oceanic whitetip shark) ITIS TSN (160330)
IUCN-ID 627 String source for IUCN conservation status (P141) (bald eagle) IUCN-ID (106003365)
NCBI Taxonomy ID 685 String ID of a taxon in the Taxonomy Database by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (human) NCBI Taxonomy ID (9606)
Fossilworks ID 842 String identifier for fossil animals, plants, and microorganisms (Pantolambda) Fossilworks ID (40565)
World Register of Marine Species identifier 850 String (Fucus vesiculosus) World Register of Marine Species identifier (145548)
FishBase species identifier 938 String (Harlequin catshark) FishBase species identifier (5918)
MSW species identifier 959 String Mammal Species of the World is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of mammals (Chinchilla) MSW species identifier (13400130)
Tropicos taxon name identifier 960 String a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of plants (Poliothyrsis) Tropicos taxon name identifier (40013483)
IPNI author ID 586 String ID of a person in the International Plant Names Index (Carl Linnæus) IPNI author ID (12653-1)
IPNI taxon name identifier 961 String International Plant Names Index is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of plants. It is different from Property:P586 which is for authors not taxon. But it is related to Property:P428. (Carex aphylla) IPNI taxon name identifier (298593-1)
MycoBank taxon name identifier 962 String MycoBank is a database that provides an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of fungi. (Haematomma) MycoBank taxon name identifier (2196)
PlantList-ID 1070 String ID in the database of 'The Plant List' (Amorphophallus titanum) PlantList-ID (kew-8323)
ICTV virus ID 1076 String ID in the "International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses"-database (Adenoviridae) ICTV virus ID (00.001)

Deprecated properties[edit]

Do not use the following properties, because they are deprecated and will be deleted in the near future (see decision):

Title ID Data type Description Example Inverse
Property:P273 273 - domain (animal) Property:P273 (Q19088)
Property:P75 75 - regnum (cat) Property:P75 (Q729)
(OBSOLETE) phylum 76 Item phylum (cat) (OBSOLETE) phylum (chordates)
(OBSOLETE) class 77 Item classis (cat) (OBSOLETE) class (mammal)
(OBSOLETE) order 70 Item ordo (cat) (OBSOLETE) order (Carnivora)
(OBSOLETE) family 71 Item familia (cat) (OBSOLETE) family (Felidae)
(OBSOLETE) genus 74 Item genus (cat) (OBSOLETE) genus (Felis)
Property:P89 89 - species (cat) Property:P89 (Q43576)

Related items[edit]

Requests for comment[edit]

Tools and maintenance[edit]


  1. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. (161) p.105–121. 2009-10-01 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x
  2. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group: An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. In: Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden. (85) p.531–553. 1998-01-01
  3. Richard Wettstein: Handbuch der Systematischen Botanik.1935-01-01
  4. Angiosperm Phylogeny Group: An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. In: Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. (141) p.399-436. 2003-01-01
  5. Adolf Engler: Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien.1924-01-01
  6. Arthur John Cronquist: An Integrated System of Classification of Flowering Plants.1981-01-01
  7. Reveal System of Classification.1997-01-01
  8. George Bentham, Joseph Dalton Hooker: Genera plantarum ad exemplaria imprimis in herbariis kewensibus servata definita.1862-01-01
  9. Wulf D. Schleip, Mark O'Shea: Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. In: ZooKeys. (66) p.29–79. 2010-11-04 doi:10.3897/zookeys.66.683
  10. Frank T. Burbrink, John J. Wiens, Robert Alexander Pyron: A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. In: BMC Evolutionary Biology. (13) 2013-04-29 doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93