Wikidata:Introducción

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This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Introduction and the translation is 43% complete.

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Shortcuts: WD:INTRO, WD:I

Wikidata is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation: a free, collaborative, multilingual, secondary database, collecting structured data to provide support for Wikipedia, Wikimedia Commons, the other Wikimedia projects, and well beyond that.

¿Qué significa esto?[edit]

Veamos la declaración de apertura con más detalle:

  • Libre. Los datos en Wikidata están publicados bajo Creative Commons 1.0 como dominio público, lo que permite la reutilización de la información en distintos escenarios. Puede copiar, modificar, distribuir y presentar la información, incluso para propósitos comerciales, sin necesidad de pedir permiso.
  • Collaborative. The data in Wikidata is entered and maintained by Wikidata editors, who decide on the rules of content creation and management in Wikidata. Bots do also enter data in Wikidata.
  • Multilingüe. La edición, la explotación, la navegación, y la reutilización de los datos es totalmente multilingüe. Los datos introducidos en cualquier idioma están disponibles de forma inmediate en todos los demás idiomas; se puede y se fomenta la edición en cualquier lengua.
  • Una base de datos secundaria. Wikidata no sólo puede guardar información, sino también sus fuentes, reflejando con ello la diversidad de conocimiento disponible y proporcionando soporte a la noción de verificabilidad.
  • Collecting structured data. Unlike Wikimedia Commons, which collects media files, and the Wikipedias, which produce encyclopedic articles, Wikidata will collect data, in a structured form. This will allow easy reuse of that data by Wikimedia projects and third parties, and will enable computers to easily process and “understand” it.
  • Apoyo a los proyectos de Wikimedia. Wikidata apoya a Wikipedia al proveerle de enlaces interlingüísticos y fichas de información mas fácilmente mantenibles, reduciendo así la carga de trabajo en Wikipedia e incrementando su calidad. Las mejoras o actualizaciones en un idioma están así disponible en los otros.
  • Support well beyond that. Everyone can use Wikidata for a huge number of different services.

How does Wikidata work?[edit]

This wiki is the Wikidata repository. The repository is the central storage for the data that may be accessed by the client Wikis connected to the repository. By maintaining the data in the repository, content loaded dynamically from Wikidata does not need to be translated nor has to be kept up to date in each individual client Wiki. In addition, Wikidata has centralized all Wikipedia interlanguage links.

The Wikidata repository[edit]

Los elementos y sus datos están interconectados.

The Wikidata repository consists mainly of items, each outlined by a label, a description and likely one or more aliases. Sitelinks connect the articles of all client wikis while statements describe detailed characteristics of each Item. Each statement consists of a property and a value: You can link items of people to their place of birth, to their occupation or to its number of an authority control database, link a politician to his or her political party. You can give mountain peaks, places or buildings geographic coordinates, link an Item about a township to its next higher administrative unit, link a country to its highest representative, to its national anthem and so on. All this informations can be used in any language to display it in their own language even if all the information is taken from a different language. Even more, with accessing these values client wikis will always embed the most up-to-date data.

Accessing the data[edit]

Data may be accessed in client Wikis using a Lua Scribunto interface. Apart from that, all data may be retrieved independently using the API.

There is more to come[edit]

Wikidata is an ongoing project that is under active development. More data types as well as queries will be available in the future. You can find more information about Wikidata and its ongoing development on the Wikidata page on Meta. Subscribe to the the Wikidata mailing list to receive up-to-date information about the development and to participate in discussions about the future of the project.

How can I contribute?[edit]

Go ahead and start editing. Editing is the best way to learn about the structure and concepts of Wikidata. If you would like to gain understanding of Wikidata's concepts upfront, you may want to have a look at the help pages. If you have questions, please feel free to drop them in the project chat or contact the development team.

Where to get started[edit]

Some links to get started: